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11 Exhaust

11-2 Exhaust emissions

Reasons for rejection

Compliance with approved standards

1. A vehicle that is required to comply with an approved exhaust emission standard did not comply or cannot be demonstrated to have complied with at least one of the standards listed in the following tables at the time the vehicle was manufactured:

  • Table 11-2-1. Approved exhaust emission standards for used vehicles certified for use on New Zealand roads before 3 January 2008
  • Table 11-2-2. Approved exhaust emission standards for used petrol-, CNG- and LPG-powered vehicles certified for use on New Zealand roads on or after 3 January 2008
  • Table 11-2-3. Approved exhaust emission standards for used diesel-powered vehicles certified for use on New Zealand roads on or after 3 January 2008
  • Table 11-2-4. Approved exhaust emission standards for new petrol-, CNG- and LPG-powered vehicles
  • Table 11-2-5. Approved exhaust emission standards for new diesel-powered vehicles.
Performance and modification

2. A class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, MD3, MD4, ME, NA, NB or NC vehicle does not pass the prescribed metered emissions test (see section 11-3, Metered emissions test specifications).

3. The exhaust system does not comply with requirements relating to performance set out in the VIRM: In-service certification, section 11-2.

Note 1

A transitional provision of the Rule allows vehicles border checked for entry into New Zealand before 1 Febuary 2008 to meet earlier requirements, as set out in Table 11-2-1.

Note 2

Technical bulletin 28 describes methods of proving compliance with approved emissions standards, and explains how to record the information in LANDATA.

Note 3

The Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Exhaust Emissions does not apply to ancillary engines that do not power the vehicle’s wheels.

Note 4

The following vehicles are not required to meet an emissions standard:

  • Tractors (for the purpose of the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Exhaust Emissions, a tractor means a motor vehicle, other than a traction engine, constructed principally for towing an agricultural trailer or for powering agricultural implements)
  • Class L vehicles
  • Class MA or MC motorsport vehicle
  • Class MA special interest vehicles
  • Immigrants’ vehicles
  • Mobile cranes
  • Low volume production vehicles that comply with the emissions requirements of the Low Volume Vehicle Code.
Note 5

Reference material 61 describes the option to repower a heavy vehicle to meet emission requirements.

Note 6

A vehicle more than 20 years old is not required to comply with an exhaust emission standard or have a metered tailpipe test.

Table 11-2-1. Approved exhaust emission standards for used vehicles certified for use on New Zealand roads before 3 January 2008

Petrol-powered vehicles

UN-ECE Regulation No.

EEC/EC Directive

ADR

Japan

Others

15
83

70/220

36
37
79/00
80/00

Japan Safety Regulations for Road Vehicles, Article 31

Federal Regulation 40 CFR Part 86

Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations

Mean Value Standards for Motor Vehicle Exhaust Emissions, No. 129

Diesel-powered vehicles

UN-ECE Regulation No.

EEC/EC Directive

ADR

Others

24
and one of:
15
83
49

72/306
and one of:
70/220
88/77

ADR 30
and one of:
70/00
79/00
80/00

Federal Regulation 40 CFR Part 86

Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations

The Mean Value Standards for Motor Vehicle Exhaust Emissions, No. 129
Japan Safety Regulations for Road Vehicles, Article 31

Low volume vehicles

As defined in the Low Volume Vehicle Code

Table 11-2-2. Approved exhaust emission standards for used petrol-, CNG- and LPG-powered vehicles certified for use on New Zealand roads on or after 3 January 2008

Certified for entry into service

Approved vehicle emissions standards

Light vehicles Heavy vehicles

On or after 1 January 2012

(Note 7)

ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/02, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

Note 7

A transitional provision of Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Exhaust Emissions 2007 allows vehicles border checked for entry into New Zealand before 1 February 2008 to meet earlier requirements (as set out in Table 11-2-1).

Note 8

Under a transitional provision of Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Exhaust Emissions 2007, a vehicle that complied with the Japan 98 Idling Standard when it was manufactured or modified and has a Japanese emissions code of GF, HK, GG, or HL is deemed to have complied with Japan 98.

Table 11-2-3. Approved exhaust emission standards for used diesel-powered vehicles certified for use on New Zealand roads on or after 3 January 2008

Certified for entry into service

Approved vehicle emissions standards

Light vehicles Heavy vehicles

On or after 1 January 2010
(Note 9)

ADR 30/01 and ADR 79/01, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 30/01 and ADR 80/02, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

Note 9

A transitional provision of Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Exhaust Emissions allows vehicles border checked for entry into New Zealand before 1 February 2008 to meet earlier requirements (as set out in Table 11-2-1).

Table 11-2-4. Approved exhaust emission standards for new petrol-, CNG- and LPG-powered vehicles

Date of manufacture

Approved vehicle emissions standard

Light

Heavy

New model

Existing model

New model

Existing model

Before 3 January 2008

ADR 79/01, or

Euro 3, or

Japan 00/02, or

US 2001

ADR 79/01, or

Euro 3, or

Japan 00/02, or

US 2001

ADR 80/01, or

Japan 00/02, or

US 98P

ADR 80/01, or

Japan 00/02, or

US 98P

On or after 3 January 2008 and before 1 January 2009

Before 1 July 2008
ADR 79/01, Euro 4, Japan 05, or US 2004

On or after 1 July 2008
ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 79/01, or

Euro 3, or

Japan 00/02, or

US 2001

ADR 80/02, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/02,

Euro IV, or

Japan 00/02, or

US 98P

On or after 1 January 2009 and before 1 January 2010

ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 79/01, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/02, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/02, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

On or after 1 January 2010 and before 1 January 2011

ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

Before 1 July 2010
ADR 79/01, Euro 4, Japan o5 or US 2004.

