Correct as at 16th September 2019. It may be superseded at any time.

Extract taken from: NZTA Vehicle Portal > VIRMs > In-service certification (WoF and CoF) > Introduction

Introduction

1 Purpose and scope

The NZ Transport Agency Waka Kotahi (NZTA) has prepared this manual to assist vehicle inspectors and inspecting organisations achieve correct and consistent standards of in-service vehicle inspection and certification (WoF and CoF).

The purpose of this manual is to enhance the safety of in-service vehicles in New Zealand by conveying to vehicle inspectors and inspecting organisations the conditions of their appointment and the requirements for the inspection and certification of vehicles for operation in service.

The scope of this manual is to set out the statutory requirements for all in-service vehicle inspections. No attempt has been made to give details on how to inspect a vehicle, a matter best addressed by training programmes.

Amendments to this manual will be issued from time to time as inspection requirements change and improvements are made. Details of amendments are available from the Amendments tab on the horizontal menu. Suggestions for improvement should be made using the feedback button found on every page.

2 Overview of the manual

How is the manual structured?

The manual is divided into ten vehicle-type sections plus technical bulletins and this introduction.

What information is in each part of the manual?

1. Introduction

The introduction is relevant to all vehicles requiring in-service inspection and certification (WoF and CoF). It explains the duties and responsibilities of the inspecting organisation and vehicle inspector, the inspection and certification process, complaints procedures, inspection premises and equipment, and the appointment of vehicle inspectors and inspecting organisations. It also includes definitions and abbreviations, and sample certification documents. Improvement suggestions can be made by clicking the 'Send us your feedback' button found on every page.

2. General vehicles (WoF)

This section contains the WoF inspection requirements for light vehicles of classes LE that do not have motorcycle controls, MA, MB, MC, MD1 and NA.

Many of these requirements are general requirements applicable to other types and classes of vehicles. They have been copied into other relevant sections as outlined below.

3. Heavy vehicles (CoF)

This section contains the CoF inspection requirements for heavy vehicles of classes NB and NC. They consist of general requirements applicable to all vehicles and additional or replacement requirements that apply specifically to heavy vehicles.

4. Light PSVs (CoF)

This section contains the CoF inspection requirements for light passenger service vehicles (PSVs) of classes LE that do not have motorcycle controls, MA, MB, MC, MD1 and MD2. They consist of general requirements applicable to all vehicles and additional or replacement requirements that apply specifically to light PSVs.

This section also contains the transport service licence (TSL) requirements for light vehicles of the above classes used in a rental service or vehicle recovery service.

5. Heavy PSVs (CoF)

This section contains the CoF inspection requirements for heavy passenger service vehicles (PSVs) of classes MD3, MD4 and ME, and any NB and NC class vehicles used as PSVs. They consist of general requirements applicable to all vehicles, requirements applicable to all heavy vehicles and additional or replacement requirements that apply specifically to heavy PSVs.

6. Motorcycles (WoF and CoF)

This section covers the WoF and CoF inspection requirements for vehicles of classes LC, LD and LE that have motorcycle controls. For CoF, this section also contains additional requirements for these vehicles used in a passenger service or rental service.

7 General trailers (WoF)

This section covers the WoF inspection requirements for light trailers of classes TA and TB. They consist of general requirements applicable to all trailers.

8. Heavy trailers (CoF)

This section covers the CoF inspection requirements for heavy trailers of classes TC and TD. They consist of general requirements applicable to all trailers and additional or replacement requirements that apply specifically to heavy trailers.

9. Forklifts (WoF)

This section contains the WoF inspection requirements for light and heavy forklifts which must meet WoF requirements as far as practicable for their design and type.

10. Tractors (WoF)

This section contains the WoF inspection requirements for light and heavy tractors and self-propelled machines used in agricultural, land management and roading operations.

11. Unclassified vehicles (WoF)

This section contains the WoF inspection requirements for light and heavy unclassified vehicles which must meet WoF requirements as far as practicable for their design and type. It includes heavy vehicles exempt from CoF, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and some trailers. It does not include vehicles already covered in the Forklifts and Tractors sections.

12. Technical bulletins (general)

These contain detailed requirements or helpful information which is not appropriate to put into the vehicle sections of the manual. Examples are processes/requirements for seatbelt replacements and jacking points for correctly checking suspension ball joints. These bulletins cover WoF vehicles and vehicles in general.

13. Technical bulletins (CoF)

These bulletins are similar to the Technical bulletins (general), but cover information specific to vehicles operated on a CoF.

'WoF only’ inspecting organisations

An inspecting organisation appointed to carry out WoF inspections only will only need to view the general vehicle pages, motorcycle pages, general trailer pages, forklift pages, tractor pages, unclassified vehicle pages and technical bulletin (general) pages.

'CoF only' inspecting organisations

An inspecting organisation appointed to carry out CoF inspections only will need to view the pages for motorcycles, heavy vehicles, light PSVs, heavy PSVs, heavy trailers, technical bulletins (general) and technical bulletins (CoF).

Note that some pages will refer to general vehicles or general trailers pages where appropriate.

‘WoF and CoF’ inspecting organisations

An inspecting organisation appointed to carry out WoF and CoF inspections will need to view all the WoF and CoF pages. These are the same pages as for 'WoF only', but with additional pages for heavy vehicles, light PSVs, heavy PSVs, heavy trailers and technical bulletins (CoF).

How to use the manual

WoF inspections
  • For a WoF inspection on a car, for example, refer only to the general vehicle pages.
CoF inspections

Many CoF requirements are the same as the WoF requirements and have been copied into the relevant CoF sections. Where requirements differ:

  • For a light PSV, refer to the light PSV pages and link to the general vehicle pages if so indicated on the light PSV page
  • For a heavy truck, refer to the heavy vehicle pages and link to the general vehicle pages if so indicated on the heavy vehicle page
  • For a heavy PSV, refer to the heavy PSV pages and link to the heavy vehicle pages and/or the general vehicle pages if so indicated on the heavy PSV page.
Layout of manual pages

For each vehicle component, the inspection requirement pages are generally divided into two tabs, one for reasons for rejection, the other for summary of legislation. These tabs list the requirements under ‘mandatory equipment’, ‘permitted equipment’, ‘condition’, ‘performance’ and ‘modifications’ (and ‘repairs’ for heavy vehicles on a CoF).

The Reasons for rejection column specifies the vehicle defects that must result in the vehicle being rejected for a WoF or CoF. The condition and performance reasons for rejection apply to mandatory, permitted, and modified equipment, unless otherwise stated. NZTA has imposed these requirements in accordance with Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002, section 2.3(1). This column also contains notes for additional guidance, as referred to in the two columns.

The Summary of legislation column summarises the legislation that is relevant to in-service inspection and certification.
Many vehicle components have an additional one or two tabs:

  • Tables and images contain tables and illustrations referred to in the Reasons for rejection and Summary of legislation tabs.
  • Technical information contains additional relevant information that is not part of the manual, but which may be useful information, such as NZTA pamphlets.
  • The figure below illustrates the typical layout of pages in the manual. Greater detail is given in the Vehicle inspection portal user guide and the Vehicle inspection portal quick reference guide.

5

Page amended 1 November 2014 (see amendment details).

3 Inspection and certification process

 

Overview – steps in the inspection and certification process

In order to inspect and certify a vehicle for a WoF or CoF the vehicle inspector and inspecting organisation must take the following steps:

1. Know the vehicle inspector’s and inspecting organisation’s responsibilities.

The legal responsibilities are listed in section 3.1. The vehicle inspector and inspecting organisation must read these and understand them.

2. Identify the vehicle class.

A table of vehicle classes is given in section section 3.2.

3. Identify whether the vehicle requires a WoF or CoF inspection.

Section 3.3 shows a list of vehicles that require a WoF, a list of vehicles that require a CoF and a list of vehicles that do not require a WoF or CoF.

4. Establish whether the vehicle may be inspected for the purposes of issuing a WoF or a CoF.

The vehicle must meet a number of criteria before inspection. These are listed in section 3.4.

5. Establish whether the vehicle complies.

Section 3.5 explains how to use this manual in order to determine the vehicle’s compliance with the requirements.

6. Complete the inspection documentation (checksheet).

Section 3.6 explains the requirements for handling and completing checksheets.

7. Record the inspection outcome (‘determination’).

Section 3.7 explains how to record WoF and CoF inspection results into the NZTA computer system (WoF Online and LATIS).

8. Issue the WoF label, CoF label, or temporary permit.

Section 3.8 explains the requirements when issuing the WoF label, CoF label, or temporary permit and attaching it to the vehicle.

9. Collect fees.

Section 3.9 lists the requirements for the inspecting organisation when charging and collecting fees.

3.10 Operating a vehicle without a current WoF or CoF.

Section 3.10 explains the vehicle operator’s responsibilities when operating a vehicle without a current WoF or CoF.

3-1 Duties and responsibilities


3.1.1 General duties and responsibilities

Applicable legislation: Vehicle Standards Compliance Rule 2002 (the Rule).

1. Vehicle inspectors and inspecting organisations [Definitions in the Rule]

Vehicle inspector means an individual appointed by the NZTA under 2.2(1) of the Rule to carry out inspection and certification activities in accordance with requirements and conditions imposed by the NZTA.

Inspecting organisation means a person or organisation appointed by the NZTA under 2.2(1) who is responsible for inspection and certification outcomes.

2. Inspection and certification activities [section 2.1(1) of the Rule]

Only vehicle inspectors and inspecting organisations appointed by NZTA may carry out inspection and certification activities as specified in the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002.

3. Primary duty [section 2.1(2) of the Rule]

Vehicle inspectors and inspecting organisations must carry out inspection and certification activities competently and diligently and in accordance with the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002, this manual, the Notice of appointment and the Code of conduct.

4. Inspection and certification activities that can be carried out [section 2.2(2) of the Rule]

Vehicle inspectors and inspecting organisations may carry out only those inspection and certification activities for which NZTA has appointed them.

5. Requirements, conditions, and period of appointment [section 2.3(1) of the Rule]

The NZTA may specify the period of appointment for a vehicle inspector and inspecting organisation and may impose requirements and conditions as to the performance of the inspection and certification activities, including the performance of those activities at individual sites. This manual contains the requirements and conditions imposed by the NZTA.

6. Driver licence

Vehicle inspectors must hold a current driver licence for the vehicles that they are inspecting.

7. Fit and proper person [section 2.3(3) of the Rule]

It is a condition of an appointment that a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation continues to be fit and proper.

For further information about what it means to be a fit and proper person, refer to the Transport Agency's Fit and proper person guidelines.

8. Document retention, Advise incorrect certification, Advise vehicle defects [section 2.3(4) of the Rule]

It is a condition of an appointment that a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation:

a) keeps all records and associated documents relating to vehicle inspections and certifications (including failed inspections) for a minimum period of 12 months (LT400s and other HVS/engineer certificates indefinitely), and

b) advises the NZTA as soon as practicable if there is a reason to believe that the inspection and certification of a vehicle has been carried out incorrectly, and

c) advises the NZTA as soon as practicable of a defect in a manufacturer’s production run or quality control process of which the inspector or organisation has become aware that may affect the safety performance of a vehicle that has been inspected and certified.

9. Delegation [section 2.4(1) of the Rule]

A vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation may not delegate any function or power to carry out inspection and certification activities for which they were appointed, except under conditions specified by NZTA in writing.

10. Additional duties and responsibilities of inspecting organisations under the quality management system (QMS) and the Notice of appointment

In addition to requirements specified elsewhere in this manual, an inspecting organisation must comply with the requirements of their QMS and Notice of appointment, including the following:

a) advise the NZTA as soon as possible when a vehicle inspector leaves or joins an inspecting organisation or moves to another site (Notification of vehicle inspector transfer)

b) manage actual, potential and perceived conflicts of interest (refer to Information for inspecting organisations)

c) report the loss or theft of controlled documents to the NZ Police and the NZTA as soon as possible (Notification of lost or stolen controlled documents)

d) comply with any NZTA requirements relating to IT systems, including protecting access to the NZTA computer system from unauthorised persons

e) carry out regular internal performance assessments (at least once a year)

f) inspect and certify vehicles only at authorised sites unless otherwise permitted

g) responsible for maintaining technical and administrative competence of vehicle inspectors and other persons carrying out vehicle inspection and certification work

h) responsible for ensuring vehicle inspectors continue to abide by the Code of Conduct.

3.1.2 Inspection and certification
1. Inspection and certification of vehicles for operation in service [section 7.3(3) of the Rule]

The inspection and certification of a vehicle for operation in service must be carried out in accordance with requirements and conditions imposed by NZTA.

2. Determining compliance of a vehicle [section 7.4(1) of the Rule]

A vehicle is certified for in-service based on the condition of the vehicle at the time of the inspection.

A vehicle may be certified for operation in-service only if a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation has identified the vehicle and has determined, on reasonable grounds, that the vehicle meets all of the following:

a) it is safe to be operated under normal conditions of use, and

b) it has been designed and constructed using components and materials that are fit for their purpose, and is within safe tolerance of its state when manufactured or modified, and

c) it complies with the applicable requirements (all of which are contained within this manual), and

d) it has undergone specialist inspection and certification as required by paragraphs 4, 5, and 6 below and the specific aspects of the vehicle have been certified.

3. Information to take into account when determining compliance of a vehicle [section 7.4(3) of the Rule]

A vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation, in making a determination, must take into account:

a) information obtained from inspecting the vehicle and associated documents, and

b) additional relevant information, if any, about the vehicle issued by a manufacturer, modifier, repairer, or other relevant person of which the inspector or organisation is aware.

4. Low volume vehicle specialist certification [section 7.5(1)(a) of the Rule]

Low volume vehicle (LVV) specialist inspection and certification is required prior to inspection and certification for in-service, if the vehicle is a light vehicle that, since it was last certified for operation in-service or last certified as a low volume vehicle, has been modified so as to affect its compliance with an applicable requirement (Note 1).

5. Heavy vehicle specialist certification [section 7.5(1)(b) of the Rule]

Heavy vehicle specialist (HVS) inspection and certification is required prior to inspection and certification for in service, if the vehicle is a heavy vehicle that, since it was last certified for operation in service or last certified for modification, has been modified so as to affect its compliance with an applicable requirement, including modifications to its chassis, brakes, log bolster attachments, towing connections or load anchorages.

6. Other specialist certification [section 7.5(1)(c) of the Rule]

Other specialist inspection and certification is required in accordance with an applicable requirement or as required by NZTA, all of which are contained within this manual.

7. Modified vehicles not requiring specialist certification [section 7.5(3) of the Rule]

Low volume vehicle (LVV) specialist inspection and certification or heavy vehicle specialist (HVS) inspection and certification is not required if a modified vehicle is:

a) excluded in this manual from the requirement for LVV or HVS certification and meets the inspection requirements in this manual, including those for equipment, condition, and performance, or

b) modified for the purposes of law enforcement or the provision of emergency services.

Note that this only covers the modifications for the specialised functions of the vehicle. Other modifications that affect compliance are subject to certification.

Note 1
Modifications not requiring LVV certification

All modifications must meet WoF or CoF requirements. However, not every modification requires LVV certification.

A modified light vehicle may or may not be required to undergo LVV certification, depending on the level of modification. Typical modifications that are made to vehicle components and systems are listed in tables, and identify:

a) those modifications that do not require LVV certification unless they exceed a certain level. Where modifications exceed those listed in the table, a WoF or CoF provider must not issue a WoF or CoF for the vehicle until LVV certification has been issued

b) those modifications that have been certified to an accepted overseas system as shown in Technical bulletin 13

c) those lower levels of modification that are never required to be LVV certified.

For most modifications, the introduction date for the requirement for LVV certification is 1 March 1999, which was the date that the Compliance Rule came into force. In addition, LVV certification was required for some items under the Transport (Vehicle Standards) Regulations 1990. In particular LVV certification is required for:

a) a modification after 1 January 1992 that affected compliance with a brake standard on a class MA vehicle, or after 1 January 1993 on a vehicle of class MB, MC or NA.

b) a modification after 1 January 1992 that affected a seatbelt anchorage standard on a passenger vehicle with up to nine seats, that is class MA, MB or MC.

c) a modification after 1 January 1992 that affected compliance with a standard for door locks and hinges, steering column impact or interior impact on a class MA vehicle.

If a modification was carried out prior to LVV certification coming into force, a valid modification declaration must be produced. The vehicle inspector may also accept other authentic evidence to verify that the modifications were carried out prior to LVV certification coming into force. Examples are an invoice from the company that carried out the modification, insurance policy cover notes and motoring magazine features provided they record the vehicle’s registration number or VIN, the modification details and a date or other information verifying when the modifications were carried out. Documents such as statements from previous owners are not acceptable.

Where the information on the modification declaration (other than the plate number) differs from the vehicle, the vehicle must be failed and sent to an appropriate LVV certifier. For example, if the vehicle has been further modified or the declaration date is incorrect for the vehicle or the modifications. See sample modification declaration for information on modification declarations).

Note 2
Confirming LVV certification

Modifications can be confirmed as certified under the LVV Code by the following means:

a) LVV certification plate riveted and glued to the vehicle in any one of the following positions:

i. within the engine compartment in a clearly visible position, or

ii. where there is insufficient available space within the engine compartment to enable the LVV certification plate to be fitted and remain clearly visible, in any one of the following locations:

(1) within the passenger compartment on the vehicle’s A-pillar or B-pillar, or

(2) in the case of a sedan, on the rear bulkhead or other prominent position within the boot area, or

(3) in the case of a van with an engine cover in the passenger compartment, on a non-removable panel steel part of the engine cover or seat frame, or

(4) in the case of a vehicle with a raised floor, on the vertical area of a step behind a door, or

(5) in the case of a hatchback or station wagon, in the spare wheel well which is accessible without the use of tools.

b) LVV authority card, linking listed vehicle modifications to the special requirements of one person.

