4 Technical bulletins
41 Entry certification procedures for certain modified vehicles
Certain modifications to vehicles that have been certified overseas to a process accepted by Waka Kotahi do not need specialist inspection and certification, unless the modification is unsafe or illegal in New Zealand. Some examples of this are a three-point seat belt installed for a sideways facing seat, a seating position with dangerous head strike risk, or a motorhome without the minimum number of seating positions for the number of sleeping berths. In these situations, referral to a specialist certifier is required.
In the case of some motorhomes there may be options that do not require referral to a specialist certifier, the two cases are:
- Where there are not enough seats with seatbelts to match the number of berths – the additional berths can be removed or permanently disabled.
- If a dangerous seating position is in excess of the minimum number of seats required based on the number of berths, the seatbelt can be removed without specialist certification and the number of seating positions recorded reduced.
Important: Exhaust emissions compliance isn’t guaranteed and must be verified by one of the methods specified in Technical Bulletin 28.
Applicable legislation: Land Transport Rule Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002 6.5(3).
Overseas modification certification that can be accepted without referral to a specialist certifier
The following European, Australian and United States certifications can be accepted if no subsequent modifications have been made. Check for subsequent modifications and check the details on the Certificate of Conformity, ADR SSM label/plate or FMVSS label/plate against the vehicle. If there are any differences, eg the number of seats or subsequent modifications, then the overseas certification cannot be accepted – refer to a specialist certifier.
For heavy vehicles, the final stage manufacturer is to be considered the de facto manufacturer. While some modifications are allowed, any items generally requiring heavy vehicle specialist certification (eg logging bolster attachments, towing connections, stockcrate anchorage points, load anchorage points, conversion of a vehicle to right-hand drive, conversion of a vehicle to dual steering, etc.) are not excepted from the requirement to be certified by a specialist certifier.
Ratings such as GVM given by the final stage manufacturer under the accepted certification are to be used.
Any vehicle, including a motorhome, that has been modified and type certified to the European Community Whole Vehicle Type Approval (ECWVTA) system. The vehicle must have an ECWVTA final stage (this may be second, third or fourth stage) Certificate of Conformity (CoC) and a corresponding label/plate on the vehicle.
A motorhome may have final stage approval to 2001/116/EC provided it was approved to 2007/46/EC or 2018/858/EC at an earlier approval stage (ie there is a base or second stage approval label listing 2007/46/EC or 2018/858/EC in addition to the 2001/116/EC final stage label).
If the vehicle doesn’t have a first (or second - only in the case of the final stage being the third stage) approval to 2007/46/EC or 2018/858/EC, it must be referred to a specialist certifier.
Any vehicle, including a motorhome, that has been modified and type certified to the Australian Motor Vehicle Certification Board Second Stage of Manufacture (also called ADR second stage of manufacture, ADR SSM). The vehicle must have a corresponding plate/label affixed.
The plate/label must be silver in colour. If the word ‘nonstandard’ or the phrase 'low volume’ appears on the plate/label the certification cannot be accepted, refer to a specialist certifier.
United States vehicles
Note: some United States vehicles covered by this bulletin (eg motorhomes and stretched limousines less than 20 years old) may require RHD conversion, and this will require low volume vehicle or heavy vehicle specialist certification. Purpose-built hearses are able to remain in LHD form.
Any used imported motor home (previously registered in the USA) that has an FMVSS approval plate (fitted by the motor home manufacturer). If there is any doubt, refer to email@example.com to get confirmation of acceptance of the certification, providing photos of the VIN, all FMVSS plates/labels (first and second stage) and photos of the vehicle layout and features (beds, seats, tables, cooking and washing facilities).
Any new motor home that has an FMVSS approval plate (fitted by the motor home manufacturer), provided there are original documents confirming the motor home was manufactured for the US market and would be permitted for use on public roads in the US.
Note: Conversion vans (aka day vans) are not motorhomes as they are not a dwelling place. If there is any doubt, refer to firstname.lastname@example.org to get confirmation of the classification, providing photos of the VIN, all FMVSS plates/labels (first and second stage) and photos of the vehicle layout and features (beds, seats, tables, cooking and washing facilities).
Hearses or limousines
A vehicle modified or partially manufactured by a coachbuilder recognised and authorised by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) under either the Cadillac Master Coachbuilder or Ford Qualified Vehicle Modifier programmes. The vehicle must have a corresponding plate/label affixed. Refer to Appendix 2 for details of qualifying vehicles.
IVCERT vehicle certification screen
The modification certification must be entered into the IVCERT screen as below.
European Community Whole Vehicle Type Approval (ECWVTA)
Australian Motor Vehicle Certification Board Second Stage of Manufacture, also called ADR second stage of manufacture
A vehicle converted into a motorhome that has an FMVSS second stage of manufacture plate/label
A vehicle modified or partially manufactured by a coachbuilder recognised and authorised by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) under either the Cadillac Master Coachbuilder or Ford Qualified Vehicle Modifier programmes
The approval numbers unique 4 digit code and 2 digit suffix.
eg if the number on the plate/ label is “e11*2007/46*0851*01” enter 085101
The 5 digit approval number on the plate/label
For USMH and USCB
The date of manufacture of the completed vehicle from the FMVSS label. In MMYYYY format
The entry certifiers ID
Date of entry certification
Description of the modifications observed and the modifications recorded on the CoC and labels/plates.
