7 Definitions and abbreviations
in relation to purposes or operations, means connected directly with the operation or management of a farm.
means a special purpose vehicle, with or without motor cycle controls and equipment, that:
a) is principally designed for off-road use, and
b) has three or more wheels, and
c) has an engine capacity exceeding 50 cc, and
d) has a gross laden weight of less than 1000kg.
Alternative fuel inspection certificate
means evidence of vehicle inspection relating to the periodic in-service inspection and certification of an alternative fuel system.
Alternative fuel installation certificate
means an inspection and certification document relating to the installation of an alternative fuel system.
Alternative fuel system inspection and certification
means inspection and certification of an alternative fuel system comprising either:
a) specialist inspection and certification required for the issuing of an alternative fuel installation certificate;
b) in-service inspection and certification required for the issuing of an alternative fuel inspection certificate.
means any requirement specified or incorporated in an Act, regulation, code or rule that applies to the design, construction, condition, equipment, modification, repair or maintenance of a specific vehicle. All applicable requirements for in-service inspection and certification are contained in this manual.
means any motor vehicle with a semi-trailer attached so that part of the semi-trailer is superimposed upon the motor vehicle and a substantial part of the semi-trailer and its load is borne by the motor vehicle.
means the NZ Transport Agency constituted by section 184 of the Land Transport Act 1998.
a) in relation to a vehicle, or specific aspect of a vehicle, to make a record of determination that confirms that the vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation has determined that the vehicle or specific aspect of the vehicle complies with the requirements in this rule, or
b) in relation to a vehicle’s loading and weight limits, to make a record of a vehicle’s loading and weight limits.
in relation to vehicles means a category of vehicle of one of the Groups A, L, M, N or T, as specified under 3.2 of the Introduction.
means a towing vehicle in combination with one or more trailers or other motor vehicle that is being towed.
means an attachment to a vehicle in the form of a label that confirms compliance of the vehicle or a specific aspect of the vehicle with requirements in the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002.
means an attachment to a vehicle in the form of a plate that confirms compliance of the vehicle or a specific aspect of the vehicle with requirements in the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002.
means an inspection and certification document that confirms that a determination has been made that the vehicle is safe to be operated under specified conditions.
means the metal has been eaten away, which is evident by pitting. The outward sign of such corrosion damage is typically displayed by the lifting or bubbling of paint. In extreme cases, the area affected by the corrosion damage will fall out and leave a hole.
means that a vehicle’s New Zealand registration has been cancelled.
means a record, in paper or electronic form, that a vehicle or specific aspect of a vehicle complies or does not comply with requirements in this rule.
|Electronic stability control (ESC)|
means a system that electronically regulates the stability of a motor vehicle and, as a minimum, has the following attributes:
a) improves vehicle directional stability by at least having the ability to automatically control individually the braking torques of the left and right wheels on each axle, or an axle of each axle group, to induce a correcting yaw moment based on the evaluation of actual vehicle behaviour in comparison with a determination of vehicle behaviour demanded by the driver, and
b)is computer-controlled, with the computer using a closed-loop algorithm to limit vehicle oversteer and to limit vehicle understeer based on the evaluation of actual vehicle behaviour in comparison with a determination of vehicle behaviour demanded by the driver, and
c) has a means to determine directly the value of the vehicle’s yaw rate and to estimate its side slip or side slip derivative with respect to time, and
d)has a means to monitor driver steering inputs.
in relation to a vehicle means to begin to be operated in-service on the road in New Zealand for the first time in compliance with registration requirements of the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986.
Evidence of vehicle inspection
in relation to a vehicle, means any certificate, label, or document issued as evidence of the completion of the periodic vehicle inspection requirements in respect of that vehicle.
means a trailer with two axle sets, the foremost of which is steered by a drawbar, and includes a semi-trailer with non-steering axles coupled to a converter dolly.
means a vehicle primarily constructed for the carriage of goods.