All enquiries about the LVV process, LVV certifier locations and the issuing of LVV certification plates should be directed to the NZTA (0800 587 287) or LVVTA (04 238 4343) .

Note 3
Information on LVV plate differs from the vehicle

Where the information on the LVV plate (other than the vehicle’s registration plate) differs from the vehicle, for example where a vehicle has been further modified or returned to original, the vehicle must be failed and sent to an appropriate LVV certifier:

a) where the vehicle has been further modified or partially returned to the original condition, the LVV certifier will inspect and certify the vehicle to ensure the correct details are on the new LVV plate, or

b) where the vehicle has been fully returned to original, the LVV certifier will confirm that this has been done and remove the LVV plate from the vehicle (only an LVV certifier or delegated NZTA staff can remove an LVV plate).

3.1.3 Revocation of a WoF, CoF, temporary permit, CoL, or record of determination
1. Revocation of evidence of vehicle inspection and conditional permit [section 11.3(1) of the Rule]

The NZTA may revoke, by giving written notice to a vehicle’s operator, a WoF, CoF, conditional permit or a record of determination issued under the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002 if the NZTA believes, on reasonable grounds, that:

a) the vehicle does not comply with applicable requirements, or

b) the WoF, CoF, permit or record of determination was issued on the basis of an incorrect determination.

2. Revocation of certificate of loading [section 11.3(2) of the Rule]

The NZTA may revoke, by giving written notice to a vehicle’s operator, a certificate of loading issued for that vehicle under the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002 if the NZTA believes, on reasonable grounds, that the certificate is not valid.

3. Re-inspection and re-certification of a vehicle [section 11.4 of the Rule]

If a WoF, CoF, conditional permit, record of determination or certificate of loading has been revoked, the NZTA may require in writing that a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation:

a) repeat the inspection and certification of the vehicle, and

b) issue, if appropriate, a WoF, CoF, permit, record of determination or other evidence, and

c) meet the costs of the activities undertaken under (a) and (b).

3.1.4 Vehicles ordered off the road (green and pink stickers) [Land Transport Act 1998: section 115 and section 96]

A green sticker, which directs that the vehicle is not to be driven on a road, may be issued to the driver or owner of a vehicle by an enforcement officer who believes on reasonable grounds that a vehicle does not comply with the provisions of the regulations or rules, or that a vehicle was operated with unnecessary exhibition of speed or acceleration or sustained loss of traction. At the discretion of the enforcement officer, the green sticker notice will remain in force until:

a) the vehicle has been inspected and a new WoF or CoF has been issued, or

b) the enforcement officer has been notified in writing that the vehicle is now compliant (this type of green sticker is often referred to as ‘discretionary green sticker’ or ‘G2 sticker’). A new WoF or CoF is not required, however, instead of notifying the enforcement officer in writing, the vehicle driver/owner may choose to obtain a new WoF or CoF, which will automatically remove the flag from the NZ Police system.

A pink sticker, which directs that the vehicle is not to be driven on a road, may be issued to the driver or owner of a vehicle by an enforcement officer who believes on reasonable grounds that a vehicle is not in a safe condition to be driven on a road. A pink sticker will remain in force until the vehicle has been inspected and a new WoF or CoF has been issued.

Where a light vehicle has been ordered off the road by an enforcement officer for non-compliant exhaust noise, the vehicle must pass an LVVTA objective noise test before the vehicle may be issued with a new WoF or CoF – even if the vehicle is presented with a quieter or original exhaust system or with a previous LVV noise certification. Due to this requirement, for each green- or pink-stickered light vehicle presented for WoF or CoF and before issuing a new WoF or CoF, the vehicle inspector must check (usually by sighting the ordering-off-the-road notice or Landata):

a) whether the vehicle was ordered off the road for non-compliant exhaust noise, and

b) if (a) applies, that a valid LVVTA objective exhaust noise emissions test certificate was issued for the vehicle after the date the ordering off the road notice was issued.

A vehicle that has been green or pink stickered can only be inspected by a vehicle inspector who is employed with an inspecting organisation that does not engage in the repair of vehicles in the course of their business (other than replacing bulbs or wiper blades). This generally includes VTNZ, VINZ, NZAA and some independent testing stations. A new WoF or CoF must be issued by the inspecting organisation before the vehicle is permitted to be used on the road. Once the new WoF or CoF has been issued, the vehicle inspector removes the green or pink sticker. The flag is automatically removed from the NZ Police system.

3.1.5 Performance review
1. The NZTA may monitor and review performance [section 3.1(1) of the Rule]

The NZTA may monitor and review the performance of a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation in complying with the requirements and conditions imposed by the NZTA, including the performance of inspection and certification activities at individual sites.

The requirements and conditions are contained in this manual, the Notice of appointment and the Transport Agency’s Quality Management System (QMS) requirements.

2. Providing information to the NZTA [section 3.1(2) & (3) of the Rule]

In monitoring and reviewing performance, the NZTA may require a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation to undergo such monitoring and review and provide such information as the NZTA reasonably considers relevant. A vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation must comply with a requirement from the NZTA.

3. Costs of monitoring and review [section 3.1(4) of the Rule]

A vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation must bear the costs of the monitoring and reviewing of their performance in accordance with any prescribed fee.

Any non-payment of the required fees may result in suspension of the appointment until full payment is received.

3.1.6 Investigations
1. Investigations [section 3.2(1) of the Rule]

If the NZTA has reason to believe that a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation has failed to comply with any of the conditions of their appointment (including the Notice of appointment and Code of conduct), or has failed to comply with the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002 (the Rule) or with this manual, the NZTA may require the inspector or organisation to undergo such an investigation and to provide such information as the NZTA reasonably considers appropriate.

2. Notification of action (suspension or revocation, but not immediate suspension or imposition of conditions) [section 3.2(3) of the Rule]

Following an investigation and before carrying out action, the NZTA must notify the vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation in writing of:

a) the action that is being considered, and

b) the reasons for the action that is being considered, and

c) the date by which submissions may be made to the NZTA in respect of the action that is being considered, which must be at least 21 days after the notice is given, and

d) where appropriate, the date on which the action that is being considered will take effect, which, unless the NZTA determines otherwise, must be at least 28 days after the notice is given.

3. Responding to a notification of action [section 3.2(5) of the Rule]

If a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation is notified as above, they must ensure that all information that they wish the NZTA to consider in relation to the action that is being considered is received by the NZTA within the period specified in the notice or within any further period that the NZTA may allow.

4. The NZTA must consider submissions [section 3.2(6) of the Rule]

The NZTA must consider the submissions made and information supplied, and must:

a) decide whether or not to take the action that is being considered, and

b) as soon as is practicable, provide written notification to the vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation of:

i. the NZTA’s decision, and

ii. if appropriate, the date on which the action is to take effect, and

iii. if appropriate, the right of appeal under section 106 of the Land Transport Act 1998.

5. Remedial action, suspension, revocation [section 3.2(2) of the Rule]

If, following an investigation, the NZTA is satisfied that the vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation has failed to comply with any of the conditions of their appointment (including the Notice of appointment and Code of conduct), or failed to comply with the Rule or this manual, NZTA may do one or more of the following:

a) require that remedial action, such as training, be undertaken by the inspector or organisation

b) suspend the whole or any part of the appointment of the inspector or organisation for a specified period or until specified conditions are met

c) revoke the whole or any part of the appointment of the inspector or organisation.

6. Immediate suspension or imposing of conditions [section 3.3(1) of the Rule]

If the NZTA has reason to believe that a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation has failed to comply with a condition of their appointment (including the Notice of appointment and Code of conduct) or with the Rule or this manual, and that this presents a significant risk to land transport safety, the NZTA may suspend, with immediate effect, the whole or any part of the appointment, or impose any conditions on the appointment.

7. Notification of immediate suspension or imposing of conditions [section 3.3(2) of the Rule]

Where the NZTA suspends the whole or any part of an appointment, or imposes conditions on the appointment, the NZTA must notify the vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation in writing of:

a) the grounds for the suspension or imposing of conditions

b) the fact that the inspector or organisation may make submissions to the NZTA

c) the right of appeal under section 106 of the Land Transport Act 1998.

8. The NZTA must consider submissions following immediate suspension or imposition of conditions [section 3.3(3) of the Rule]

The NZTA must, as soon as is practicable, consider any submission made and notify the inspector or inspecting organisation in writing of the result of any such consideration.

9. Duration of immediate suspension or imposing of conditions [section 3.3(5) of the Rule]

A suspension or condition imposed remains in force until the NZTA has determined the action to be taken and that action has been taken.

10. Withdrawal of immediate suspension or imposing of conditions [section 3.3(4) of the Rule]

The NZTA may at any time withdraw a suspension or condition imposed.

11. Right of appeal [section 3.3(6) of the Rule]

A vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation may appeal under section 106 of the Land Transport Act 1998 against a decision by the NZTA to immediately suspend or impose conditions.

12. Costs of investigations [section 3.2(7) of the Rule]

The NZTA may require a vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation to bear the costs associated with an investigation or remedial action in accordance with any prescribed fee.

13. Obligation to comply [section 3.2(8) of the Rule]

A vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation must comply with a requirement of the NZTA in relation to paragraphs 1, 5, and 12.

top

Page amended 1 May 2017 (see amendment details).

3-2 Identifying the vehicle class

The table of vehicle classes - Table 3-2-1, and the charts in Figure 3-2-1 (four-wheeled vehicles), Figure 3-2-2 (three-wheeled vehicles), Figure 3-2-3 (two-wheeled vehicles) and Figure 3-2-4 (trailers) identify the class of the vehicle that is to be inspected.

Confirm that the vehicle inspector and inspecting organisation have been appointed by the NZTA for the purpose of inspecting and certifying vehicles for a WoF or CoF specific to the class of vehicle that has been presented.

Table 3-2-1. Vehicle equipment standards classifications
ClassDescription
AA (Pedal cycle)

A vehicle designed to be propelled through a mechanism solely by human power.

AB (Power-assisted pedal cycle)

A pedal cycle to which is attached one or more auxiliary propulsion motors having a combined maximum power output not exceeding 300 watts.

For further information visit the Transport Agency website's Low powered vehicles page.

LA (Moped with two wheels)*

A motor vehicle (other than a power-assisted pedal cycle) that:

  • has two wheels; and
  • either:
    • has an engine cylinder capacity not exceeding 50ml and a maximum speed not exceeding 50km/h; or
    • has a power source other than a piston engine and a maximum speed not exceeding 50km/h.
LB (Moped with three wheels)

A motor vehicle (other than a power-assisted pedal cycle) that:

  • has three wheels; and
  • either:
    • has an engine cylinder capacity not exceeding 50ml and a maximum speed not exceeding 50km/h; or
    • has a power source other than a piston engine and a maximum speed not exceeding 50km/h.

An LB 1 motor vehicle has one wheel at the front and two wheels at the rear. An LB 2 motor vehicle has two wheels at the front and one wheel at the rear.

LC (Motorcycle)

A motor vehicle that:

  • has two wheels; and
  • either:
    • has an engine cylinder capacity exceeding 50ml; or
    • has a maximum speed exceeding 50km/h.
LD (Motorcycle and side-car)

A motor vehicle that:

  • has three wheels asymmetrically arranged in relation to the longitudinal median axis; and
  • either:
    • has an engine cylinder capacity exceeding 50ml; or
    • has a maximum speed exceeding 50km/h.
Side-car

A car, box or other receptacle attached to the side of a motorcycle and supported by a wheel.

LE (Motor tri-cycle)

A motor vehicle that:

  • has three wheels symmetrically arranged in relation to the longitudinal median axis; and
  • has a gross vehicle mass not exceeding one tonne; and
  • either:
    • has an engine cylinder capacity exceeding 50ml; or
    • has a maximum speed exceeding 50km/h.

An LE 1 motor vehicle has one wheel at the front and two wheels at the rear. An LE 2 motor vehicle has two wheels at the front and one wheel at the rear.

Passenger vehicle

A motor vehicle that:

  • is constructed primarily for the carriage of passengers; and
  • either:
    • has at least four wheels; or
    • has three wheels and a gross vehicle mass exceeding one tonne.
MA (Passenger car)

A passenger vehicle (other than a class MB or class MC vehicle) that has not more than nine seating positions (including the driver's seating position).

MB (Forward control passenger vehicle)

A passenger vehicle (other than a class MC vehicle):

  • that has not more than nine seating positions (including the driver's seating position); and
  • in which the centre of the steering wheel is in the forward quarter of the vehicle's total length.
MC (Off-road passenger vehicle)

A passenger vehicle, designed with special features for off-road operation, that has not more than nine seating positions (including the driver's seating position), and that:

  • has four-wheel drive; and
  • has at least four of the following characteristics when the vehicle is unladen on a level surface and the front wheels are parallel to the vehicle's longitudinal centre-line and the tyres are inflated to the vehicle manufacturer's recommended pressure:
    • an approach angle of not less than 28 degrees;
    • a breakover angle of not less than 14 degrees;
    • a departure angle of not less than 20 degrees;
    • a running clearance of not less than 200mm;
    • a front-axle clearance, rear-axle clearance or suspension clearance of not less than 175mm.
Omnibus

A passenger vehicle that has more than nine seating positions (including the driver's seating position). An omnibus comprising two or more non-separable but articulated units shall be considered as a single vehicle.

MD (Light omnibus)

An omnibus that has a gross vehicle mass not exceeding 5 tonnes.

MD 1

An omnibus that has a gross vehicle mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes and not more than 12 seats.

MD 2

An omnibus that has a gross vehicle mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes and more than 12 seats.

MD 3

An omnibus that has a gross vehicle mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes but not exceeding 4.5 tonnes.

MD 4

An omnibus that has a gross vehicle mass exceeding 4.5 tonnes but not exceeding 5 tonnes.

ME (Heavy omnibus)

An omnibus that has a gross vehicle mass exceeding 5 tonnes.

Goods vehicle

A motor vehicle that:

  • is constructed primarily for the carriage of goods; and
  • either:
    • has at least four wheels; or
    • has three wheels and a gross vehicle mass exceeding one tonne.

For the purpose of this description:

  • a vehicle that is constructed for both the carriage of goods and passengers shall be considered primarily for the carriage of goods if the number of seating positions multiplied by 68kg is less than 50 percent of the difference between the gross vehicle mass and the unladen mass
  • the equipment and installations carried on special purpose vehicles not designed for the carriage of passengers shall be considered to be goods
  • a goods vehicle that has two or more non-separable but articulated units shall be considered to be a single vehicle.
NA (Light goods vehicle)

A goods vehicle that has a gross vehicle mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes.

NB (Medium goods vehicle)

A goods vehicle that has a gross vehicle mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes but not exceeding 12 tonnes.

NC (Heavy goods vehicle)

A goods vehicle that has a gross vehicle mass exceeding 12 tonnes.

Trailer

A vehicle without motive power that is constructed for the purpose of being drawn behind a motor vehicle.

TA (Very light trailer)

A single-axled trailer that has a gross vehicle mass not exceeding 0.75 tonnes.

TB (Light trailer)

A trailer (other than a class TA trailer) that has a gross vehicle mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes.

TC (Medium trailer)

A trailer that has a gross vehicle mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes but not exceeding 10 tonnes.

TD (Heavy trailer)

A trailer that has a gross vehicle mass exceeding 10 tonnes.

Figure 3-2-1. Vehicle class logic chart – four-wheeled vehicles

5

Figure 3-2-2. Vehicle class logic chart – three-wheeled vehicles

5

Figure 3-2-3. Vehicle class logic chart – two-wheeled vehicles

5

3-2-4. Vehicle class logic chart – trailers

5

3-3 Establishing whether the vehicle requires a WoF or CoF


The lists below show the type of inspection and certification (WoF or CoF) that is required for the different types of vehicles.

3.3.1 Certificate of Fitness (CoF) (Note 1)

A CoF is required for the following vehicles:

  • Heavy vehicles, other than those listed under WoF below.
  • Passenger service vehicles (including MD2 vehicles), other than those listed under WoF below.
  • Rental service vehicles (except light rental trailers – these only require a WoF).
  • Vehicle recovery service vehicles.
3.3.2 Warrant of Fitness (WoF)

A WoF is required for the following vehicles:

1. Vehicles that are not listed under certificate of fitness (section 3.3.1) or that are not listed as a vehicle not requiring a WoF or CoF (section 3.3.3).

2. Tractors (other than agricultural tractors), or machines used solely in non-agricultural, land management or roading operations, whether for traction or otherwise, that are operated at a speed exceeding 30km/h.

3. Class MA, MB or MC vehicles that, in the carriage of passengers for hire or reward:

a) are used solely for transporting not more than seven schoolchildren, and

b) do not exceed the designed adult passenger capacity of the vehicle by more than two schoolchildren.

4. Vehicles that are lawfully affixed with and operated under the authority of trade plates.

5. Vehicles used by the New Zealand Defence Force that are being used to convey persons who would otherwise use public transport during a period in which any public transport in New Zealand is suspended.

6. Motor caravans that:

a) have an original manufacturer’s rating of 3750kg or less, and

b) were registered in New Zealand as motor caravans before 1 January 1992.

7. Vehicles that are used on a public highway only in connection with the inspection, servicing or repair of the vehicle or for the purpose of allowing any person to sit a practical driving test in that vehicle.

8. Vehicles used on roads only in road construction zones in accordance with notices declaring those zones.

9. Vehicles that are used on a road only when crossing or proceeding along a section of the road where the vehicles have been authorised to operate by an authorisation of a road-controlling authority that requires:

a) a written agreement by the vehicle’s operator or the person for whom the vehicle is being operated, to construct, reconstruct, maintain or restore to the satisfaction of the road-controlling authority all or part of the road used by the vehicle, and

b) the erection and maintenance of warning devices, signs or control devices as required by the road-controlling authority and the NZTA, and

c) where the use of the road does not consist solely of the direct crossing of the road, the prior approval of the NZTA.