Include the coachbuilders or second stage manufacturers name if applicable.
Where appropriate use the abbreviations listed below.
IVCERT screen example
Right hand drive conversion
Appendix 1: EC Certificate of conformity
Appendix 2 : Information on Recognised Coachbuilt Vehicles
FMVSS acceptance for GM Cadillac and Ford Lincoln Conversion Chassis.
Ford and GM partner with selected approved modifiers, providing them with specific part-built vehicles and incomplete FMVSS compliance, to be completed as a hearse or stretched limousine.
Overseas modification certification that can be accepted without referral to a specialist certifier
Master Coachbuilders modify XTS Professional Vehicle Chassis that are specifically engineered, designed and built for heavy-duty application and coachbuilder conversion. The conversions must be completed by a certified Cadillac Master Coachbuilder. To find a list of Cadillac Master Coachbuilders go to: www.gmfleet.com/resources/cadillac-master-coach-builders.
Cadillac models covered by this program are:
- W30 Extended Sedan
- V4U Limousine
- B9Q Hearse
Ford Motor Company Qualified Vehicle Modifiers (QVM) Program assists approved manufacturers in developing a high-quality conversion process, the Ford and Lincoln conversion chassis are specifically designed by Ford to meet rigorous industry requirements. The conversions must be completed by a Ford Motor Company Qualified Vehicle Modifier (QVM). To find a list of Qualified Vehicle Modifiers go to: www.fleet.ford.com/showroom/limo-livery-and-funeral/qualified-vehicle-modifiers.
Ford Motor Company models covered by this program are:
- Lincoln MKT Towncar Hearse
- Lincoln MKT Towncar Limousine
The models listed above, when modified or partially manufactured under their respective recognised coachbuilder programs, are accepted without need for specialist certification provided that:
a) compliance with FMVSS is confirmed by a valid FMVSS plate or label which, incorporates the vehicle chassis number, the approved company’s name, is permanently attached to the vehicle (refer image above); and
b) the modifications made to the vehicle which are approved under the FMVSS are recorded in Landata, in the manner prescribed above; and
c) The vehicle complies with applicable requirements for LHD vehicles. A hearse manufactured by a recognised coachbuilder under this regime is able to remain in LHD form as a Category C4 Specialist Vehicle.
d) the vehicle has not been further modified since the issue of FMVSS compliance. In the event that the vehicle has undergone conversion to RHD, this aspect of the vehicle will require specialist certification (Note 2).
Such approval is an alternative to the low volume vehicle certification process, and any vehicle to which FMVSS applies must meet all other normal compliance requirements so as to enable the vehicle to be entry certified.
Further modified, in relation to this technical bulletin, means modified beyond those modifications listed within the LVVTA LVV Modification Threshold Schedule.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Pre-registration and VIN
- 3 Inspection and certification
- 4 Technical bulletins
- 1 Replacement parts
- 2 Water- or fire-damaged vehicles
- 3 Vehicles modified to change vehicle class
- 4 Identifying a Honda Gyro
- 5 Inspection requirements for temporary vehicle imports
- 6 Auxiliary bars
- 7 Frontal impact standard exemptions
- 8 Frontal impact compliance for Mitsubishi models
- 9 Frontal impact compliance for Toyota Cavaliers
- 10 Inspection for corrosion in Nissan Terrano & Mistral rear floorpan assemblies
- 11 Inspection of motorhomes
- 12 Inspection of daytime running lamps
- 13 Glazing on house-trucks
- 14 Seatbelt requirements for rotating seats
- 15 Toyota Hiace seat and seatbelt requirements
- 16 Replacement seatbelts
- 17 Seatbelt and seatbelt anchorage standards for heavy motor vehicles
- 18 Seatbelt markings
- 19 Seatbelt exemptions
- 20 OE rear upper seatbelt anchorages (with retrofitted seatbelts)
- 21 Rear seatbelts as aisle obstructions in passenger service vehicles
- 23 Used imported motorsport vehicles
- 24 Recording the number of seats for self-propelled motorhomes
- 25 Immigrants' vehicles
- 26 Special interest vehicles
- 27 Alternative proof of compliance – Singapore/Japan
- 28 Exhaust emissions standard compliance
- 29 Declaration for supplementary restraint system, anti-lock braking system and ESC system inspections
- 30 Dual brake systems in overseas driving school vehicles
- 31 Brakes standards compliance
- 32 Static tilt stability compliance
- 33 Category A left-hand drive vehicles
- 34 Bridgestone tyres manufactured in Thailand, Taiwan or Indonesia
- 35 Moped entry certification (class LA, LB)
- 36 Removing a border damage flag
- 37 Electronic stability control identification
- 38 Class MC vehicle definition
- 39 Identifying class MB, MD1 or MD2 based on seats on Japanese deregistration certificates
- 40 Passenger airbag inspection – used imported vehicles from Japan
- 41 Entry certification procedures for certain modified vehicles
- 42 Conversion vans (AKA day vans)
- 43 Takata airbag recall
- 44 Rust prevention or under-sealing on late model cars from the UK
- 45 Recording the number of seats in a vehicle with wheelchair positions
- 46 Parallel imports
- 47 Vehicles fitted with ITS Connect
- COVID-19 recovery
- 5 Reference materials