On or after 1 July 2010
ADR79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/03, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/02, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

On or after 1 January 2011 and before 1 January 2012

ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/03, or

Euro V, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/03, or

Euro IV, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

On or after 1 January 2012 and before 1 November 2013

ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 79/02, or

Euro 4, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/03, or

Euro V, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

ADR 80/03, or

Euro V, or

Japan 05, or

US 2004

On or after 1 November 2013 and before 1 January 2014

ADR 79/03,

Euro 5,

Japan 05,

or US 2004

ADR 79/02,
Euro 4,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
On or after 1 January 2014 and before 1 January 2015ADR 79/03,
Euro 5, Japan 05; Japan 09, or US 2007
ADR 79/02,
Euro 4,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
On or after 1 January 2015 and before 1 November 2016ADR 79/03,
Euro 5, Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 79/02,
Euro 4,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
On or after 1 November 2016ADR 79/04,
Euro 5,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 79/04,
Euro 5,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05; Japan 09, or
US 2007
Notes to Table 11-2-4 and Table 11-2-5

1. New-model vehicle means a new motor vehicle that has a date of manufacture occurring in the same calendar year as that in which the particular model of the vehicle was first manufactured.

2. Existing-model vehicle means a new vehicle that is not a new-model vehicle.

3. To help confirm emissions standards compliance, see Technical bulletin 28 – Exhaust emissions standards compliance.

4. To help confirm emissions standards compliance for new heavy vehicles imported by the manufacturer’s New Zealand representative, refer to Reference material 43.

Table 11-2-5. Approved exhaust emission standards for new diesel-powered vehicles

Date of manufacture

Approved vehicle emissions standard

Light

Heavy

New model

Existing model

New model

Existing model

Before 3 January 2008

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 02/04, or
US 2004

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 02/04, or
US 2004

ADR 80/00 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro III, or
Japan 02/04 , or
US 2004

ADR 80/00 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro III, or
Japan 02/04,or
US 98D

On or after 3 January 2008 and before 1 January 2009

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 02/04, or
US 2004

ADR 80/02 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro IV, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 80/00 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro III, or
Japan 02/04, or
US 2004

On or after 1 January 2009 and before 1 January 2010

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 80/02 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro IV, or
Japan 05, or
US 2007

ADR 80/02 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro IV, or
Japan 02/04, or
US 2004

On or after 1 January 2010 and before 1 January 2011

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 80/03, or
Euro IV, or
Japan 05, or
US 2007

ADR 80/02 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro IV, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

On or after 1 January 2011 and before 1 January 2012

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 80/03, or
Euro IV, or
Japan 05, or
US 2007

ADR 80/02, or
Euro IV, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

On or after 1 January 2012 and before 1 November 2013

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 79/01 and ADR
30/01, or
Euro 4, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

ADR 80/03, or
Euro V, or
Japan 05, or
US 2007

ADR 80/02, or
Euro V, or
Japan 05, or
US 2004

On or after 1 November 2013 and before
1 January 2014
ADR 79/03,
Euro 5,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
ADR 79/01
and
ADR 30/01,
Euro 4,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
On or after 1 January 2014 and before
1 January 2015
ADR 79/03,
Euro 5,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 79/01
and
ADR 30/01,
Euro 4,
Japan 05, or
US 2004
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
Manufactured
before
1 July 2014
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05, or
US 2004.
Manufactured
on or after
1 July 2014
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 05, or
US 2007
On or after 1 January 2015 and before
1 November 2016
ADR 79/03,
Euro 5,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 79/01
and ADR
30/01,
Euro 4,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
On or after 1 November 2016ADR 79/04,
Euro 5,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 79/04,
Euro 5,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 09, or
US 2007
ADR 80/03,
Euro V,
Japan 09, or
US 2007”
Notes to Table 11-2-4 and Table 11-2-5

1. New-model vehicle means a new motor vehicle that has a date of manufacture occurring in the same calendar year as that in which the particular model of the vehicle was first manufactured.

2. Existing-model vehicle means a new vehicle that is not a new-model vehicle.

3. To help confirm emissions standards compliance, see Technical bulletin 28 – Exhaust emissions standards compliance.

4. To help confirm emissions standards compliance for new heavy vehicles imported by the manufacturer’s New Zealand representative, refer to Reference material 43.

Summary of legislation

Applicable legislation
Compliance with approved standards

1. A used vehicle of class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, MD3, MD4, ME, NA, NB or NC, less than 20 years old and:

a) certified for entry into New Zealand before 3 January 2008 must comply with one or more of the approved exhaust emission standards in Table 11-2-1

b) powered by petrol, CNG or LPG and border checked for entry into New Zealand on or after 3 January 2008 must comply with one or more of the approved exhaust emission standards in Table 11-2-2 (Note 1)

c) powered by diesel and border checked for entry into New Zealand on or after 3 January 2008 must comply with one or more of the approved exhaust emission standards in Table 11-2-3 (Note 1).

2. New petrol, CNG or LPG powered vehicles of class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, MD3, MD4, ME, NA, NB or NC, less than 20 years old must comply with one or more of the approved exhaust emission standards in Table 11-2-4.

3. New diesel-powered vehicles of class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, MD3, MD4, ME, NA, NB or NC, less than 20 years old must comply with one or more of the approved exhaust emission standards in Table 11-2-5.

Performance

4. Class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, MD3, MD4, ME, NA, NB or NC vehicles manufactured on or after 1 January 1990 and first certified for entry into New Zealand on or after 1 May 2008 must pass a prescribed metered test (see section 11-3, Metered test specifications).

5. The exhaust system must comply with requirements relating to performance set out in the VIRM: In-service certification, section 11-2.

Page amended 1 December 2016 (see amendment details).