10. Light rental trailers.

11. Motor vehicles designed exclusively or principally as part of the armament of the New Zealand Defence Force.

12. The vehicles listed in the table below - these vehicles require a WoF only as far as is practicable for their design or type:

a) vehicles propelled and supported solely by self-laying tracks

b) motor vehicles exclusively designed and used on a road for driving, carrying or propelling any of the following, which must be permanently attached to the vehicle:

i. aerodrome runway sweepers

ii. electrical substations

iii. filters for transformer oil

iv. log haulers that are stationary when hauling logs

v. aeroengine test benches

c) tractors owned by a local authority and used exclusively for the construction, maintenance or mowing of stopbanks and the banks of rivers, streams, drains, canals or other watercourses

d) mobile or movable huts, galleys or similar vehicles that are used on a road solely in connection with the construction or maintenance of roads

e) tractors used exclusively for shunting railway rolling stock

f) forklifts

g) aerodrome crash fire tenders that are used on a road only in emergencies

h) trailers while being drawn by a vehicle as stated in (b) to (g) above

i) motor vehicles used exclusively in connection with the embarking and disembarking of ships’ passengers or for loading and unloading ships’ mails, cargo and passengers’ baggage, and used on a public highway only when proceeding unladen from one wharf to another wharf or from their usual place of storage to a wharf and returning to that place of storage

j) cable jinkers

k) front-end loaders

l) log skidders

m) tractor cranes

n) rough-terrain cranes

o) mobile crushing and screening plant machines which are mounted on trailers

p) motor graders

q) motor scrapers

r) trailer scrapers

s) plant for servicing oil-filled cables

t) post debarkers

u) saw bench apparatus

v) forestry chippers (designed and used exclusively in the operation or management of a forest)

w) tree feller bunchers

x) trench diggers and excavators

y) vehicles that are always used unladen on the road and that are designed exclusively for carrying earth or other bulk materials

z) mobile concrete mixers that are mounted on tractors

aa) a vehicle that is similar in design, construction or purpose to a vehicle listed above that cannot be categorised by vehicle class.

bb) an agricultural motor vehicle that is operated at a speed exceeding 40km/h.
cc) all-terrain vehicles (other than those listed in 3.3.3 Vehicles that do not require a WoF or CoF).
3.3.3 Vehicles that do not require a WoF or CoF

The vehicles listed in the table below do not require a WoF or CoF:

a) a vehicle of class AB, LA or LB

b) an armoured vehicle used exclusively as equipment of the New Zealand Defence Force

c) a traction engine

d) a mechanically propelled roller

e) a crane fitted with self-laying tracks

f) an excavator fitted with self-laying tracks

g) a tractor (other than an agricultural tractor), or a machine used solely in non-agricultural, land management or roading operations, whether for traction or otherwise, that is not operated at a speed exceeding 30km/h, together with any trailer operated only while being towed by that tractor or machine

h) a trailer designed exclusively for agricultural purposes and not operated except when being:

i. delivered from a manufacturer to the manufacturer’s agent, or

ii. taken to or from an agricultural show for display or demonstration purposes, or

iii. delivered from a manufacturer or a manufacturer’s agent to a farm or an agricultural contractor

iv. proceeding to or from a farm, or

v. when being inspected, serviced or repaired.

i) a vehicle normally propelled by mechanical power while it is being temporarily towed without the use of its own power

j) an all-terrain vehicle used:

i. in moving from the operator’s place of residence to a road that is not a public highway, when the distance travelled is less than 3km, or

ii. in connection with its inspection, servicing or repair, or

iii. as an agricultural vehicle.

k) an agricultural motor vehicle that is operated at a speed not exceeding 40km/h.
Note 1

A vehicle that does not require inspection for regular use still does not need inspection if operated in a transport service (eg rental mopeds).

Page amended 1 November 2015 (see amendment details).

3-4 Establishing whether the vehicle may be inspected for a WoF or CoF

Before a vehicle can be inspected for the purpose of issuing a WoF or CoF, it must meet one of the following requirements:

a) the number on the registration plate(s) is the same as that stated on the licence label, and the label correctly describes the vehicle and is current, or

b) the number on the registration plate(s) is the same as that stated on the licence label, and the label correctly describes the vehicle and has not been expired for more than 12 months or de-registered, or

c) it has been certified for entry or re-entry into service within the previous two years, but has not been registered, or

d) The number on the registration plate(s) is the same as that stated on the licence label, and the label correctly describes the vehicle and has expired more than 12 months ago, but the vehicle has a current licence exemption (‘restoration register’), or

e) it is a vehicle that is listed in the table below, which does not require certification for entry or re-entry.

a) class TA or TB trailers

b) tractors (other than agricultural tractors) or machines, including trailers, for use solely in non-agricultural, land management or roading operations, whether for traction or otherwise that are operated at a speed exceeding 30km/h

c) pedestrian-controlled goods service vehicles

d) vehicles used on roads only in road construction zones in accordance with notices declaring those zones

e) vehicles that are used on a road only when crossing or proceeding along a section of the road where the vehicles have been authorised to operate by an authorisation of a road-controlling authority that requires:

i. a written agreement by the vehicle’s operator or the person for whom the vehicle is being operated, to construct, reconstruct, maintain or restore to the satisfaction of the road-controlling authority all or part of the road used by the vehicle, and

ii. the erection and maintenance of warning devices, signs or control devices as required by the road-controlling authority and the NZTA, and

iii. where the use of the road does not consist solely of the direct crossing of the road, the prior approval of the NZTA

f) all-terrain vehicles

g) motor vehicles exclusively designed and used on a road for driving, carrying or propelling any of the following, which must be permanently attached to the vehicle:

i. aerodrome runway sweepers

ii. electrical substations

iii. filters for transformer oil

iv. log haulers that are stationary when hauling logs

v. aeroengine test benches

h) tractors owned by a local authority and used exclusively for the construction, maintenance or mowing of stopbanks and the banks of rivers, streams, drains, canals or other watercourses

i) mobile or movable huts, galleys or similar vehicles that are used on a road solely in connection with the construction or maintenance of roads

j) tractors used exclusively for shunting railway rolling stock

k) forklifts

l) aerodrome crash fire tenders that are used on a road only in emergencies

m) trailers while being drawn by a vehicle as stated in (b) to (l) above

n) motor vehicles used exclusively in connection with the embarking and disembarking of ships’ passengers or for loading and unloading ships’ mails, cargo and passengers’ baggage, and used on a public highway only when proceeding unladen from one wharf to another wharf or from their usual place of storage to a wharf and returning to that place of storage

o) cable jinkers

p) front-end loaders

q) log skidders

r) tractor cranes

s) rough-terrain cranes

t) mobile crushing and screening plant machines which are mounted on trailers

u) motor graders

v) motor scrapers

w) trailer scrapers

x) plant for servicing oil-filled cables

y) post debarkers

z) saw bench apparatus

aa) forestry chippers

bb) tree feller bunchers

cc) trench diggers and excavators

dd) vehicles that are always used unladen on the road and that are designed exclusively for carrying earth or other bulk materials

ee) mobile concrete mixers that are mounted on tractors

ff) a vehicle that is similar in design, construction or purpose to a vehicle listed above that cannot be categorised by vehicle class

gg) a vehicle that is registered for use on a road in a country other than New Zealand and that is not going to be in New Zealand for a continuous period of more than 18 months.

hh) an agricultural motor vehicle.

Page amended 14 October 2013 (see amendment details).

3-5 Establishing whether the vehicle complies

1. Select the relevant section that relates to vehicle inspection requirements for the vehicle class. For temporary import vehicles on overseas registration plates, please refer to Technical bulletin 6.

2. Visually inspect the vehicle to determine whether the vehicle complies with the requirements set out in this manual (see clause 3.1.2.2 of the Introduction). Vehicle inspectors are not required to remove vehicle components during the inspection of the vehicle.

3. The vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation may refuse to inspect a vehicle which:

a) is presented in such a condition that inspection is unreasonably difficult or cannot be completed (components missing, covered in dirt, etc) or

b) has an insecure load.

4. Where the vehicle inspector determines that a Reason for rejection or clause 3.1.2.2 of the Introduction to this manual applies to a vehicle, the vehicle inspector must reject the vehicle for certification.

5. Where the vehicle inspector requires further information in order to determine compliance with the requirements, the inspector must reject the vehicle until the information has been obtained.

6. Where a vehicle has changed use to a passenger service vehicle since it was last certified for entry or in-service (ie the vehicle enters service as a passenger service vehicle), the vehicle inspector must have written confirmation (in the form of a PSV entry checksheet) that the vehicle complies with the PSV requirements in the VIRM: Entry certification before it can pass certificate of fitness inspection.

3-6 Checksheets

Applicable legislation: Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002, section 2.3.

1. A checksheet that has been approved by the NZTA must be used. To get a checksheet approved, see:

2. The checksheet must be completed fully and accurately and the writing must be clearly legible on the original and the duplicate page. The vehicle inspector must sign the checksheet once he/she has completed the inspection and determined that the vehicle has either passed or failed the inspection.

3. Where parts of a vehicle are inspected by different people, all those inspecting the vehicle must be vehicle inspectors. The checksheet must record which inspector inspected which part of the vehicle. One vehicle inspector must take overall responsibility for the inspection of the vehicle and that vehicle inspector must sign the checksheet.

4. A vehicle inspector can determine one of two outcomes:

a) Passed inspection: record the ‘determination’ as stated in section 3-7 and issue a WoF label or CoF label or temporary permit

b) Failed inspection: record the ‘determination’ as stated in section 3-7 . The reasons for the failed inspection must be clearly stated on the checksheet.

5. The customer copy (usually the original) of the completed checksheet must be supplied to the vehicle owner or operator. The agent copy (usually the duplicate) is retained by the inspecting organisation.


For information on rechecks and reinspections see 3-11 Rechecks.

Page amended 1 June 2018 (see amendment details).

3-7 Recording the inspection outcome (‘determination’)


Applicable legislation: Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002, section 7.6

1. The inspection outcome is recorded in either the WoF Online system or the LATIS system.

2. The inspection details must be entered into the system before the vehicle leaves the inspecting organisation’s premises. This ensures that:

a) the vehicle can be relicensed by the vehicle owner

b) the correct inspection frequency can be ascertained

c) any restrictions placed on the vehicle are identified before issuing a WoF or CoF, such as a ban flag or a pink or green sticker.

3. Inspection details entered into the system must be accurate at the time the vehicle was inspected. This includes updating the odometer and hubodometer readings when a vehicle is re-presented for inspection.

4. For vehicles required to operate under a TSL, vehicle inspectors must also collect and record in the system the TSL number for both passed and failed inspections, and when issuing temporary permits.

3.7.1 WoF Online

1. The inspection details must be entered into the WoF Online system on the day of inspection in either:

a) express mode,

b) pass re-check mode (use this where a vehicle is failed, repaired then passes a WoF inspection without leaving the inspecting organisation site. This mode will record a fail and a pass in one transaction), or

c) normal mode.

  • Note Inspecting organisations must have the NZTA flow charts that show how to use the WoF Online system (express mode and recheck mode are mandatory; normal mode is optional).

2. Where the inspecting organisation wishes to issue WoFs but is unable to obtain the necessary authorisation numbers from the WoF Online system, several options are available:

a) The NZTA computer system is not working: the vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation must use the checksheet number as the system authorisation number. The OFF-LINE box on the reverse side of the WoF label must be ticked.

b) The inspecting organisation’s computer terminal is not working: the inspecting organisation must contact TRC Agent Help Desk (0800 804 580) who may grant permission for the inspecting organisation to continue to issue off-line WoFs.

c) The WoF Online system goes down during WoF entry: the vehicle inspector needs to ask the customer if they intend to relicense the vehicle in the next 24 hours. If NO, the WoF details should be keyed in as soon as possible. If YES, the vehicle inspector must fax or email a copy of the checksheet directly to the Transport Agency (fax 06 953 6406, email inspections@nzta.govt.nz) with a covering note of explanation. When the system is working again they must check to see if the WoF information is in the system. If not, the vehicle inspector must key the WoF in themselves to minimise any inconvenience to the customer. If it is, they must make a record of the system authorisation number, to cross reference on their copy of the checksheet.

3. To check whether or not a vehicle has a current WoF, select ‘View WoF result’ and enter the vehicle’s registration number. One of three screen displays are possible:

Case 1:

Screen message:

Problem This plate is not attached to a vehicle. If the plate number is incorrect, overtype with the correct plate number and click on the Continue button. If the plate number is correct, advise owner that a plate must be attached before a WoF can be issued. This can be done at an NZTA Plate Agent.

The error message means that:

The vehicle is not currently registered (never registered, registration cancelled, or registration lapsed because the licence label has been expired for more than 12 months).

Action:

A WoF must not be issued. The vehicle should be referred to an entry inspecting organisation for entry or re-entry inspection and certification.

Case 2:

Screen message:

Plate Number: PX8961

Blue 1991 Holden Commodore

Exec Saloon Passenger CarVan

System Authorisation Number: 81-487

Inspection Date: 08/02/2006

Expires: 6 months

AVIC ID: MS62621

The screen message means that:

The vehicle is currently registered, licenced and has a current WoF.

Action:

A new WoF may be issued, or, if necessary, a duplicate WoF may be issued.

Case 3:

Screen message:

Problem This vehicle does not have a current WoF.

The error message means that:

The vehicle has a registration plate attached, but the licence label has been expired for less than 12 months, and the WoF has expired.

Action:

A WoF may be issued.

Case 4:

The vehicle is unregistered and presented for inspection operating on trade plates. The vehicle must match the description on either:

  • form 4085 or MR2A, or
  • the expired licence label.

4. Calculate the WoF expiry date as specified in clause 3.8.1.

3.7.2 LATIS

The procedures for keying inspections into LATIS are given in the LATIS users’ manual.

Page amended 1 November 2014 (see amendment details).

3-8 Issuing the WoF or CoF label - ‘evidence of vehicle inspection’ - or temporary permit


Applicable legislation: Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002, sections 7.9 and 9

3.8.1 Expiry dates
Expiry date of the WoF

The WoF expiry date is calculated from the reference date. The reference dates are:

  • For a vehicle with an expired WoF or without a previous WoF: the date the vehicle passes the inspection
  • For a vehicle with a current WoF expiring in 14 days or less after the vehicle passes the inspection: the expiry date of the current WoF
  • For a vehicle with a current WoF expiring in more than 14 days after the vehicle passes the inspection: the date that is 14 days after the vehicle passes the inspection
  • For a vehicle that has been issued with a pink or green sticker (other than a ‘G2’ green sticker) or that has its WoF revoked: the date the vehicle passes the inspection.

The WoF expiry date must be determined as follows:

Vehicle

Date of first registration anywhere or vehicle age

WoF expiry

Light motor vehicle
(other than an agricultural motor vehicle)

Never registered anywhere previously and not yet registered in New Zealand

3 years from reference date

Any WoF issued within 2 years from date of first registration anywhere

Third anniversary of date of first registration anywhere

First registered anywhere on or after 1/1/2000 (other than a vehicle listed above)12 months from reference date

First registered anywhere before 1/1/2000

6 months from reference date

Heavy motor vehicle (CoF exempt)
(other than an agricultural motor vehicle)

Never registered anywhere previously

12 months from reference date

Less than six years old from date of first registration anywhere

12 months from reference date

Six years or older from date of first registration anywhere

6 months from reference date

Agricultural motor vehicle

Any age

12 months from reference date

Important note: A vehicle’s date of first registration anywhere is generally not available to the WoF inspector. Where it is important to know the exact date to determine the correct expiry date, the vehicle inspector must identify the correct expiry date on Landata or WoF-online BEFORE issuing a WoF label.
Expiry date of the CoF

The CoF expiry date is calculated from the reference date. The reference dates are:

  • For a vehicle with an expired CoF or without a previous CoF: the date the vehicle passes the inspection
  • For a vehicle with a current CoF expiring in 28 days or less after the vehicle passes the inspection: the expiry date of the current CoF
  • For a vehicle with a current CoF expiring in more than 28 days after the vehicle passes the inspection: the date that is 28 days after the vehicle passes the inspection
  • For a vehicle that has been issued with a pink or green sticker (other than a ‘G2’ green sticker) or that has its CoF or temporary permit revoked: the date the vehicle passes the inspection.

The CoF expiry date must be either:

a) six months from the reference date, or

b) between three and 12 months from the reference date (for vehicles for which NZTA have specified an alternative CoF expiry date), or

c) for a class MA rental vehicle that was new when it was first registered in New Zealand as a rental service vehicle:

i. 12 months from the date the vehicle passes its first CoF inspection, then

ii. six months from the reference date for any subsequent CoF inspections.

Important note: As a vehicle may be on a CoF frequency other than six months, the vehicle inspector must identify the correct expiry date BEFORE issuing a CoF label.
Expiry date of a temporary permit (CoF vehicles only)

The expiry date is 28 days after the date of issue of the permit.

When a WoF, CoF or temporary permit ceases to be current

A WoF, CoF or temporary permit ceases to be current:

a) after its expiry date , or

b) if the vehicle has been green or pink stickered and a new WoF or CoF is required (note that a new WoF or CoF is not required for a ‘G2’ green sticker so the existing expiry date remains unaffected), or

c) if the WoF, CoF or temporary permit has been revoked by a person authorised by the NZTA.

3.8.2 Completing and affixing the WoF or CoF label
Completing the WoF label
Figure 3-8-1. Warrant of fitness (WoF) label (for expiry dates from 2014 onwards)

If the vehicle passes the WoF inspection, the new WoF label must be completed in the following manner:

a) Front side:

i. select the WoF label with the correct year of expiry of the WoF, and

ii. using a hole punch of at least 6mm diameter, punch out the appropriate numbers representing the month and year of the WoF expiry date.

b) Reverse side: record the:

i. name of the inspecting organisation (a business stamp is acceptable), and

ii. vehicle registration number, and

iii. system authorisation number, and

iv. full expiry date of the WoF.

