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3 Vision

3-1 Windscreen

Reasons for rejection

1. A windscreen that is required to be made of laminated glass is not made of laminated glass.

2. The incorrect adhesive has been used to bond in a piece of glazing.

3. A piece of glazing that is required to comply with an approved glazing standard did not comply, or cannot be demonstrated to have complied, with at least one of the standards listed in Table 3–1–1 at the time the glazing was fitted (Note 3).

4. A windscreen that has been repaired has not been repaired to an approved standard.

5. There is no documentation to support that a repair to a windscreen has been completed to an approved standard.

6. A piece of glazing fitted to a vehicle of class LA, LB1, LB2, LC, LD, LE1 or LE2 is not made of a transparent material that does not shatter.

7. A windscreen has scratches, discolouration or other defects that unreasonably impair the driver’s vision or compromise the strength of the windscreen.

8. The windscreen bonding area of the A-pillar has been repaired and the original glazing adhesive has not been removed fully or until only a thin film is left before the new adhesive was used.

9. The wrong adhesive has been used previously and the original glazing adhesive has not been removed fully before the new adhesive was used.

Note 1

For a vehicle manufactured before 1 January 1991, a glazing marking which contains one or more of the approved trade names in Table 3–1–2 is evidence that a piece of glazing complies with an approved glazing standard.

Note 2

Curved scenic skylights above the cant rail, curved windows at the front and rear corners, skylights, louvres and interior partitions in omnibuses (vehicles of class MD1 and MD2) are not required to comply with approved glazing standards if they are made of transparent material that does not shatter.

Note 3

Any repairs to a windscreen must have documentation to show that the repair was carried out to an approved standard.

Table 3-1-1 List of approved glazing standards*

UN-ECE Regulation No.

EEC/EC Directive

FMVSS

ADR

Japan

Others

43

92/22

2001/92

205

8

TS for Window Glass

or

JIS R3211

BS 857

BS 5282

BS AU 178a

ANSI/SAE Z26.1

NZS 5443

AS 2080

AS/NZS 2080

SABS 1191/1193

or

ABG (behind

driver only)

* A piece of glazing that is required to comply with an approved glazing standard must comply with at least one of the standards listed in the table.

Table 3-1-2. Approved trade names for glazing
Armourfloat
Armourplate
Blindex
Duolite Safety
Duplate Safety
Flolite
Ford Indestructo
Ford Safety Glass
Ford Silver Arrow
Glacetex
Hankuk Glass Safety Heat
Line
HMC Glass Safety Hankuk
TF5
HMC Glass Safety Hankuk
TV5
Indestructo
Nippon Safety
NM Laminated Safety Glass
FHP
Peerless
Plexite
Safetyflex
Safety MGB (Meloplate)
Safety MGB (Melite Safety
Plate)
Sekurit
Sigla
Spectrofloat Splintex
Sunmat
Suntex Safety Glass
Temperlite
Temperlite Santa Marina
Thorex Connex
Triplex
Triplex Plate
Tuflite
Tyneside
Veracetex
 
Table 3-1-3. Glossary of codes for safety glass (including laminated glass) (Note 1)

L

laminated glass

F

float glass

P

plate glass

LF

laminated float

LP

laminated plate

/

toughened, when near the UN/ECE mark

// or ///

laminated, when near the UN/ECE mark

TS

toughened glass

TP

toughened plate

T

toughened or tempered

Z

zone tempered

HP

high performance laminated safety glass

WHP

complies with impact test (windscreen high performance laminated safety glass)

DOT

Department of Transport (USA)

AS down-arrow 1 or

AS up-arrow 2

the glass, in the direction of the arrow, complies with the 70% light transmission requirement

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

FMVSS codes 

AS1

for use anywhere in the vehicle

AS2

for use anywhere in the vehicle other than windscreen

AS3

for rear and rear side windows only

AS4 and AS5

for glazing not used for driver’s vision (eg the rear window of heavy truck cabs or convertible tops, windows/doors in motorhome bodies, ute canopies, rear windows on buses, roof glazing etc)

Glazing cut from mother sheet 

L.76WHP

laminated, 0.76 mm interlayer, suitable for all locations

L.38

laminated, 0.38 mm interlayer, must not be used for windscreens

PCZ26.1

polycarbonate, meets requirements of ANSI Z26, must not be used for windscreens

 

typical laminated glazing markings 

Figure 3-1-1. Approved standards markings

The above standard markings may assist in determining compliance with approved standards.

 

figure511 

Figure 3-1-2. Typical laminated glazing markings

 

Types and maximum sizes of windscreen damage 

Figure 3-1-3. Types and maximum sizes of windscreen damage

Summary of legislation

Applicable legislation
Mandatory equipment

1. Windscreens fitted to the following vehicles must be made of laminated glass:

a) vehicles of class MA, MB, MC and NA manufactured on or after 1 July 1986

b) vehicles of class MD1 and MD2 manufactured on or after 1 July 1997

c) vehicles not covered by any of the defined vehicle classes manufactured on or after 1 January 2001.

2. All glazing fitted to vehicles of class LA, LB1, LB2, LC, LD, LE1 and LE2 must be made of a transparent material that does not shatter.

Compliance with approved standards

3. Windscreens fitted to the following vehicles must comply with one or more of the approved glazing standards in Table 3–1–1:

a) vehicles of group M and N manufactured on or after 1 January 1960, and

b) vehicles not covered by any of the defined vehicle classes manufactured on or after 1 January 2001.

4. Glazing in locations other than windscreens fitted to the following vehicles must comply with one or more of the approved glazing standards in Table 3–1–1:

a) vehicles of group M (Note 2) and N manufactured on or after 1 February 1977 (Note 1)

b) vehicles not covered by any of the defined vehicle classes manufactured on or after 1 January 2001.

Condition

5. A windscreen must be mechanically sound, strong and securely affixed to the vehicle.

6. A windscreen must not have scratches or other defects that:

a) unreasonably impair vision, or

b) compromise its strength.

Page amended 1 October 2013 (see amendment details).