11-1 Exhaust system
Reasons for rejection
1. A vehicle is not fitted with an exhaust system that includes a means of sound reduction (Note 1) (Note 6).
2. A light vehicle is presented for a WoF or CoF because it has been ordered off the road (pink- or green-stickered) by an enforcement officer for non-compliant exhaust noise, and there is no evidence that the vehicle has passed an LVVTA objective noise test since the vehicle was ordered off the road (Note 4), ie:
a) the owner cannot produce a valid objective exhaust noise emissions test certificate (Figure 11-1-1) issued after the vehicle was ordered off the road (Note 5), and
b) the exhaust system tail pipe is not fitted with a valid LVVTA noise test label (Figure 11-1-2).
3. An exhaust system is not securely mounted.
4. The exhaust system is so constructed or modified that its operation or effectiveness can be readily interfered with, eg the driver is able to interfere with the exhaust system by operating a manual switch, or the exhaust is fitted with a flame thrower kit.
5. The exhaust system is so constructed that emitted heat or fumes are not directed away from, and prevented from entering, the vehicle’s passenger compartment (Note 7). See also (Note 6) regarding screamer pipes
6. There is a leak of exhaust fumes from the exhaust system.
7. The exhaust noise output from a class LE, MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2 or NA vehicle (other than a class MA or MC motorsport vehicle with a valid motorsport authority card) is not less than or similar to the noise output the vehicle (or a vehicle of a similar type (Note 2)) would have had when it was manufactured with its original exhaust system, and:
a) the increased noise output exceeds the relevant noise limit in Table 11-1-1 when assessed by the vehicle inspector:
i. using their own experience, or
ii. using the Noise Quick Check specified in Technical bulletin 1, or
b) there is no evidence that the vehicle has passed an LVVTA objective noise test, ie:
i. the owner cannot produce a valid objective exhaust noise emission test certificate (Figure 11-1-1), and
ii. the exhaust system tailpipe is not fitted with a valid LVVTA noise test label (Figure 11-1-2).
Exhaust system means a pipe assembly through which the engine exhaust gases pass to the atmosphere and includes some means of sound reduction such as a silencer or resonator.
For the purpose of Reason for rejection, a vehicle of a similar type means a vehicle of similar age, vehicle size, body type, engine size and power output, and may be of a different make and model.
The noise limits in Table 11-1-1 are lower than the noise limits specified in legislation, and considered to be ‘clearly below’ the legal noise limits. Vehicles with an exhaust noise output clearly below the legal limits do not require an Objective Noise Test.
A new objective noise test is required every time the vehicle is ordered off the road for non-compliant exhaust noise, even if the vehicle is presented for WoF or CoF with a quieter or original exhaust system.
Sight the ordering off the road notice or phone the NZ Police to find out when the ordering off the notice was issued.
Externally venting wastegates (screamer pipes) are not permitted and cannot be certified as they are not adequately muffled and the exhaust gasses do not exit behind the passenger compartment. However, wastegates that feed gasses into their own muffled exhaust system exiting behind the passenger compartment, or feed gasses back into the vehicle’s exhaust system, are permitted.
Exhaust systems that direct exhaust fumes away from the perimeter of the vehicle’s passenger compartment will comply with this requirement, and an OE fitment (or direct OE replacement) where the exhaust system terminates directly below the vehicle’s floorpan is also permissible.
Table 11-1-1. Noise limits for the Noise Quick Check (Note 3)
Noise limit (decibels) (Note 3)
Class LE with an engine capacity of 125 cc or less
|Class LE with an engine capacity of more than 125 cc||97 dBA|
|Class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, NA first registered in New Zealand before 1 June 2008||92 dBA|
Class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, NA first registered in New Zealand on or after 1 June 2008 and:
– manufactured before 1 January 1985
– manufactured on or after 1 January 1985
Figure 11-1-1. Objective exhaust noise emission test certificate
Figure 11-1-2. Objective noise test label
Summary of legislation
1. A vehicle with an internal combustion engine must be fitted with an exhaust system (Note 1) (Note 6).
2. A vehicle that is presented for a WoF or CoF because it has been ordered off the road by an enforcement officer for non-compliant exhaust noise must pass an LVVTA objective noise test before the vehicle may be issued with a WoF or CoF (Note 4).
3. An exhaust system must not be constructed or modified in a way that allows a person to interfere readily with its operation or reduce its effectiveness.
4. An exhaust system must be designed, constructed, positioned and maintained in a way that minimises the risk of heat or fumes emitted from the system harming the vehicle’s occupants.
5. An exhaust system must be effective and in good working order.
6. The noise output from the exhaust system of a class LE, MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2 or NA vehicle (other than a class MA or MC motorsport vehicle with a valid motorsport authority card):
a) must be less than or similar to the noise output from the vehicle’s original exhaust system at the time of the vehicle’s manufacture, or
b) must not, if the noise output of the vehicle’s original exhaust system at the time of the vehicle’s manufacture is not known, exceed the applicable maximum decibel level when tested and certified by an LVV specialist certifier in accordance with the LVVTA objective noise test.
7. A class LE, MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2 or NA vehicle that has been modified so as to increase its exhaust noise output must have the exhaust system inspected, tested and certified by an LVV specialist certifier as having passed the LVVTA objective noise test, unless:
a) the increased noise output is clearly below (Note 3) the applicable noise limits, and
b) the vehicle has been inspected in accordance with the requirements in this manual, including those for equipment, condition and performance.
8. When a vehicle has been certified by an LVV specialist certifier as having passed the LVVTA objective noise test:
a) the owner must produce a valid objective exhaust noise emissions test certificate (Figure 11-1-1), and
b) the exhaust system tailpipe must be fitted with a valid LVVTA noise test label (Figure 11-1-2).
Page amended 1 November 2018 (see amendment details).
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