Each WoF label has a unique serial number printed on three places of the reverse side. The two small serial number stickers on the left are for cross referencing of the inspection documentation. The vehicle inspector must remove both serial number stickers and attach one to the file copy of the checksheet and the other to the customer’s copy of the checksheet.

Affixing the WoF label

The WoF label must be affixed by the vehicle inspector or a delegated employee of the inspecting organisation in one of the following positions:

a) if the vehicle is fitted with a windscreen:

i. to the inside of the windscreen facing outwards on the same side as the steering wheel, and

ii. as close as possible to the edge of the windscreen where it is clearly visible from the outside and is not obscured by an anti-glare band or sticker

b) for a trailer, on the back of the vehicle near the registration plate, or on the right-hand side of the vehicle at the rear, or if this is impracticable, in a position where it can readily be seen

c) for any other vehicle, in a position where it can readily be seen.

Not more than one WoF label may be displayed at one time. When issuing a new WoF label, the vehicle inspector or a delegated employee of the inspecting organisation must remove the existing label.

Completing the CoF label
Figure 3-8-2. Certificate of Fitness (CoF) label details

If the vehicle passes the CoF inspection, the new CoF label must be completed in the following manner:

a) Front side:

i. select the CoF label with the correct year of expiry of the CoF, and

ii. using a hole punch of at least 6mm diameter:

-punch out the appropriate numbers representing the month and year of the CoF expiry date if using the CoF label in Figure 3-8-2.

b) Reverse side: record the:

i. vehicle registration number, and

ii. vehicle make, and

iii. full expiry date of the CoF, and

iv. name of the inspecting organisation.

c) Label record (butt): record the:

i. vehicle registration number, and

ii. date the CoF is issued, and

iii. full expiry date of the CoF, and

iv. signature of the vehicle inspector.

Each CoF label has a unique serial number which must be recorded on both copies of the checksheet.

Affixing the CoF label

The CoF label must be affixed by the vehicle inspector or a delegated employee of the inspecting organisation in one of the following positions:

a) if the vehicle is fitted with a windscreen:

i. to the inside of the windscreen facing outwards, on the same side as the steering wheel, and

ii. as close as possible to the edge of the windscreen where it is clearly visible from the outside and is not obscured by an anti-glare band

b) for a trailer, on the back of the vehicle near the registration plate, or on the right-hand side of the vehicle at the rear, or if this is impracticable, in a position where it can readily be seen

c) for any other vehicle, in a position where it can readily be seen.

Not more than one CoF label may be displayed at one time. When issuing a new CoF label, the vehicle inspector must remove the existing label.

3.8.3 Completing the temporary permit (’28 day permit’ for CoF vehicles only)
Figure 3-8-3. Temporary permit (28 day permit for CoF vehicles)

This permit may be issued by an inspecting organisation in the case of a vehicle that does not comply with all applicable requirements, but is safe to be operated subject to specified conditions. The completed permit must be carried in the vehicle.

The permit must be completed in the following manner:

Record the:

1. vehicle registration number, and

2. expiry date of the permit, and

3. validity period of 28 days, and

4. class of the vehicle, and

5. make and model, and

6. VIN or chassis number, and

7. name of the registered owner, and

8. registered owner’s business address, and

9. specified conditions relating to the vehicle’s operation, and

10. date of issue of the permit, and

11. signature of the vehicle inspector.

  • These details must be clearly legible on both copies of the permit.
  • Each permit has a unique serial number which must be recorded on both copies of the checksheet.

Page amended 1 November 2014 (see amendment details).

3-9 Collecting fees

Applicable legislation: Land Transport (Certification and Other Fees) Regulations 2014.

3.9.1 Application for inspection and certification of vehicles for in-service

The fee to be paid by an applicant for inspection and certification of a vehicle for in-service (WoF, CoF or permit) is the amount fixed by the inspecting organisation that is reasonable, having regard to:

a) the time spent in inspecting the vehicle to ascertain whether it complies with the relevant requirements, and

b) any fees payable to the NZTA, and

c) any standard or usual rate at which the inspecting organisation imposes charges for other work carried out in respect of motor vehicles.

Where a vehicle fails a WoF inspection, no additional fee is payable for any subsequent inspection by the same inspecting organisation for the purpose of the same certification, if such application is made within 28 days of the first inspection for the issue of the evidence of vehicle inspection. A fee is payable for an inspection if the vehicle is presented after the 28 days have lapsed.

  • For more information on rechecks and reinspections see 3-11 Rechecks.
3.9.2 Duplicate evidence of vehicle inspection

The inspecting organisation or vehicle inspector may charge a reasonable fee for providing a duplicate of an evidence of vehicle inspection.

When issuing a duplicate WoF or CoF label, the same requirements apply as for the original label as specified in section 3.8, that is, it must be attached by the vehicle inspector or delegated employee, and only one label may be attached to the vehicle at any time.

Page amended 1 June 2018 (see amendment details).

3-10 Operating a vehicle without a current WoF or CoF

A person must not operate a vehicle on the road unless it has a current WoF/CoF and complies with WoF/CoF requirements.

A person may legally operate a vehicle with an expired WoF/CoF ONLY if the vehicle is being operated SOLELY for the purpose of bringing it into compliance, and provided the vehicle is safe to be operated for that purpose.

The 28 days given after a failed WoF/CoF only relate to the payment of inspection fees and when a new inspection starts, see sections 3.6.6 and 3.9. The 28 days do NOT allow a person to continue using the vehicle for a purpose other than for bringing the vehicle into compliance.

Where a vehicle still has a current WoF/CoF when it is failed, it must be brought up to compliance before it can again be operated for other purposes up to the date the WoF/CoF expires.

3-11 Rechecks

If a vehicle fails a WoF inspection, there is no fee for any subsequent inspection as long as it is done:

  • within 28 days of the first inspection where the vehicle failed, and
  • at the same inspecting organisation (does not have to be the same site if the inspecting organisation operates at more than one site).

Notes

  • In the case of split testing for heavy vehicle brakes at CoF, the 28 days start from the completion of the second phase of the split test.
  • A fee may be charged for CoF reinspections.

A fee is payable, and a new WoF or CoF inspection is required if the vehicle is presented after the 28 days have passed.

Legislation

Land Transport (Certification and Other Fees) Regulations 2014

Page added 1 June 2018 (see amendment details).

4 Complaints

Customers should be encouraged to direct any complaints to the inspecting organisation in the first instance.

To ensure all written complaints received are investigated, the inspecting organisation must maintain an effective complaint management process, which must meet the following requirements:

1. a clear and concise statement that recognises the positive value of complaints

2. clear and concise instructions to all customers on how to register a complaint. This can be accomplished in several ways, for example:

a) a conspicuous notice on the workplace wall, or

b) a clear statement on any receipt or invoice issued, or

c) a clear statement on the inspecting organisation’s checksheet

3. a straightforward explanation of the expected standards for resolution and the customer’s right to appeal to the NZTA if they are dissatisfied with the proposed resolution

4. documentation of any investigation into a complaint prepared in accordance with the QMS requirements so that details of the investigation can be readily checked

5. acknowledgment of all written complaints in writing within three working days, and the investigation completed and a resolution proposed to the complainant within 20 working days of the complaint being made

6. a record of all complaints, both verbal and written, in accordance with the QMS requirements

7. directions for any customer who wishes to make a complaint or appeal a decision made by an inspecting organisation to contact the NZTA Helpdesk (0800 699 000).

Dealing with disputed failed CoF inspections for vehicles subject to the Operator Rating System (ORS)

Where the operator of a vehicle subject to ORS queries a failed inspection, please follow the Operator issue resolution process – disputed failed inspections in section 3-9-3 of the LATIS manual (password required).

Vehicle operators may be referred to the Transport Agency website for more information about querying failed CoF inspection results.

Page amended 1 November 2014 (see amendment details).

5 Inspection premises and equipment


5.1 General requirements
  • The inspecting organisation must continue to comply with the applicable requirements in this section.
  • The inspecting organisation must maintain their premises and equipment in a good state of repair at all times while conducting inspection and certification activities.
  • The inspecting organisation must use any specified equipment when inspecting a vehicle, where appropriate.
  • Inspection equipment must meet equipment manufacturer’s requirements and have current calibration.
  • Brake performance testing equipment must be calibrated at least every 12 months, or more frequently if required by the equipment manufacturer, or following any maintenance that may alter the calibration.
  • Inspections must take place in the inspection area, using the approved or specified equipment, unless otherwise permitted by the Transport Agency.
  • It is the IO’s responsibility to ensure that the inspection premises and equipment it uses comply with Occupational Health and Safety requirements, and any other relevant Acts, regulations and local bylaws.
5.2 Administration requirements

Feature

Minimum requirement

Examples and things to consider

Administration

  • Access to the vehicle inspection portal for the VIRMs, forms, news and other information relevant to vehicle inspections
  • Access to WoF-online and user charts, or access to Landata and the agents portal for the LATIS manual, to record inspections
  • Administration equipment must be located and operated from a location where the public does not have access when staff are not present.
  • CoF only: ability to provide Certificate of Loading certificates (CoL printer and media)
  • Controlled documents (WoF/CoF labels, CoL labels and check sheets) must be securely stored and kept locked away outside normal business hours to protect from public access
  • Equipment must be in good condition and working order

To connect to our computer systems, you must operate Windows 7, 8.1 or 10 and use Internet Explorer 11 (IE11) to connect. These are the only operating systems that are supported by the Transport Agency to ensure security to our systems.

5. 3 Inspection site requirements
Feature

Minimum requirement

Examples and things to consider

Access to and exit from inspection area

No requirements; however, if the site has access restrictions for a particular standard legal size vehicle, that vehicle will not be able to be inspected at the site.

A standard legal size vehicle is one that either:

  • meets Table 4.1 the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Dimensions and Mass 2002, or
  • a high productivity motor vehicle

Inspection area

The inspection area needs to be situated within a building that has a roof, sides and doors made of permanent materials, and a solid and level floor so that a vehicle or vehicle combination remains stationary when parked in neutral with all brakes off, and there must be sufficient clearance (width, length and height) to allow doors to be fully opened and all inspection actions to be carried out.

Room for suspension test bars, room to view roof structure for corrosion/damage and raise vehicle, room to check headlamps.

Lighting

  • There must be sufficient suitable lighting in the inspection area, including underbody.
  • An inspection lamp is required.

Required for vehicle exterior, interior and underbody inspections. (If you meet AS/NZS 1680 that will be suitable.)

Underbody examination, including running gear

Ability to carry out inspection of the underside of the vehicle, including structure, running gear, steering, brake systems and suspension by means of a pit, hoist, fixed ramp, or other equipment enabling adequate inspection of the underbody of the vehicle.

Examples:

  • Four-post vehicle hoist and industrial-quality trolley jack.
  • Inspection pit with in-pit jack.
  • Two-post hoist with a method of completing laden steering test.
  • Inspection pit and industrial-quality trolley jack.
  • Four-post vehicle hoist with built-in jacking mechanism.
  • Fixed ramp and industrial-quality trolley jack.
  • Motorcycle jack/stand

Note: Axle stands and creepers will not be approved for use as part of the vehicle inspection of standard vehicles unless specifically for use at a specified site.

Steel test bar or similar for steering and suspension, or a steering or suspension test machine.

5.4 Inspection equipment requirements
Feature

Minimum requirement

Examples and things to consider

Vehicle dimensions

Measuring device(s) appropriate for the vehicle being inspected. The measurement must be taken with a single measure.

Required to confirm interior and exterior vehicle dimensions, e.g. overall length, width or height or passenger service vehicle (PSV) seat spacing. A 3m and a 25m measuring tape will be appropriate for most vehicles.

Tyres

Device for measuring tyre tread depth.

Graduated tyre tread depth gauge.

Brake testing

  • WoF – Access to a Transport Agency-approved decelerometer and level test strip, or a Transport Agency-approved brake testing machine (see section 5.5 for list of approved brake testers).
  • CoF A (light) – Transport Agency-approved plate or roller brake machine for all classes of vehicle, except classes LC and LD and certain special vehicles where access to a Transport Agency-approved decelerometer and level test strip is the minimum that is required (see section 5.6 for list of approved brake testers).
  • CoF B (heavy) – Transport Agency-approved roller brake machine (RBM) (refer to Heavy vehicle brake testing: CoF and entry certificate brake test protocol and procedures). For certain special vehicles, access to a Transport Agency-approved decelerometer and level test strip will be required (see section 5.7 for list of approved brake testers).
  • Air gauge (minimum 1000kPa), and fittings that enable the air gauge to be attached to a duomatic coupling.
  • Stopwatch or timing equipment.

Level access either side of a roller brake machine: such that the vehicle or vehicle combination remains stationary when in neutral with the brakes off; and that allows the vehicle to enter and exit the RBM in a straight line so that all axles can be tested correctly.
Access to a Transport Agency-approved decelerometer and level test strip will be required if testing vehicles for which RBM testing is not appropriate or if the RBM is inoperative for any reason and you want to continue to offer CoF inspections temporarily while it is repaired or a replacement can be organised. For heavy vehicles, see approval requirements for alternative brake testing in heavy vehicle brake testing: CoF and entry certificate brake test protocol and procedure.

Headlamps

Commercial-quality optical headlamp beam tester (or for motorcycles only, a graduated light board).

 

Vision

Equipment optional. If checking light transmission through glazing using a light transmission measuring device, it must be calibrated.

A 35% VLT tint sample or a calibrated light transmission meter.

Heavy vehicle towing connections

  • 40mm tow pin wear indicator gauge
  • 50mm tow pin wear indicator gauge
  • 40mm tow eye wear indicator gauge
  • 50mm tow eye wear indicator gauge
  • Method of inspecting ball-race turntables.

Steel test bar for ball-race turntables or similar.

PSV door test

Test bar and spring force scale for checking power-operated door closing force (refer to Technical bulletin 5 for test bar technical specifications).

 

Taximeter testing

  • Surveyed test strip (mandatory)
  • Calibrated rolling road (optional)
  • Meter seal kit
  • Stopwatch.

Not part of CoF inspection but required if you also want to carry out taximeter calibration checks.
Refer to Technical bulletin 4 for requirements.

5.5 Approved brake test equipment (WoF)

Note The vehicle inspector must use an approved brake tester when carrying out the brake test. Should the tester break down, or a vehicle cannot reasonably be tested with that tester, the vehicle must be tested with another approved brake tester or undergo the brake distance test.

Manufacturer

Models

Gazette notice details

AECS SST 10SST 1015 December 2016, No 118

Anzen

BS52FL Roller brake testing machine

26 October 1989, No 189, p 5299

Autoteknik

Portable truck brake testing machine Model No BM20200

30 January 1997, No 8, p 190

Model No BM8010 (with or without the facility to test the brakes on dedicated 4WD vehicles)

2 May 1996, No 41, p 1182

BMX200 Roller brake testing machine

12 November 1998, No 184, p 4350

BMX010 Turbo roller brake testing machine

14 January 1999, No 246, p 65

Model BM17200

10 August 2000, No 89, p 2184

Auto Test Products

AutoStop Mini 1.0
AutoStop Maxi 6.2 and 6.2x
AutoStop HVBM

5 December 2000, No 164, p 4262

AutoStop Micro Plus
AutoStop Mini Plus

3 March 2011, No 23, p 623

Banzai

BBT51S Roller brake testing machine

26 August 1989, No 189, p 5299

Bear

450, 451, 452, 4510 and 4511

7 March 1957, No 20, p 449

BM Autoteknik

BM17200

1 August 2000, No 89, p 2184

BM7010

31 October 2000, No 150, p 3866

BM30200 (upgraded Crypton EB30)

5 December 2000, No 164, p 4262

BM63200 (upgraded Crypton 630)

12 March 2002, No 28, p 626

BM3010, BM9010, BM12200

5 April 2001, No 37, p 829

14200 series

17 April 2008, No 73, p 2055

BM4010

14 December 2006, No 172, p 5032

BM182006 April 2017, No 37, 2017-au1651

Bowmonk

Brake Check Model 801

25 May 2006, No 46, p 1232

Bowmonk

Brake Check Model 803

25 May 2006, No 46, p 1232

Bowmonk

Model MkIII Dynamometer

25 August 1960, No 54, p 1281

CEMB

DCA 3 Roller brake testing machine

10 June 1999, No 67, p 1549

DCA5-FN3

25 June 2009, No. 94, p 2117

Circuitlink

Brake Check

22 May 2003, No 53, p 1380

Brake-Testa Model BT1

25 May 1995, No 50, p 1282

Crypton

Crypton Bradbury E10 dynamic brake tester

16 March 1967, No 16, p 384

Crypton Models 630 and 660 Roller brake testing machine

26 October 1989, No 189, p 5299

Crypton 690A brake tester

14 August 2003, No 101, p 2689

Hammar

Dynometer 54

21 March 1968, No 15, p 474

Hartridge

MkII Brake tester

3 September 1970, No 53, p 1574

Hoffman Werkstatt

Brekon 131-3
Brekon 131-4 and 4S
Safeline Pro testing lanes that include one of the following:
Brekon 130-3
Brekon 130-4 and 4S
Safeline Truck testing lanes that include brake testing devices suitable for 10, 13, 16 or 18 t axle load at a test speed of 2.6, 2.8, 5.2, or 5.6 km/h

25 September 2001, No 135, p 3469

Brekon 141-3 and 141-4

9 November 2006, No. 132, p 3837

HPA

Models 2302, 2303, and 2313-MK Roller brake testing machine

22 March 1973, No 23, p 524

Model 5023 Roller brake testing machine

29 June 1995, No 64, p 1733

Model LX5004.138.009 Roller brake testing machine

21 March 1996, No 28, p 867

Hunter

B400 Plate Brake Tester

19 September 1991, No 140, p 2992

B404 Plate Brake Tester

22 August 1991, No 126, p 2727

Intertech

Model No HH650 EV

7 March 1996, No 23, p 735

JevolModel BT390020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model BT220020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model PBT390020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model PBT220020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model RRT-25002 June 2016, No 50
Model RRT-2500W2 June 2016, No 50
Model RRT-750021 August 2014, No 96, p2732
Model RRT-7500M27 November 2014, No 143
Model RRT-95005 February 2015, No 13