Gross vehicle mass
a) the maximum permitted mass of the vehicle, which includes the mass of the accessories, the crew, the passengers and load, and is, unless (b) applies, the gross vehicle mass specified (subsequent to the latest modification, if any) by the manufacturer of the vehicle, or
b) if a person approved for the purpose by the NZ Transport Agency determines that the gross vehicle mass should differ from that specified by the manufacturer, taking into account evidence on the capability of the systems and components of the vehicle, or the effects of any modification, that mass determined by that person.
Gross weight (or
in relation to a vehicle or combination of vehicles, means the weight of the vehicle or of the vehicles comprising the combination, together with the load the vehicle(s) are for the time being carrying. The gross weight may be determined by adding the weight on the axles or groups of axles.
means a vehicle that is either:
a) of class MD3, MD4, ME, NB, NC, TC or TD, or
b) a vehicle not listed under 3.2 of the Introduction of this manual with a gross vehicle mass that exceeds 3500kg.
Heavy vehicle specialist inspection and certification
means specialist inspection and certification of specific aspects of a heavy vehicle.
Hours of darkness
a) any period of time between half an hour after sunset on one day and half an hour before sunrise on the next day, or
b) any other time when there is not sufficient daylight to render clearly visible a person or vehicle at a distance of 100m.
means a person or organisation appointed by the NZ Transport Agency who is responsible for inspection and certification outcomes.
Inspection and certification
means the performance of two or more of the following, for the purposes of determining compliance with applicable requirements:
a) examining vehicles
b) determining whether or not a vehicle or specific aspect of a vehicle complies with applicable requirements
c) issuing evidence of vehicle inspection, a conditional permit or a certificate of loading
d) recording and making available information about vehicles (including their systems, components, devices, fittings and equipment).
Inspection and certification document
means a document required, produced or issued in the inspection and certification process, including a plate, a label, an electronic record, and a checksheet.
Inspection and certification outcome
in relation to a vehicle means:
a) production of a record of determination as appropriate to the inspection and certification activity, or
b) provision of other records and information about the vehicle to the NZ Transport Agency or other persons, or
c) production of evidence of vehicle inspection, conditional permits or certificates of loading.
|KSDP||means key service delivery partner. They are defined as organisations that are contracted or appointed by the Transport Agency to delivery regulatory products or services and who have sufficient market share and/or are of sufficient size and standing within an industry segment to be able to represent and influence the customer expectation of that industry segment.|
means a vehicle except one defined as a ‘heavy vehicle’.
Low volume vehicle
means a vehicle of a class other than class MD3, MD4, ME, NB, NC, TC or TD, that is:
a) manufactured, assembled or scratch-built in quantities of 500 or less in any one year, and where the construction of the vehicle may directly or indirectly affect the compliance of the vehicle with any of the vehicle standards prescribed by New Zealand law, or
b) modified uniquely, or in quantities of 500 in any one year, in such a way that the compliance of the vehicle, its structure, systems, components or equipment with a legal requirement relating to safety performance applicable at the time of the modification may be affected.
Low Volume Vehicle Code
means the Code of the Low Volume Vehicle Technical Association Incorporated.
Low volume vehicle plate or authority card
means a plate or authority card issued in accordance with the Low Volume Vehicle Code.
Low volume vehicle specialist inspection and certification
means specialist inspection and certification of a light vehicle as specified in the Low Volume Vehicle Code.
Manufacturer’s operating limits
a) in relation to a vehicle, the allowance provided by the vehicle manufacturer in terms of performance capability and dimensions, relative to deterioration, malfunction or damage beyond which the safe performance of the vehicle, as defined by the vehicle manufacturer, is compromised, and
b) in relation to a system, component or item of equipment, incorporated in or attached to a vehicle, the allowance provided by the system, component or equipment manufacturer in terms of performance capability and dimensions, relative to the deterioration, malfunction or damage, beyond which the safe performance of the system, component or item of equipment (and consequently the vehicle) is compromised.
in relation to a vehicle means to change the vehicle from its original state by altering, substituting, adding or removing any structure, system, component or equipment; but does not include repair.