Kismet

Model Nos KBT 300, 301 and 302

22 March 1973, No 23, p 524

MAHA

MAHA PP2 Platform brake tester (digital and analogue)

6 October 1988, No 170, p 3973

MAHA Platform brake tester Model Junior-Check 2P

14 September 1995, No 99, p 3102

MAHA Platform brake tester MPP 2240

9 June 2011, No 81, p1909

MAHA Roller brake testing machine Model IW 2 Series

24 February 1994, No 16, p 914

MAHA Roller brake testing machine Model IW 4

21 March 1996, No 28, p 867

MAHA Roller brake tester Model IW 7 Mobile

15 June 2006, No 52, p 1430

MAHA Roller brake tester Model MBT 2100

17 December 2009, No 188, p4524

MBT 5250 and MBT 4250 Eurosystem (was Model IW 4)17 October 2013, No 143, p 3914
 MTL 525016 February 2017, No 2017-au642

Muller BEM

Billanmatic series 45200, 43300, 44800, 44700
Note the model number may also include B, 2V, B-2V Billanmatic series 7300, 7500, 7700, 8600, 10000

5 December 2000, No 164, p 4262

Nepean

Model Barbie 14104 Vehicle inspection trailer

11 June 1998, No 79, p 1760

Nissalco

Model IM2581 Roller brake tester

3 December 1981, No 145, p 3661

Model M2581 Super-Combi Tester

24 June 1999, No 75, p 1696

PlateTronic

Models Pitstop 2P, Pitstop 4P Platebrake tester

9 April 2009, No 48, p 1177

21 August 2014, No 96, p 2732

12 March 2015, No 24

Shenzhen Cosber Industrial Co Ltd

Model Cosber KZD-3 series of roller brake testing machines

25 September 2008, No 143, p 3901

SherpaBS Kompact 3.527 November 2014, No 143
PBT-24-475711 May 2017, No. 49, 2017-au2196

Simaret

Models Simaret BrakeSafe, Simaret 3000, Simaret F

12 November 1998, No 184, p 4350

Tapley

Tapley portable brake tester

7 March 1957, No 20, p 449

Tecalemit

Model No DE 5000 CU Roller brake testing machine

22 February 1996, No 15, p 508

Tiangle

Brake testing instruments Commercial Vehicle Model and Standard Model (Ref. DBT2)

5 May 1966, No 25, p 737

VamagRBT-C2 June 2016, No 50
RBT3500 C716 March 2017, No 29, 2017-au1231
RBT3500 XS16 March 2017, No 29, 2017-au1232

Vane

Vane Bowmonk dynometer

16 March 1967, No 16, p 384

Van Leeuwen Test Systems B.V.VLT 423 roller brake machine16 January 2014, No 4, p129

Vehicle Inspection Systems Pty Ltd

VIS-Check, VIS-TF-RL and VIS-VE-RL

4 March 2010, No 25, p 580

Vericom

Model VC2000 and VC2000PC brake testing computers

26 October 1995, No 122, p 3775

Model VC3000

27 March 2003, No 30, p 847

Vipac

Model VBT101 brake-tester

23 June 1994, No 62, p 2089, or
25 May 1995, No 50, p 1282

VTEQ S.L. (Spain)
(previously BCN)

VTEQ 3080

14 August 2003, No 101, p 2689

VTEQ 2080

17 February 2004, No 17, p 372

VTEQ 6000 (analogue)

VTEQ 7000 (digital)

9 November 2006, No. 132, p 3837

Weaver

WY-25, WY-30, WY-40S, WY-55, WY-60, WY-70S, WY-75 and WY-76

7 March 1957, No 20, p 449

5.6 Approved brake test equipment (CoF – light vehicles)

Note The vehicle inspector must use an approved brake tester when carrying out the brake test. Should the tester break down, or a vehicle cannot reasonably be tested with that tester, the vehicle must be tested with another approved brake tester (including a decelerometer listed in section 5.5) or undergo the brake stopping distance test.

Manufacturer

Models

Gazette notice details

AECS SST 10SST 1015 December 2016, No 118

Anzen

BS52FL Roller brake testing machine

26 October 1989, No 189, p 5299

Autoteknik

Portable truck brake testing machine Model No BM20200

30 January 1997, No 8, p 190

Model No BM8010 (with or without the facility to test the brakes on dedicated 4WD vehicles)

2 May 1996, No 41, p 1182

BMX200 Roller brake testing machine

12 November 1998, No 184, p 4350

BMX010 Turbo roller brake testing machine

14 January 1999, No 246, p 65

Model BM17200

10 August 2000, No 89, p 2184

Banzai

BBT51S Roller brake testing machine

26 August 1989, No 189, p 5299

BM Autoteknik

BM17200

1 August 2000, No 89, p 2184

BM7010

31 October 2000, No 150, p 3866

BM30200 (upgraded Crypton EB30)

5 December 2000, No 164, p 4262

BM63200 (upgraded Crypton 630)

12 March 2002, No 28, p 626

BM3010, BM9010, BM12200

5 April 2001, No 37, p 829

14200 series

17 April 2008, No 73, p 2055

BM4010

14 December 2006, No 172, p 5032

BM182006 April 2017, No 37, 2017-au1651

CEMB

DCA 3 Roller brake testing machine

10 June 1999, No 67, p 1549

DCA5-FN3

25 June 2009, No. 94, p 2117

Crypton

Crypton Bradbury E10 dynamic brake tester

16 March 1967, No 16, p 384

Crypton Models 630 and 660 Roller brake testing machine

26 October 1989, No 189, p 5299

Crypton 690A brake tester

14 August 2003, No 101, p 2689

Hammar

Dynometer 54

21 March 1968, No 15, p 474

Hartridge

MkII Brake tester

3 September 1970, No 53, p 1574

Hoffman Werkstatt

Brekon 131-3
Brekon 131-4 and 4S
Safeline Pro testing lanes that include one of the following:
Brekon 130-3
Brekon 130-4 and 4S
Safeline Truck testing lanes that include brake testing devices suitable for 10, 13, 16 or 18 t axle load at a test speed of 2.6, 2.8, 5.2, or 5.6 km/h

25 September 2001, No 135, p 3469

Brekon 141-3 and 141-4

9 November 2006, No. 132, p 3837

HPA

Models 2302, 2303, and 2313-MK Roller brake testing machine

22 March 1973, No 23, p 524

Model 5023 Roller brake testing machine

29 June 1995, No 64, p 1733

Model LX5004.138.009 Roller brake testing machine

21 March 1996, No 28, p 867

Hunter

B400 Plate Brake Tester

19 September 1991, No 140, p 2992

B404 Plate Brake Tester

22 August 1991, No 126, p 2727

Intertech

Model No HH650 EV

7 March 1996, No 23, p 735

JevolModel BT220020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model BT390020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model PBT220020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model PBT390020 April 2018, 2018-au1916
Model RRT-25002 June 2016, No 50
Model RRT-2500W2 June 2016, No 50
Model RRT-750021 August 2014, No 96, p2732
Model RRT-7500M 27 November 2014, No 143
Model RRT-95005 February 2015, No 13

Kismet

Model Nos KBT 300, 301 and 302

22 March 1973, No 23, p 524

MAHA

MAHA PP2 Platform brake tester (digital and analogue)

6 October 1988, No 170, p 3973

MAHA Platform brake tester Model Junior-Check 2P

14 September 1995, No 99, p 3102

MAHA Platform brake tester MPP 2240

9 June 2011, No 81, p1909

MAHA Roller brake testing machine Model IW 2 Series

24 February 1994, No 16, p 914

MAHA Roller brake testing machine Model IW 4

21 March 1996, No 28, p 867

MAHA Roller brake tester Model IW 7 Mobile

15 June 2006, No 52, p 1430

MAHA Roller brake tester Model MBT 2100

17 December 2009, No 188, p4524

MBT 5250 and MBT 4250 Eurosystem (was Model IW 4)17 October 2013, No 143, p 3914
MTL 525016 February 2017, No 2017-au642

Muller BEM

Billanmatic series 45200, 43300, 44800, 44700
Note the model number may also include B, 2V, B-2V Billanmatic series 7300, 7500, 7700, 8600, 10000

5 December 2000, No 164, p 4262

Nepean

Model Barbie 14104 Vehicle inspection trailer

11 June 1998, No 79, p 1760

Nissalco

Model IM2581 Roller brake tester

3 December 1981, No 145, p 3661

Model M2581 Super-Combi Tester

24 June 1999, No 75, p 1696

PlateTronic

Models Pitstop 2P, Pitstop 4P Platebrake tester

9 April 2009, No 48, p 1177

21 August 2014, No 96, p 2732

12 March 2015, No 24

Shenzhen Cosber Industrial Co Ltd

Model Cosber KZD-3 series of roller brake testing machines

25 September 2008, No 143, p 3901

SherpaBS Kompact 3.527 November 2014, No 143
PBT-24-475711 May 2017, No. 49, 2017-au2196

Tecalemit

Model No DE 5000 CU Roller brake testing machine

22 February 1996, No 15, p 508

VamagRBT-C2 June 2016, No 50
RBT3500 C716 March 2017, No 29, 2017-au1231
RBT3500 XS16 March 2017, No 29, 2017-au1232
Van Leeuwen Test Systems B.V.VLT 423 roller brake machine16 January 2014, No 4, p129

Vehicle Inspection Systems Pty Ltd

VIS-Check, VIS-TF-RL and VIS-VE-RL

4 March 2010, No 25, p 580

VTEQ S.L. (Spain)
(previously BCN)

VTEQ 3080

14 August 2003, No 101, p 2689

VTEQ 2080

17 February 2004, No 17, p 372

VTEQ 6000 (analogue)

VTEQ 7000 (digital)

9 November 2006, No. 132, p 3837

Weaver

WY-25, WY-30, WY-40S, WY-55, WY-60, WY-70S, WY-75 and WY-76

7 March 1957, No 20, p 449

5.7 Approved brake test equipment (CoF - heavy vehicles)

Note A decelerometer from the WoF list under 5.1.7 may be used only under special circumstances, such as the roller brake machine breaking down unexpectedly, or being presented with a vehicle that cannot be reasonably tested on the roller brake machine. Refer to Heavy vehicle brake testing protocol for detailed requirements.

An approved independently qualified persons list is also available.

Manufacturer

Models

Gazette notice details

AECS SST 45 20 April 2018, 2018-au1907

Autoteknik

Portable truck brake testing machine Model No BM 20200

30 January 1997, No 8, p 190

Model BM 17200

10 August 2000, No 89, p 2184

BM Autotecknik

BM17200

1 August 2000, No 89, p 2184

BM12200

5 April 2001, No 37, p 829

BM18200 6 April 2017, No 37, 2017-au1650

ESPI.ME

ESPI-VIS roller brake machine 16 January 2014, No 4, p128
Jevol Model RRT-7500 21 August 2014, No 96, p2732
Model RRT-7500M 27 November 2014, No 143
Model RRT-9500 5 February 2015, No 13
MAHA

MAHA Roller brake testing machine Model IW 4

21 March 1996, No 28, p 867

MAHA Roller brake tester Model IW 7 Mobile

15 June 2006, No 52, p 1430

MBT 5250 and MBT 4250 Eurosystem (was Model IW 4) 17 October 2013, No 143, p 3914

MBT 7250 EUROSYSTEM

29 May 2018, No 2018-au2604
MTL 5250 16 February 2017, No 2017-au642

Nepean

Model Barbie 14104 Vehicle inspection trailer

11 June 1998, No 79, p 1760

Simaret

Models Simaret BrakeSafe, Simaret 3000, Simaret F

12 November 1998, No 184, p 4350

Tiangle

Brake testing instrument Commercial Vehicle Model

5 May 1966, No 25, p 737

Vamag

RBT-C

2 June 2016, No 50

RBT/CMS FW

20 April 2018, No 2018-au2606

RBT/C MS7 June 2019, No. 2019 au2677
Van Leeuwen Test Systems B.V.

VLT 14033 and VLT 140033 roller  brake machines

VLT 16033 and VLT 160033 roller brake machines
16  January 2014, No 4, p 129

Vehicle Inspection Systems Pty Ltd

VIS-Check, VIS-TF-RL and VIS-VE-RL

4 March 2010, No 25, p 580

Vericom

Model VC2000 and VC2000PC Brake testing computers

26 October 1995, No 122, p 3775

Model VC3000

27 March 2003, No 30, p 847

VTEQ S.L. (Spain)

VTEQ 7000 (digital)

November 2006, No 132, p3837

Page amended 1 November 2017 (see amendment details)

Page updated 1 July 2019 (see details)

6 Appointments


6.1 Vehicle inspectors

Application packs may be obtained from, and completed application packs must be sent to:
Website

vehicleinspection.nzta.govt.nz/applications

Applications may be completed and submitted online.

Emailinspectors@nzta.govt.nz
Mail

Licencing Assessments - Vehicle Inspectors
NZ Transport Agency
Palmerston North Office
Private Bag 11777
Palmerston North 4442

Phone0800 587 287
Fax06 953 6201
6.1.1 Warrant of Fitness
An applicant may apply for appointment to inspect one or more of the following categories of vehicles:
  • Light trailers (class TA, TB)
  • General vehicles (class LE, MA, MB, MC, MD1, NA), includes light tractors, light forklifts and light unclassified vehicles
  • Motorcycles (class LC, LD, LE)
  • Heavy motor vehicles exempt CoF (includes tractors, forklifts, unclassified vehicles)
  • Tractors only
  • Forklifts only.

The applicant must meet all of the following requirements:

a) have the following qualifications/work experience:

i. be qualified as an automotive technician with either NZ Trade Certificate, National A-Grade Registration, NZ Advanced Trade Certificate or equivalent, or

ii. be qualified as an automotive technician with either National Certificate in Automotive Engineering, National Registration or equivalent, and three years relevant work experience, or

iii. have worked full-time carrying out repairs and maintenance to all safety aspects of light motor vehicles for at least five years cumulatively

Note 1

Overseas qualifications must be recognized in New Zealand through the NZ Qualifications Authority (NZQA).

Note 2

Vehicle inspectors currently or wishing to be appointed to inspect general vehicles under this clause may, on application, also be appointed to inspect motorcycles if they are able to provide evidence of:

i. appropriate training on motorcycle repairs, maintenance or inspections (may be external or internal training), or

ii. appropriate work experience repairing, maintaining or inspecting motorcycles (other practical experience, such as repairing and servicing own motorcycles, will be considered).

Note 3

Vehicle inspectors wishing to be appointed to inspect heavy motor vehicles exempt from CoF, tractors and/or forklifts must be able to provide evidence of appropriate training or work experience in the repair, maintenance or inspection of these vehicles.

b) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of the requirements in the VIRM: In-service certification, sufficient to inspect and certify a vehicle

c) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of common vehicles and their:

i. structure, including glazing and external projections

ii. suspension, steering and braking systems

iii. safety equipment, including seatbelts and airbags

iv. lighting system requirements

d) be a fit and proper person (section 2.6 of the Rule - see also Fit and proper person guidelines). The criteria considered with any application include:

i. relevant criminal convictions

ii. transport related offences

iii. relevant warnings, penalties and disciplinary actions imposed

iv. relevant complaints

v. the public interest and land transport safety

e) have a current driver licence for the class(es) of vehicles to be inspected

f) agree to and sign the Code of conduct.

6.1.2 Certificate of Fitness - light vehicles (CoF A)

An applicant may apply for appointment to inspect one or both of the following categories of vehicles:

  • Light vehicles except motorcycles (class LE, MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, NA)
  • Motorcycles (class LC, LD, LE)

The applicant must meet all of the following requirements:

a) have the following qualifications/work experience:

i. be qualified as an automotive technician with either NZ Trade Certificate, National A-Grade Registration, NZ Advanced Trade Certificate or equivalent, or

ii. be qualified as an automotive technician with either National Certificate in Automotive Engineering, National Registration or equivalent, and three years relevant work experience, or

iii. have worked full-time carrying out repairs and maintenance to all safety aspects of light motor vehicles for at least five years cumulatively.

Note 1

Overseas qualifications must be recognized in New Zealand through the NZ Qualifications Authority (NZQA).

Note 2

Vehicle inspectors currently or wishing to be appointed to inspect general vehicles under this clause may, on application, also be appointed to inspect motorcycles if they are able to provide evidence of:

i. appropriate training on motorcycle repairs, maintenance or inspections (may be external or internal training), or

ii. appropriate work experience repairing, maintaining or inspecting motorcycles (other practical experience, such as repairing and servicing own motorcycles, will be considered).

b) have completed a certificate in vehicle inspection (CoFA)

c) must be a current WoF inspector for general vehicles (and/or motorcycles where appropriate)

d) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of the requirements in the VIRM: In-service certification, sufficient to inspect and certify a vehicle

e) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of common vehicles and their:

i. structure, including glazing and external projections

ii. suspension, steering and braking systems

iii. safety equipment, including seatbelts and airbags

iv. lighting system requirements

f) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of light passenger vehicles and their requirements, including entry requirements (see PSV sections in the VIRM: Entry certification)

g) be a fit and proper person (section 2.6 of the Rule - see also Fit and proper person guidelines). The criteria considered with any application include:

i. relevant criminal convictions

ii. transport-related offences

iii. relevant warnings, penalties and disciplinary actions imposed

iv. relevant complaints

v. the public interest and land transport safety

h) have a current driver licence for the class(es) of vehicles to be inspected

i) agree to and sign the Code of conduct.

6.1.3 Certificate of fitness - heavy vehicles (CoF B)

An applicant may only apply for one of the two following categories at a time. Heavy PSVs may only be applied for after the applicant has held their current appointment for heavy vehicles except PSVs for a minimum of two months:

  • Heavy vehicles except PSVs (class NB, NC, TC, TD), or
  • Heavy PSVs (class MD3, MD4, ME).

The applicant must meet all of the following requirements:

a) be qualified as:

i. an automotive technician with either NZ Trade Certificate, National A-Grade Registration, or NZ Advanced Trade Certificate or equivalent and three years relevant workshop experience performing vehicle maintenance and repair work

ii. an automotive technician with either National Certificate in Automotive Engineering, National Registration or equivalent and three years relevant work experience

iii. a person who has worked in full-time employment carrying out repairs and maintenance to all safety aspects of heavy motor vehicles for at least five years cumulatively.

Note 1

Overseas qualifications must be recognized in New Zealand through the NZ Qualifications Authority (NZQA).

b) have completed the relevant certificate in vehicle inspection (CoF B)

c) must have completed roller brake machine (RBM) training by a Transport Agency approved RBM training provider

d) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of the requirements in the VIRM: In-service certification, sufficient to inspect and certify a vehicle

e) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of common vehicles and their:

i. structures, including glazing and external projections, and

ii. suspensions, steering and braking systems, and

iii. tow connections and load anchorages, and

iv. lighting system requirements

f) demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of heavy passenger service vehicles and their requirements (applicable to MD3, MD4 and ME classes only), including entry requirements (see PSV sections in the VIRM: Entry certification)

g) be a fit and proper person (section 2.6 of the Rulee - see also Fit and proper person guidelines). The criteria considered with any application include:

i. relevant criminal convictions

ii. transport-related offences

iii. relevant warnings, penalties and disciplinary actions imposed

iv. relevant complaints

v. the public interest and land transport safety

h) have a current and correct class of driver licence to drive the class of vehicles being inspected. Where a class 5 vehicle does not have to be driven by the vehicle inspector who is conducting the inspection, the minimum class of licence to be held is a class 4 licence.

i) agree to and sign the Code of conduct.

6.1.4 Requirements to retain appointment

Vehicle inspectors are appointed for a three year term. (Note: The three year term commences from the date of appointment for all new vehicle inspectors appointed on or after December 1 2014. For vehicle inspectors appointed prior to December 1 2014 the three year re-appointment process commences from the day they sign up to and agree to the new NZ Transport Agency Vehicle Inspector Code of Conduct).

To maintain appointment, a vehicle inspector must carry out a minimum total of 25 vehicle inspections per 12-month period, including at least one in each of the following categories for which they are appointed:

  • WoF
  • CoF (light vehicles)
  • CoF (heavy vehicles).

Note: The total of 25 inspections per year requirement commences from the date of appointment for all new vehicle inspectors appointed on or after December 1 2014. For vehicle inspectors appointed prior to December 1 2014 the minimum of 25 inspections per year commences from the day the vehicle inspectors signs up to and agrees to the NZ Transport Agency Vehicle Inspector Code of Conduct. Exceptions can be made. This must be approved in writing by the Transport Agency. These include, but are not limited to, a NZ Police CVST Vehicle Safety Officer or NZ Defence Force Inspectors not issuing due to overseas posting.

A vehicle inspector's appointment category may be revoked if it is not used within a 12-month period.

6.2 Inspecting organisations

Application packs may be obtained from, and completed application packs must be sent to:
Website

vehicleinspection.nzta.govt.nz/applications

Applications may be completed and submitted online.

Emailvehicleinspections@nzta.govt.nz
Mail

Vehicle Inspections
NZ Transport Agency
Palmerston North Office
Private Bag 11777
Palmerston North 4442

Phone0800 587 287

WoF and/or CoF inspecting organisations must:

a) meet the requirements for inspection premises and equipment, and

b) be fit and proper (section 2.6 of the Rule - see also Fit and proper person guidelines). The criteria considered with any application include:

i. relevant criminal convictions

ii. transport-related offences

iii. relevant warnings, penalties and disciplinary actions imposed

iv. relevant complaints

v. the public interest and land transport safety, and

c) have currently employed a vehicle inspector approved for the relevant classes of vehicles

d) advise which quality management system (QMS) they will be operating under

e) agree to the Notice of appointment.

Page amended 1 May 2017 (see amendment details).

7 Definitions and abbreviations


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


A-train

means an articulated vehicle towing a full trailer.

Affix

in relation to a vehicle identifier, means stamp, emboss, etch or engrave onto

a) the permanent structure of a motor vehicle, or

b) a plate affixed to the permanent structure of a vehicle.

Agricultural

in relation to purposes or operations, means connected directly with the operation or management of a farm.

Agricultural motor vehicle a) means a motor vehicle that is designed, constructed or adapted for agricultural purposes, and includes:

i) an agricultural trailer, and

ii) an agricultural tractor, but

b) does not include any vehicle that is:

i) of a class specified in section 3-2 of the Introduction, and

ii) designed or constructed for general road use.

Agricultural purpose includes:

a) land cultivation

b) growing and harvesting crops (including horticulture and viticulture)

c) rearing livestock

d) any land management operation undertaken in connection with the operation or management of a farm.

  • Agricultural purpose does not include forestry, or any land management operation not referred to in (a) to (d) above.
Agricultural tractor means a vehicle that is designed and constructed principally for the purposes of:

a) towing an agricultural trailer, or

b) drawing, or powering, an implement ordinarily used for an agricultural purpose.

Agricultural trailer

means:

a) a trailer that is used exclusively for agricultural purposes, and

b) includes a wheeled agricultural implement, the wheels of which are in contact with the road when the implement is being towed; but

c) does not include a trailer that is

i. designed for the carriage of goodsoperated at a speed exceeding 40km/h, or

ii. a logging trailer.

Air brake

means a brake, the operation of which requires the use of compressed air.

All-terrain vehicle (ATV)

means a vehicle, with or without motor cycle controls and equipment, that:

a) is principally designed for off-road use, and

b) has three or more wheels, and

c) has an engine capacity exceeding 50 ml, and

d) has a gross weight of less than 1000 kg.

Alley lamp

means a work lamp designed primarily to provide a fixed or movable beam of light to the side of a vehicle to which it is fitted.

Alternative fuel inspection certificate

means evidence of vehicle inspection relating to the periodic in-service inspection and certification of an LPG or CNG fuel system.

Alternative fuel installation certificate or compliance plate

means an inspection and certification document relating to the installation of an LPG or CNG fuel system.

Alternative fuel system

means a fuel storage and conducting system that is used to provide liquid petroleum gas, compressed natural gas or any other pressurised liquid or gaseous fuel (other than petrol or diesel) for the purpose of propulsion of a vehicle.

Alternative fuel system inspection and certification

means inspection and certification of an LPG or CNG fuel system comprising either

a) specialist inspection and certification required for the issuing of an alternative fuel installation certificate or an alternative fuel installation compliance plate, or

b) in-service inspection and certification required for the issuing of an alternative fuel inspection certificate.

Ambulance

means a motor vehicle designed and used principally for the carriage of sick or injured persons.

Ambulance service

means a service that complies with the requirements in NZS 8156:2002 Ambulance Sector Standard, and is generally a vehicle marked and identified as an ambulance.

Anti-glare band overlay

means a tinted overlay that is transparent and that is applied along the top edge of the windscreen for the purpose of reducing glare from the sun.

Anti-lock braking system (ABS)

means a device that senses that one or more of the wheels is starting to lock up during braking and regulates the braking forces automatically and effectively to prevent it.

Applicable requirement

means any requirement specified or incorporated in an Act, regulation, code or rule that applies to the design, construction, condition, equipment, modification, repair or maintenance of a specific vehicle. All applicable requirements for in-service inspection and certification are contained in this manual.

Approved

in relation to an appliance, apparatus, device, system, component, equipment or fitting, means approved by NZTA.

Articulated bus

means a bus consisting of two or more rigid sections that:

a) articulate relative to each other, and

b) have interconnecting passenger compartments that allow passengers to move freely between them, and

c) are not easily detachable from each other without specialist equipment.

Articulated vehicle

means any motor vehicle with a semi-trailer attached, so that part of the semi-trailer is superimposed upon the motor vehicle and a substantial part of the weight of the semi-trailer and of its load is borne by the motor vehicle.

Asymmetric dipped-beam headlamp

means a dipped-beam headlamp that emits a beam of light with a distinct horizontal cut-off from at least the centre to the edge of the beam.

At a height not exceeding

in relation to lighting equipment fitted to a vehicle, means the height above which no part of the illuminated area of the equipment extends when the vehicle is at its gross vehicle mass and when each tyre with which the vehicle is fitted is inflated to the pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.

Auxiliary brake

means a device, other than a service brake or parking brake, fitted to a vehicle to enable the driver to control its speed, whether or not it is suitable to stop the vehicle.

Average deceleration

means the average deceleration during braking, which is either the mean value of deceleration during braking or the deceleration calculated from the distance travelled during the period when the deceleration occurred and the difference between the speed immediately before and after that.

Axle

means one or more shafts, spindles, or bearings in the same vertical transverse plane by means of which, in conjunction with wheels mounted on those shafts, spindles, or bearings, a portion of the weight of the vehicle is transmitted to the roadway, and:

a) if two or more wheels of a motor vehicle are substantially in the same line transversely and some or all of them have separate axles, the axles of all those wheels are to be treated as one axle;

b) if the longitudinal centre-line of an axle of a motor vehicle is less than 1m distant from the longitudinal centre-line of another axle, the two axles are to be treated as one axle (“a dual axle”);

c) for the purposes of measuring the distance of a dual axle from any other axle, the measurement is taken from the longitudinal centreline of the axle that is nearer to the axle from which the distance is to be measured.

Axle set

means a single axle set, a tandem axle set, a twin-steer axle set, a tri-axle set or a quad-axle set.

Axle stop device

means a device to control the movement of the axle in the event of suspension failure.

B-train

means a motor vehicle comprising a towing vehicle and two semi-trailers connected at two points of articulation where the forward distance of the longer trailer divided by the forward distance of the shorter trailer does not exceed 1.4.

Ballrace turntable

means a device incorporating a low friction ball bearing fitted between two substantial structural components of a vehicle to enable rotational motion between those components about a vertical axis.

Beacon

means a warning lamp comprising one or more light sources designed to emit a flashing light or a revolving beam of light.

Body

means the part of the vehicle that is designed for the use and accommodation of the occupants or to hold any goods, and (for PSVs) includes all of the portion of the vehicle that is designed for the use and accommodation of the occupants and their luggage, and to hold any goods that may be carried.

Body transfer vehicle

means a motor vehicle that is used primarily for the transportation of deceased persons.

Bolster Attachment Code

means the Bolster Attachment Code of the Log Transport Safety Council, approved by the NZTA.

Brake

means a system to reduce the speed of a vehicle, to stop the vehicle or to keep the vehicle stationary.

Brake circuit

means the combination of components that functionally links the brake control and the foundation brake. The circuit may be mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical or a mix of these.

Brake coupling

means the device for connecting the control and supply lines of the towing vehicle to the control and supply lines of the trailer.

Brake friction material

means a brake component having a friction surface that is designed to be preferentially sacrificed.

Brake friction surface

means any surface of a brake component that is designed to convert kinetic energy to heat.

Brake lining

means a brake lining in the case of a drum brake, and a brake pad in the case of a disc brake.

Brake lining assembly

means a component of a friction brake, including a brake lining and its backing plate or a brake lining and its brake shoe, that is pressed against the brake disc or drum to produce friction force.

Brake pedal assembly

means an assembly containing the brake pedal and pedal pivot, pedal bracket, pedal return spring and associated components.

Brake reservoir

means a device designed and constructed to store fluid, compressed air, compressed gas or vacuum; does not include pipes, valves, hoses or booster cylinders operated by vacuum or compressed air.

Braking force

means the retarding force generated by a brake assembly.

Breakaway brake

means a service brake or parking brake fitted to a trailer that ensures, under all conditions of use, that, if the trailer is unintentionally disconnected from its towing vehicle, the brake will automatically and immediately apply and will remain applied for at least 15 minutes.

Cab-guard

means a structure attached to a vehicle that provides protection to the cab occupants from the effects of load impact, and may include a headboard.

Caravan trailer

means a trailer that is permanently equipped with features intended to make the vehicle suitable as a person’s dwelling place, and must include at least one sleeping berth and one table, both of which may be of a design that allows them to be retracted or folded away.

Central tyre inflation system

means a type of tyre pressure control system that adjusts tyre pressure for the purpose of inflating and deflating tyres to improve tyre adhesion and reduce road surface damage and which is under the central control of the driver or an automated system, or a combination of both the driver and an automated system (commonly known as ‘CTI’).

Certificate of fitness (CoF)

means evidence of vehicle inspection issued to vehicles listed under 3.3.1 of the Introduction.

Certificate of fitness inspection and certification

means periodic in-service inspection and certification of a vehicle listed under 3.3.1 of the Introduction.

Certificate of loading (CoL)

means a certificate issued to a vehicle that requires verification of its loading and weight limits.

Certificate of loading inspection and certification

means inspection and certification of a vehicle, required for the issuing of a certificate of loading.

Certify

means

a) in relation to a vehicle, or specific aspect of a vehicle, to make a record of determination that confirms that the vehicle inspector or inspecting organisation has determined that the vehicle or specific aspect of the vehicle complies with the applicable requirements, or

b) in relation to a vehicle’s loading and weight limits, to make a record of determination of a vehicle’s loading and weight limits.

Chassis

means the structural lower part of a vehicle to which the running gear and, as applicable, engine, transmission, steering system and body may be attached.

Chassis assembly

means a chassis with running gear attached and, as applicable, engine, transmission and steering system attached.

Child restraint

includes child seats, booster seats and seatbelts designed specifically to fit children.

Child safety lock

means a safety device installed during the manufacture of the vehicle to prevent a door from being opened from inside of the vehicle.

Class

in relation to vehicles, means a category of vehicle of one of the Groups A, L, M, N and T, as specified under 3.2 of the Introduction.

CNG

means compressed natural gas.

Coaming rail

means a raised frame boarder around the load platform of a vehicle.

Code of conductmeans the code that provides the minimum ethical and behavioural standards that are expected of all vehicle inspectors appointed by the Transport Agency to deliver vehicle inspection and certification services.

Combination vehicle

means a towing vehicle in combination with one or more trailers or other motor vehicle that is being towed.

Compliance label

means an attachment to a vehicle in the form of a label that confirms compliance of the vehicle or a specific aspect of the vehicle with applicable requirements.

Compliance plate

means an attachment to a vehicle in the form of a plate that confirms compliance of the vehicle or a specific aspect of the vehicle with applicable requirements.

Conditional permit (or permit, including temporary permit or 28-day permit)

means inspection and certification document that confirms that a determination has been made that the vehicle is safe to be operated under specified conditions.

Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest means where there is, could be, or may be perceived to be, a conflict between the financial or professional interests or obligations of the inspecting organisation or vehicle inspector and their obligations under the terms of the IOs Notice of Appointment.

It means that the impartiality, independence or objectivity of the IO and/or VI may be called into question. The conflict may be (a) actual: where the conflict currently exists; (b) potential: where the conflict is about to happen or could happen; (c) perceived: where other people may reasonably think a person is compromised.

Construction (vehicle)

means the manufacture, assembly, reassembly or modification of a vehicle, and includes all acts and activities related or incidental to the construction of a vehicle.

Construction (tyre)

means:

a) for a pneumatic tyre, the type of tyre carcass (including ply orientation and ply rating or load index), or

b) for any other tyre, characteristics relating to size, shape and material.

Control

means the part of the brake actuated directly by the driver to regulate the operation of the brake.

Controlled document

means a document you must use and complete as part of your inspection and certification work, such as a WoF or CoF label, WoF or CoFchecksheet, or a certificate of loading

Control (service) line

means the part of the brake circuit that transmits the service brake signal within a vehicle and also between vehicles being operated as a combination vehicle.

Converter dolly

means an individual trailer unit with a fifth-wheel coupling used to convert a semi-trailer to a full trailer. A dolly must have either

a) a rigid drawbar associated with an oscillating fifth wheel and a single axle or a tandem axle set, or

b) a tandem axle set with a hinged drawbar with a fixed fifth wheel.

Cornering lamp

means a lamp designed to emit light at the front of the vehicle to supplement a vehicle’s headlamps by illuminating the road ahead in the direction of the turn.

Corrosion damage

is where the metal has been eaten away, which is evident by pitting. The outward signs of such corrosion damage is typically displayed by the lifting or bubbling of paint. In extreme cases, the area affected by the corrosion damage will fall out and leave a hole.

Coupling

means that part of a vehicle that is specifically designed to enable it to be connected to another vehicle, and does not include a structural member of the towing or towed vehicle.

Cosmetic lamp

means a lamp that is not a headlamp, stop lamp, direction-indicator lamp, position lamp, rear registration plate illumination lamp, reflector, fog lamp, daytime running lamp, cornering lamp, reversing lamp, reflective material, interior lamp, work lamp, flashing or revolving beacon or illuminated vehicle-mounted sign.

Crew

in relaton to a PSV, means the person or group of persons in control or having responsibility for the operation of the vehicle or the well-being of the passengers.

Cross-ply

means a pneumatic tyre structure in which the ply cords in the tyre carcass extend to the beads and are laid at alternate angles, which are substantially less than 90 degrees, to the centreline of the tread. This tyre structure is also referred to as ‘bias ply’ or ‘diagonal ply’.

Cut-off

means that part of a dipped beam that marks a separation between areas of higher and lower luminance.

Daytime running lamp

means a lamp designed to emit a low-intensity light forward of a vehicle to make it more easily seen in the daytime.

Deceleration

means the rate of speed reduction over time.

Dedicated combination

means, in relation to heavy vehicle brakes, a combination of vehicles certified for use in combination where both vehicles are affixed with a plate clearly and indelibly marked with the VIN or chassis number of the vehicle.

Dedicated emergency exit

in relation to a PSV, means any doorway, window, hatch or other opening that is designed and constructed solely to provide a means of leaving the vehicle in the event of an emergency.