means a vehicle drawn or propelled by mechanical power, and includes a trailer but does not include:
a) a vehicle running on rails
b) an invalid carriage
c) a trailer (other than a trailer designed solely for the carriage of goods) that is designed and used exclusively as part of the armament of the New Zealand Defence Force
d) a trailer running on one wheel and designed exclusively as a speed measuring device or for testing the wear of vehicle tyres
e) a vehicle designed for amusement purposes and used exclusively within a place of recreation, amusement, or entertainment to which the public does not have access with motor vehicles
f) a pedestrian-controlled machine.
in relation to a vehicle, means a vehicle that:
a) has not been registered and operated in New Zealand or any other country, and
b) has not been operated on a road in New Zealand or any other country as a demonstration or courtesy vehicle, and
c) has not been used for training or testing purposes, and
d) is not a scratch-built vehicle that contains components that have been fitted to a vehicle that has been operated on the road in New Zealand or in any other country.
means the NZ Transport Agency.
means original equipment fitted at the time of manufacture of the vehicle, or a part supplied by the vehicle manufacturer.
in relation to a vehicle means to drive or use the vehicle on a road, or to cause or permit the vehicle to be on a road or to be driven on a road, whether or not the person is present with the vehicle.
in service in relation to a vehicle means to be operated on the road in New Zealand after having been registered in compliance with registration requirements.
means a vehicle constructed primarily for the carriage of passengers.
Passenger service vehicle (PSV)
means a vehicle used to carry passengers for hire or reward, or a passenger vehicle with 13 or more seats.
means the Performance review system manual.
in relation to a vehicle previously certified for entry into service on the road in New Zealand that has been de-registered, means to begin to be operated in service again.
Rental service vehicle
means a vehicle used or available for use in a rental service for letting on hire for the carriage of passengers or goods, or both, to a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle.
means to restore a damaged or worn vehicle, its structure, systems, components or equipment; and includes the replacement of damaged or worn structures, systems, components or equipment with equivalent undamaged or new structures, systems, components or equipment.
means the tolerance within which the safe performance of the vehicle, its structure, systems, components or equipment is not compromised, having regard to any manufacturer’s operating limits.
means a vehicle that is either:
a) assembled from previously unrelated components and construction materials that have not been predominantly sourced from donors of a single make or model and that, in its completed form, never previously existed as a mass-produced vehicle, although the external appearance may resemble or replicate an existing vehicle, or
b) a modified production vehicle that contains less than the following componentry from a mass-produced vehicle of a single make and model:
i. 40% of the chassis rails and 50% of the crossmembers, or alternatively 40% of a spaceframe, or 40% of the floorpan of a unitary constructed body, whichever is appropriate, and
ii. for light vehicles, 40% of the bodywork (based on surface area of body panels but not including the floorpan, internal bracing, sub-panels, bulkheads or firewall).
Specialist inspection and certification
means inspection and certification of a specific aspect of a vehicle.
means vehicle without motive power that is constructed for the purpose of being drawn behind a motor vehicle.
means the Transport Registry Centre of the NZ Trasnport Agency.
Used light vehicle
means a light vehicle, including a light vehicle that has been used for the purpose of demonstration in connection with the sale of a similar vehicle, that has, at any time before being offered or displayed for sale:
a) been registered under:
(i) the Transport Act 1962, or
(ii) the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986, or
(iii) any corresponding legislation in any other country, or
b) been used for a purpose not connected with its manufacture or sale.
Vehicle identification number (VIN)
means a group of letters and numbers consisting of 17 characters that:
a) is affixed to a vehicle in accordance with the relevant standard prescribed under the Traffic Regulations 1976, and
b) is capable of being decoded to provide identifying information about that vehicle.
means a person appointed by the NZ Transport Agency to carry out inspection and certification activities in accordance with requirements and conditions imposed by the NZ Transport Agency.
Vehicle recovery service vehicle
means a vehicle used or available for use in a vehicle recovery service for towing or carrying on a road any motor vehicle.
Warrant of fitness (WoF)
means evidence of vehicle inspection issued to a vehicle listed under 3.3 of the Introduction.
Warrant of fitness inspection and certification
means periodic in-service inspection and certification of a vehicle listed under 3.3 of the Introduction.
- 1 Vehicle identification
- 2 Standards compliance
- 3 Pre-delivery inspection
- 4 Warrant of Fitness inspection
- Technical bulletins