Dedicated groundsprayer

means a self-propelled or trailing machine whose sole function is the application of chemicals or liquid fertiliser to crops or to the ground.

De-registered

means that a vehicle’s New Zealand registration has been cancelled in accordance with section 27 or section 28 of the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986.

Design

in relation to a motor vehicle, refers to the construction of the motor vehicle, and not its use or intended use, and ‘designed’ has a corresponding meaning.

Determination

means a record, in paper or electronic form, that a vehicle or specific aspect of vehicle complies or does not comply with the applicable requirements.

Dipped beam

means a beam of light, emitted from a lamp fitted to a vehicle, that is angled downwards in such a way that it prevents undue dazzle or discomfort to oncoming drivers and other road users.

Dipped-beam headlamp

means a headlamp designed to emit a dipped beam.

Direct trailer service brake

means a service brake fitted to a trailer that allows the driver of a towing vehicle, by operating the service brake of the towing vehicle, to directly and progressively regulate the trailer brake effort.

Direction indicator lamp

means a lamp designed to emit a flashing light to signal the intention of the driver to change the direction of the vehicle to the right or to the left.

Door retention system

means any system, contrivance or mechanism that connects the doors of a motor vehicle to those doorways that are used for the entry and exit of vehicle occupants.

Drawbar

means an assembly of components, that includes: the trailer coupling that connects the trailer to the coupling of the towing vehicle, hinges (where applicable) and the structural and other related components between the trailer coupling and trailer bogie or chassis.

Drawbeam

means the part of the towing vehicle to which a coupling is fitted to enable a heavy trailer to be connected, and includes the attached coupling.

Dual steeringin relation to a vehicle, means the vehicle is able to be steered from the left-hand and right-hand side of the vehicle.

Electronic stability control (ESC)

means a system that electronically regulates the stability of a motor vehicle and, as a minimum, has the following attributes:

a) improves vehicle directional stability by at least having the ability to automatically control individually the braking torques of the left and right wheels on each axle, or an axle of each axle group, to induce a correcting yaw moment based on the evaluation of actual vehicle behaviour in comparison with a determination of vehicle behaviour demanded by the driver, and

b) is computer-controlled, with the computer using a closed-loop algorithm to limit vehicle oversteer and to limit vehicle understeer based on the evaluation of actual vehicle behaviour in comparison with a determination of vehicle behaviour demanded by the driver, and

c) has a means to determine directly the value of the vehicle’s yaw rate and to estimate its side slip or side slip derivative with respect to time, and

d) has a means to monitor driver steering inputs.

Emergency brake

in relation to any vehicle, or combination of vehicles, means the system that makes it possible to undertake a controlled stop of the vehicle or combination in the event of the failure of the service brake.

Emergency exit

means:

a) a door used for the entry and exit of the occupants and, for this purpose, a door of double width is a single emergency exit

b) the access between the front and rear sections of an articulated bus

c) the stairway from the upper deck to the lower deck

d) a dedicated emergency exit.

Emergency vehicle

means a vehicle used for attendance at emergencies and operated

a) by an enforcement officer, or

b) by an ambulance service, or

c) as a fire service vehicle, or

d) as a civil defence emergency vehicle, or

e) as a defence force emergency vehicle.

End-outline marker lamp

means a position lamp designed to be fitted near the outer extremity of a vehicle in addition to forward-facing and rearward-facing position lamps, and includes a cab roof lamp.

Engine brake

means a device or feature of an engine to increase, when applied, the retardation force provided by the engine that can be utilised to control the speed of the vehicle.

Enter service

in relation to a vehicle, means to begin to be operated in service on the road in New Zealand for the first time in compliance with registration requirements of the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986.

Entered service as a passenger service vehicle

means the most recent occasion of the vehicle entering service as a passenger service vehicle.

Entry inspecting organisation

means an inspecting organisation appointed to carry out entry and re-entry inspection and certification activities, including the issuing of VIN numbers. For a list of appointed entry IOs, click here.

Entry inspection and certification

means inspection and certification of a vehicle that is entering or re-entering service, and that is carried out by an entry certifier.

Evidence of vehicle inspection

in relation to a vehicle, means any certificate, label or document issued as evidence of the completion of the periodic vehicle inspection requirements in respect of that vehicle (ie a WoF or CoF label or an Alternative Fuel Inspection Certificate, but not a temporary permit).

Exhaust system

means a pipe assembly through which the engine exhaust gases pass to the atmosphere and includes some means of sound attenuation.

Fifth wheel

means a device fitted to a vehicle to enable a semi-trailer to be connected to it by means of a kingpin so that the semi-trailer may be towed.

First registered

in relation to a motor vehicle, means, unless specified otherwise, first registered in any country.

Fog lamp

means a high-intensity lamp designed to aid the driver or other road users in conditions of severely reduced visibility, including fog or snow, but not including clear atmospheric conditions under the hours of darkness, and that is

a) a front fog lamp, or

b) a rear fog lamp.

Foot room

means an area on the floor in front of the seat or partially under the seat to accommodate the feet of the person sitting on the seat.

Forestry

in relation to purpose or operations, means connected directly with the operation or management of a forest. A ‘forestry chipper’ is a vehicle that is designed and used exclusively in this capacity.

Forklift

means a motor vehicle (not fitted with self-laying tracks) designed principally for lifting, carrying and stacking goods by means of one or more tines, platens or clamps.

Forward distance

means:

a) in relation to a rigid vehicle, or the front section of an articulated bus, the distance from the rear axis to the front of the vehicle or its load, whichever is foremost

b) in relation to a full trailer, the distance from the rear axis to the front of the trailer (excluding the drawbar and front axle set with its associated carriage) or its load, whichever is foremost

c) in relation to a simple trailer, or the rear section of an articulated bus, the distance from the rear axis to the centre of the point of attachment to the towing vehicle

d) in relation to a semi-trailer, the distance from the rear axis to centre of the kingpin

e) in relation to a pole trailer with only one axle set, the distance, excluding load, from the trailer’s rear axis to the centre of the point of attachment to the towing vehicle with the drawbar fully extended

f) for a pole trailer having two axle sets, the distance, excluding load, from the trailer’s front axis to the centre of the point of attachment to the towing vehicle with the drawbar fully extended.

Foundation brake

means the basic brake assembly fitted to each axle or road wheel which produces the braking force necessary to bring a vehicle to a stop; and includes the complete drum or disc brake.

Front axis

means:

a) the centre point of the front axle set of a trailer that has two axle sets and is steered by the front axle set, or

b) the centre of the foremost axle of a rigid vehicle with motive power.

Front fog lamp

means a fog lamp designed to provide a dipped beam of light to the front of a motor vehicle for the purpose of illuminating the road ahead of that vehicle.

Front overhang

means the distance measured to the foremost point of the vehicle, including its load but in the case of a full trailer excluding the drawbar, from the following positions:

a) for a rigid vehicle, from the front edge of the driver’s seat, when in the rearmost position, or

b) for a semi-trailer, the centre of the kingpin, or

c) for a full trailer, the centre of the turntable, or

d) for a simple trailer, the centre of the tow coupling, or

e) for the load of a pole trailer combination, the centre of the turntable on the towing vehicle.

Frontal impact protection system

means a set of associated parts, components and systems incorporated in a motor vehicle to protect occupants in a frontal impact collision.

Full trailer

means a trailer with two axle sets, the foremost of which is steered by a drawbar, and includes a semi-trailer with non-steering axles coupled to a converter dolly.

Goods

means all kinds of movable personal property, and includes articles sent by post and animals.

Goods service

means the carriage of goods on any road, whether or not for hire or reward, by means of a motor vehicle whose gross laden weight is 6000 kg or more, and includes the letting on hire of a motor vehicle whose gross laden weight is 6000kg or more by a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle, where the motor vehicle is used for the carriage of goods.

Goods service licence

means a transport service licence granted by the NZTA that authorises its holder to carry on a goods service.

Goods service vehicle

means a motor vehicle used or capable of being used in a goods service for the carriage of goods, but does not include a vehicle specified as an exempt goods service vehicle in the regulations or the rules.

Goods vehicle

means a motor vehicle that is constructed primarily for the carriage of goods.

Gross combination mass

means, for a vehicle that is permitted to tow another vehicle, the maximum permitted combined mass of the towing vehicle and any combination of attached trailers or vehicles, determined by the vehicle manufacturer and approved by the NZTA, or determined by the NZTA.

Gross laden weight

in relation to a motor vehicle, means:

a) the greatest of the following weights:

i. a weight specified (subsequent to the latest modification specified, if any) as the gross laden weight of the vehicle by the manufacturer of the vehicle

ii. a weight specified as the gross laden weight of the vehicle, or of a vehicle of that kind, by or under the regulations or the rules

iii. the weight of the vehicle, together with the load that the vehicle is for the time being carrying, including equipment and accessories

b) if evidence is adduced in respect of any but not all of the 3 weights referred to in paragraph (a), the greater of the weights, or (as the case may be) the only weight, in respect of which evidence is adduced

c) if evidence is not adduced in respect of any of the weights referred to in paragraph (a), the total of the unladen weight of the vehicle and the weight of the maximum load that the vehicle may safely carry.

Gross mass (GM)
(or gross weight)

in relation to any vehicle or combination vehicle, means the mass of that vehicle and its load, equipment, and accessories, which may be determined by adding the mass on the vehicle’s axles or axle sets.

Gross vehicle mass (GVM)

means either:

a) the maximum permitted mass of a vehicle, which includes the mass of the accessories, the crew, the passengers and load, and is, unless (b) applies, the gross vehicle mass specified (subsequent to the latest modification, if any) by the manufacturer of the vehicle, or

b) if a person approved for the purpose by the NZTA determines that the gross vehicle mass of a vehicle should differ from that specified by the manufacturer, taking into account evidence on the capability of the systems and components of the vehicle, or the effects of any modification, that mass determined by that person.

Groundspreader

means a vehicle designed specifically for the carriage of powder or particulate artificial fertilisers on the road, and for the distribution of those fertilisers directly from the vehicle onto the land by means of a mechanical or pneumatic distributor that forms part of the vehicle.

Group

in relation to vehicles, means a collective category of the vehicle classes listed under 3.2 of the Introduction as follows:

(a) Group A means vehicles of class AA and AB

(b) Group L means vehicles of class LA, LB, LC, LD and LE

(c) group M means vehicles of class MA, MB, MC, MD and ME

(d) Group N means vehicles of class NA, NB and NC

(e) Group T means vehicles of class TA, TB, TC and TD.

Head restraint

means a fitting forming part of a vehicle seat intended to restrain occupants’ heads from excessive movement in the event of a crash.

Headboard

means the substantially vertical part of the forward end of a flat deck or curtain-sided body of a vehicle.

Headlamp

means a lamp designed to illuminate the road ahead of a vehicle, and that is:

(a) a dipped-beam headlamp, or

(b) a main-beam headlamp, or

(c) a combination of a dipped-beam headlamp and a main-beam headlamp.

Heavy haulage trailer

means a trailer that is fitted with an hydraulic suspension system that allows the adjustment of the ride height, and for which the pressure in the hydraulic system varies significantly at any given load condition of the trailer depending solely on the ride height.

Heavy (motor) vehicle

means a motor vehicle that is:

(a) of class MD3, MD4, ME, NB, NC, TC or TD, or

(b) a vehicle not listed under 3.2 of the Introduction with a gross vehicle mass that exceeds 3500 kg.

Heavy passenger service vehicle (heavy PSV)

means a passenger service vehicle whose gross vehicle mass exceeds 3500kg.

Heavy vehicle specialist inspection and certification

means specialist inspection and certification of specific aspects of a heavy vehicle.

High-mounted stop lamp

means a stop lamp that is designed to be fitted in a central, high-mounted position at the rear of a vehicle.

Hook truck

means a vehicle recovery service vehicle with a crane hoist that partially lifts the vehicle to be recovered, which is then towed in this position.

Hours of darkness

means:

(a) a period of time between half an hour after sunset on one day and half an hour before sunrise on the next day, or

(b) any other time when there is not sufficient daylight to render clearly visible a person or vehicle at a distance of 100 m.

Hub

means the part of a vehicle that is attached to the axle and rotates on, or with, the axle, and to which the wheel is attached, and includes any bearings.

HVS

means heavy vehicle specialist, as in HVS certification.

Hydraulic brake

means a brake that utilises hydraulic pressure to activate the foundation brake, whether its operation is assisted by compressed air, vacuum or any other means.

Independent brake

means a brake of which the entire operating mechanism or system is either:

(a) distinct and separate from all parts or connections of any other brake or brake system, so that the independent brake cannot be adversely affected by the operation or failure of any other brake, or

(b) common to any other brake or brake system only in parts or connections which are of such design and strength that under normal operating conditions and with a proper standard of maintenance there is no reasonable probability of failure by reason of the failure of any other brake or brake system.

Indirect trailer service brake

means a service brake fitted to a trailer where the action of the driver of a towing vehicle applying the brakes of that vehicle results in a reaction by the trailer that is used to progressively regulate the trailer brake effort.

Inspecting organisation

means a person or organisation appointed by the NZTA who is responsible for inspection and certification outcomes.

Inspection and certification

means the performance of two or more of the following, for the purposes of determining compliance with applicable requirements:

(a) examining vehicles

(b) determining whether or not a vehicle or specific aspect of a vehicle complies with applicable requirements

(c) issuing evidence of vehicle inspection, a conditional permit or a certificate of loading

(d) recording and making available information about vehicles (including their systems, components, devices, fittings and equipment).

Inspection and certification document

means a document required, produced or issued in the inspection and certification process, including a plate, a label, an electronic record and a check sheet.

Inspection and certification outcome

in relation to a vehicle, means:

(a) production of a record of determination as appropriate to the inspection and certification activity, or

(b) provision of other records and information about the vehicle to the NZTA or other persons, or

(c) production of evidence of vehicle inspection, conditional permits or certificates of loading.

Installer

in relation to glazing, means a person who repairs or modifies a vehicle by installing glazing in the vehicle.

Inter-vehicle spacing

means the distance between a towing vehicle (excluding the tow coupling shroud) and trailer (excluding the drawbar or tow rope or front dolly but including the load).

Interior lamp

means a lamp designed to illuminate the interior of the vehicle for the convenience of passengers.

J-hook assembly

means a load-rated metal lashing that:

(a) consists of a bush, fastener, associated washer or washers, and J-shaped bar including its threaded portion, and

(b) is used for the retention of a stockcrate or detachable bin to the vehicle load platform, and

(c) is vertically fixed either inside or outside the deck coaming rail and tensioned through a permanently fitted bush on the crate or bin structure by way of a threaded fastener.

Jinker pole

means a telescoping or sliding pole that forms the drawbar to steer a pole trailer.

Kingpin

means a pin attached to the skid plate of a semi-trailer and used for connecting the semi-trailer to the fifth wheel of a towing vehicle.

KSDPmeans key service delivery partner. They are defined as organisations that are contracted or appointed by the Transport Agency to delivery regulatory products or services and who have sufficient market share and/or are of sufficient size and standing within an industry segment to be able to represent and influence the customer expectation of that industry segment.

Laden weight

means the weight of the vehicle and its load for the time being carried.

Laminated glass

means glazing consisting of two or more pieces of sheet glass, plate glass or float glass bonded together by one or more intervening layers of plastic material.

Lamp

means a device designed to emit light, and includes an array of separate light sources that appear as a continuous illuminated surface.

Lap-and-diagonal seatbelt

means a seatbelt comprising a lap strap that passes across the front of the wearer’s pelvic region, and a diagonal strap that passes across the front of the wearer’s torso from one side of the pelvic region to the shoulder on the opposite side.

Lap seatbelt

means a seatbelt that passes solely across the front of the wearer’s pelvic region.

Lifting gear

in relation to a vehicle recovery service vehicle, means any equipment used to lift another vehicle, and includes towing attachments.

Light (motor) vehicle

means a motor vehicle that is:

(a) of group A or L, or of class MA, MB, MC, MD1, MD2, NA, TA or TB, or

(b) a vehicle not listed under 3.2 of the Introduction with a gross vehicle mass of 3500kg or less.

Light output

means the intensity or brightness of light emitted from lighting equipment per unit area in a given direction.

Light passenger service vehicle (light PSV)

means a passenger service vehicle whose gross vehicle mass is 3500kg or less.

Light source

means a device that emits light, including an incandescent or fluorescent light bulb, with each filament in an incandescent bulb having multiple filaments deemed to be a separate light source.

Light trailer

means a trailer that has a gross vehicle mass of 3500 kg or less.

Lighting equipment

means equipment designed both to emit or reflect light and to be fitted to a vehicle, and includes a reflector and reflective material.

Lighting equipment endorsement

means an endorsement, relating to lighting equipment on historic vehicles, on a valid Vehicle Identity Card issued by the Vintage Car Club of New Zealand (Inc.).

Load

includes part of a load, and:

(a) includes covers, ropes, ties, blocks, tackles, barrows or other equipment or objects used in the securing or containing of a load on a vehicle or the loading or unloading of a vehicle, whether or not any other load is on the vehicle, and

(b) does not include animal wastes discharged from animals being carried on a vehicle at the time.

Load anchorage point

means a device permanently attached to a vehicle to enable a load to be secured or attached to the vehicle.

Load rating

means the maximum force that can be withstood without incurring any loss of structural capacity.

Load securing equipment

means equipment or a device permanently fitted to a vehicle to secure, either by itself or in conjunction with other equipment or devices such as lashings, a load to a vehicle.

Load-sharing axle set

means an axle set suspension system that has effective damping characteristics on all axles of the set and is built to divide the load between the tyres on the set so that no tyre carries a mass more than 10% greater than the mass it would carry if

(a) the load were divided in the axle set so that each tyre carries an equal load, or

(b)

the axle set is a tandem axle set comprising a twin-tyred axle and a single large-tyred axle and is built to divide the load between the tyres on the set so that

i. 60% of the load is borne by the twin-tyred axle and 40% of the load is borne by the single large-tyred axle, or

ii. 55% of the load is borne by the twin-tyred axle and 45% of the load is borne by the single large-tyred axle.

Logging bolster

means a vertically orientated member attached to a vehicle that is used to secure loads of timber logs.

Logging truck

means a heavy motor vehicle designed and used principally for transporting logs.

Logging vehicle

means a vehicle that is constructed exclusively for transporting timber logs using permanently fitted log bolsters.

Low volume vehicle

means a make and model of a vehicle of a class other than MD3, MD4, ME, NB, NC, TC and TD, that is:

(a) manufactured, assembled, or scratch-built in quantities of 500 or less in any one year, and where the construction of the vehicle may directly or indirectly affect compliance of the vehicle with any of the vehicle standards prescribed by New Zealand law, or

(b) modified uniquely, or in quantities of 500 or less in any one year, in such a way that compliance of the vehicle, its structure, systems, components or equipment with a legal requirement relating to safety performance applicable at the time of the modification may be affected.

Low Volume Vehicle Code

means the code of the Low Volume Vehicle Technical Association Incorporated (LVVTA).

Low volume vehicle plate, label or authority card

means a plate, label or authority card issued in accordance with the Low Volume Vehicle Code.

Low volume vehicle specialist inspection and certification

means specialist inspection and certification of a light vehicle as specified in the Low Volume Vehicle Code.

LPG

means liquefied petroleum gas.

LVV

means low volume vehicle.

LVVTA

means the Low Volume Vehicle Technical Association. The LVVTA administers the Low Volume Vehicle Code.

Main-beam headlamp

means a headlamp designed to illuminate the road over a long distance ahead of a vehicle.

Manufacturer’s operating limits

means:

(a) in relation to a motor vehicle, the allowance provided by the vehicle manufacturer in terms of performance capability and dimensions, relative to deterioration, malfunction or damage beyond which the safe performance of the vehicle, as defined by the vehicle manufacturer, is compromised, and

(b) in relation to a system, component or item of equipment, incorporated in or attached to a vehicle, the allowance provided by the system, component or equipment manufacturer in terms of performance capability and dimensions, relative to the deterioration, malfunction or damage, beyond which the safe performance of the system, component or item of equipment (and consequently the vehicle) is compromised.

Maximum towed mass

means the maximum permitted mass of all vehicles that may be towed behind a vehicle as determined by the manufacturer of the towing vehicle and approved by the NZTA.

Middle seating position

means a seating position in a vehicle that is not an outer seating position.

Military trailer

means a trailer that is used exclusively as equipment of the New Zealand Defence Force.

Mobile crane

means a non-load carrying self-propelled vehicle designed solely or principally for lifting objects using a boom with lifting gear.

Modify

in relation to a vehicle, means to change the vehicle structure from its original state by altering, substituting, adding or removing any structure, system, component or equipment, but does not include repair.

Monocoque

in relation to a motor vehicle, means that the chassis of the vehicle is integral to the body.

Motor vehicle

means a vehicle drawn or propelled by mechanical power, and includes a trailer, but does not include:

(a) a vehicle running on rails

(b) a trailer (other than a trailer designed solely for the carriage of goods) that is designed and used exclusively as part of the armament of the New Zealand Defence Force

(c) a trailer running on one wheel and designed exclusively as a speed measuring device or for testing the wear of vehicle tyres

(d) a vehicle designed for amusement purposes and used exclusively within a place of recreation, amusement or entertainment to which the public does not have access with motor vehicles

(e) a pedestrian-controlled machine

(f) a vehicle that the NZTA has declared is not a motor vehicle under section 168A of the Land Transport Act 1998

(g) a mobility device.

Motorcycle

means a motor vehicle running on 2 wheels, or not more than 3 wheels when fitted with a sidecar, and includes a vehicle with motorcycle controls that is approved as a motorcycle by the NZTA, but does not include a moped.

Motorhome

in relation to seatbelts and seatbelt anchorages only, means a motor vehicle, other than a trailer, that is permanently equipped with features intended to make the vehicle suitable as a dwelling place, and must include at least one sleeping berth and one table, both of which may be of a design that allows them to be retracted or folded away.

Mudguard

means a fitting, inclusive of any portion of the vehicle and of any mudflaps attached, that serves to intercept material thrown up by a wheel more or less in the plane of the wheel.

Multiple-sensitive emergency-locking retractor

means a seatbelt retractor that, during normal driving conditions, allows freedom of movement by the wearer of the seatbelt by means of length-adjusting components that automatically adjust the strap to the wearer, and that is activated by two or more of the following:

(a) deceleration of the vehicle (ie vehicle sensitive), or

(b) acceleration of the strap from the retractor (ie web-sensitive), or

(c) other means of activation.

Non-steering axle

means any axle of a vehicle the wheels of which remain substantailly parallel with the longitudinal centreline of the vehicle while the vehicle is turning.

Normal braking

means the level of braking applied to a vehicle that does not lock any of the vehicle’s wheels and permits the vehicle to decelerate without adversely affecting directional control.

Notice of appointmentmeans the notice by which the Transport Agency appoints an inspecting organisation under the Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002 to carry out specified inspection and certification activities at specified sites. The appointment is subject to certain specified requirements and conditions, including compliance with the requirements contained in this manual [the VIRM].

NZTA

means the New Zealand Transport Agency

Occupant

in relation to a PSV, means a passenger or a member of the crew, whether seated or standing.

Open-bodied vehicle

means a PSV which is not fully enclosed by a permanent body structure.

Operate

in relation to a vehicle, means to drive or use the vehicle on a road, or to cause or permit the vehicle to be on a road or to be driven on a road, whether or not the person is present with the vehicle.

Operation in service

in relation to a vehicle, means to be operated on the road in New Zealand after having been registered in compliance with requirements in the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986.

Original equipment (OE)

(unless stated otherwise elsewhere in this manual) means equipment that is fitted by the vehicle manufacturer when the vehicle is manufactured, or equipment that is approved by the vehicle manufacturer for use in a specific vehicle type for a specific purpose or as a replacement for the original equipment.

Oscillating Axle

means any axle that complies with the following provisions:

(a) the axle has four wheels and four or eight tyres attached to it, consisting of two pairs of wheels, and

(b) each of the pair of wheels is mounted on a separate axle affixed to the vehicle so as to share the load equally between the two wheels and to permit oscillation of the separate axles in a vertical transverse plane which is at right angles to the longitudinal centreline of the vehicle, and

(c) the centre of each such wheel is at least 500mm distant from the centre of every other wheel fitted to the motor vehicle.

Outdoor-access vehicle

means a PSV that is used to provide access to remote areas solely in connection with outdoor activities.

Outer seating position

means a seating position next to a side wall of the vehicle where there is no more than 500mm between the longitudinal centre of the seat and the side wall.

Outrigger

in relation to a vehicle that is fitted with a crane or hoist, means a device fitted to the vehicle that extends and stabilises the vehicle while the crane or hoist is in use.

Overall length

means the length of a vehicle or vehicle combination measured in a straight line, and includes:

(a) the length of any load, and

(b) the length of the drawbar in a fully extended horizontal straight ahead position measured to the towing eye centre of a full trailer when measured on its own.

Overall visible light transmittance

is the visible light transmittance (VLT) of glazing including any overlays that are applied to the glazing.

Overlay

means a transparent, translucent or opaque self-adhesive or clinging film that is applied to large areas, or the entirety, of a piece of glazing for purposes such as, but not limited to, reduction of ultraviolet, infrared or visible light transmission, advertising, identification, information, protection or for aesthetic reasons, and includes:

(a) an anti-glare band overlay, and

(b) a stoneguard overlay, and

(c) a sticker of a size that cannot be wholly contained within the limits relating to the location and size of stickers on a particular piece of glazing, depending on the location of that piece of glazing on the vehicle.

Parking brake

means a brake that is designed for keeping the vehicle stationary, and that is readily applicable and capable of remaining applied for an indefinite period without further attention.

Passenger

means a person travelling in a vehicle but does not include the crew.

Passenger service

means the carriage of passengers on any road for hire or reward by means of a motor vehicle, and includes the letting on hire of a vehicle by a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle if, during the hiring, the vehicle is used for the carriage of passengers.

Passenger service licence

means a transport service licence granted by the NZTA that authorises its holder to carry on a passenger service.

Passenger service vehicle (PSV)

means:

(a) a motor vehicle used or available for use in a passenger service for the carriage of passengers, or

(b) a motor vehicle with more than 12 seating positions, or

(c) a heavy motor vehicle with more than nine seating positions.

Note The following vehicles are not required to comply with the Passenger Service Vehicles Rule requirements contained in the light PSV and heavy PSV VIRM pages:

(a) vehicles exempted from the transport service licensing requirements

(b) ambulances designed to carry recumbent patients

(c) vehicles designed or modified for lawfully-detained persons

(d) NZ Defence Force dual purpose trucks with removable seating (eg some NZ Army Pinzgauers)

(e) NZ Defence Force armoured vehicles

(f) Vehicles registered under the Amusement Devices Regulations 1978 that are either used in venture tourism or that are trailers designed, constructed and permitted to be drawn at a maximum speed of 50 km/h or less

(g) Motorcycles and motorcycles with side cars.

Passenger vehicle

means a motor vehicle constructed primarily for the carriage of passengers.

Permanent structure

means a non-removable structure capable of sustaining loads associated with seatbelts and seatbelt anchorages.

Pivot steer vehicle

means a vehicle with a chassis that is split into two dependent parts that are connected by a permanent steering pivot.

Pneumatic tyre

means a tyre that, when in use, is inflated by air or gas introduced from time to time under pressure so as to enclose under normal inflation a cushion of air or gas forming altogether at least half of the total area of an average cross-section of a tyre so inflated.

Pole trailer

means a trailer that is attached to a towing vehicle by a telescoping or sliding pole, and is designed to support a common long load spanning between the trailer and the towing vehicle.

Position lamp

means a low-intensity lamp that is designed to indicate to road users the presence and dimensions of a vehicle, being:

(a) a forward-facing position lamp, or

(b) a rearward-facing position lamp, or

(c) a side-marker lamp, or

(d) an end-outline marker lamp.

PRS manual

means the Performance review system manual.

QMSmeans quality management system which replaces the old performance review system (PRS)

Quad-axle set

means a set of four axles, where:

(a) the centres of the first and fourth axles are spaced not less than 3.75m and not more than 4m apart, and

(b) all axles contain an equal number of tyres, and

(c) none of the axles is a single standard-tyred axle.

Radial-ply

means a pneumatic tyre structure in which the ply cords, which extend from bead to bead, are laid at approximately 90 degrees to the centreline of the tread, the carcass being stabilised by an essentially inextensible circumferential belt.

Re-enter service

in relation to a vehicle previously certified for entry into service on the road in New Zealand that has been de-registered, means to begin to be operated in service again.

Rear axis

(a) in relation to a vehicle with only one non-steering axle, means that axle

(b) in relation to a vehicle with a non-steering axle set of two axles, means

i. midway between those axles, if each axle has an equal number of tyres on it

ii. two-thirds of the distance from the lesser-tyred axle towards the greater-tyred axle, if one axle has twice as many tyres on it as the other axle

(c) in relation to a vehicle with a non-steering tri-axle set or a non-steering quad-axle set, or an overdimension vehicle with more than three axles, means midway between the extreme axles of the set

(d) except as specified in (e) below, in relation to a vehicle whose rear axle set includes one or more steerable axles in conjunction with one or more non-steering axles, means midway between the extreme non-steering axles of the set

(e) in relation to a semi-trailer with two non-steering axles at the front and two steering axles at the rear, means the centre line of the second non-steering axle

(f) in relation to a vehicle whose rear axle set includes one or more retracted axles in conjunction with one or more non-retracted axles, means midway between the extreme non-retracted axles of the set

(g) in relation to a vehicle that does not have an axle arrangement that is in paragraphs (a) to (f), means a position determined by the NZTA.

Rear fog lamp

means a fog lamp designed to indicate to road users the presence of the rear of the vehicle.

Rear overhang

(a) for pole trailers transporting a long load, means the distance from the rear axis or centre of the bolster to the rear of the vehicle or its load, whichever is greater

(b) for all other vehicles, means the distance from the rear axis to the rear of the vehicle or its load, whichever is the greater.

Rear-registration-plate illumination lamp

means a lamp designed to illuminate the rear registration plate of a motor vehicle.

Rear seating position

means a seating position in a vehicle behind the driver.

Rear trailing unit distance

means the maximum distance from the centre of the fifth wheel or tow coupling on the towing vehicle to the rear of the combination.

Record of determination

means a record, in paper or electronic form, that a vehicle or specific aspect of a vehicle complies or does not comply with applicable requirements.

Reflective material

means any material that reflects incident light back towards the light source or in a specific direction, but does not include a reflector.

Reflector

means a distinct item of lighting equipment that is designed to reflect incident light back towards the light source, but does not include retroreflective material.

Registered

in relation to a vehicle, means registered under the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986.

Rental service

means the letting of a motor vehicle on hire for the carriage of passengers (including the driver) or of goods, or both, to a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle.

Rental service licence

means a transport service licence granted by the NZTA that authorises its holder to carry on a rental service.

Rental service vehicle

means a vehicle used or available for use in a rental service for letting on hire for the carriage of passengers or goods, or both, to a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle.

Repair

means to restore a damaged or worn motor vehicle, its structure, systems, components or equipment, and includes the replacement of damaged or worn structures, systems, components or equipment with equivalent undamaged or new structures, systems, components or equipment.

Retarder

means a device permanently fitted to a vehicle to provide, when applied, a continuous braking effort not generated by a brake.

Retractable axle

means an axle that has a convenient adjustment to allow the axle load distribution of the axle set to be varied substantially. An axle that is retracted is not considered to be part of the axle set.

Retractor

means a device to accommodate parts, or all, of the webbing of a seatbelt.

Retrofit

in relation to a seatbelt or seatbelt anchorage in a motor vehicle, means to fit a seatbelt or seatbelt anchorage in a location where a seatbelt or seatbelt anchorage has not been fitted before.

Reversing lamp

means a lamp designed to illuminate the area behind a vehicle while it is reversing and to warn other road users that the vehicle is reversing or about to reverse.

Rigid vehicle

means a vehicle that does not have any pivot points to allow any part of the chassis of the vehicle to move or rotate in relation to any other part of the chassis of the vehicle, and includes an articulated bus and a pivot steer vehicle.

Rim

means that part of the wheel on which the tyre is mounted and supported.

Rule

means Land Transport Rule: Vehicle Standards Compliance 2002.

Safe tolerance

means the tolerance within which the safe performance of the vehicle, its structure, systems, components or equipment is not compromised, having regard to any manufacturer’s operating limits.

Scene lamp

means a work lamp designed to provide a fixed or moveable beam of light to illuminate the area around a vehicle, or the vehicle itself.

Seat

means an assembly, or part of an assembly, intended to seat at least one person, which may or may not be integral to the structure of the vehicle.

Seat anchorage

means the parts of the vehicle structure to which a seat is attached.

Seatbelt

means an assembly of straps made of webbing or metal with a securing buckle, adjusting devices and attachments, including any device for absorbing energy or for retracting the webbing, that:

(a) is able to be anchored to the interior of a vehicle, and

(b) is designed to diminish the risk of injury to its wearer in the event of a collision or abrupt deceleration of the vehicle by limiting the mobility of the wearer’s body.

Seatbelt anchorage

means the parts of the vehicle structure, seat structure or any other part of the vehicle to which a seatbelt assembly is attached.

Seating position

means a seat or part of a seat that is of a suitable size and shape for one person.

Semi-trailer

means a trailer with only one axle set where the point of attachment to the towing vehicle or leading trailer:

(a) is no further rearward than the rearmost axle of the towing vehicle or rearmost axle of the leading trailer, or

(b) if the towing vehicle is a rigid vehicle and has more than one axle in its rear axle set, is no more than 300mm rearward of the rear axis of the towing vehicle.

Service brake

means a brake for intermittent use that is normally used to slow down and stop a vehicle.

Shuttle service

means a passenger service carried on by means of a shuttle or shuttles.

Side-marker lamp

means a position lamp designed to be fitted to the side of a vehicle or its load.

Sideboard

means the substantially vertical part of the side of a flat deck body of a vehicle.

Simple trailer

means a trailer (other than a semi-trailer) that has only one axle set.

Single-axle set

means either one axle or two axles having their centres spaced less than 1m apart.

Single large-tyred axle

means a single-tyred axle where the manufacturer’s designated tyre section width is 355mm or more but less than 444mm.

Single mega-tyres axlemeans a single-tyred axle where the manufacturer’s designated tyre section width is 444mm or more.

Single-sensitive emergency-locking retractor

means a seatbelt retractor that, during normal driving conditions, does not restrict the freedom of movement by the wearer of the seatbelt by means of length adjusting components that automatically adjust the seatbelt to the wearer, and that comprises a locking mechanism activated in an emergency by deceleration of the vehicle.

Single standard-tyred axle

means a single-tyred axle where the manufacturer’s designated tyre section width is less than 355mm.

Single-tyred axle

means any axle fitted with two or more wheels, but which is neither an oscillating axle nor a twin-tyred axle.

Skid plate

means the plate stucture forming part of the semi-trailer that houses the kingpin and that mounts on the coupler plate to form the connection between the towing vehicle and the semi-trailer.

Small PSVmeans a passenger service vehicle, used or available for use in a passenger service for the carriage of passengers, that is designed or adapted to carry 12 or fewer persons (including the driver).

Specialist inspection and certification

means inspection and certification of a specific aspect of a vehicle.

Specialist seatbelt

means a seatbelt that is designed for specialist purposes, and includes a full harness seatbelt used for motor sport activities.

Specific purpose

in relation to the modification of a motor vehicle, includes, but is not limited to, a modification for motor sport activities and for a person with a disability.

Speedometer

means an instrument in a motor vehicle that continuously indicates to the driver the forward speed of the vehicle in either kilometres per hour or miles per hour.

Static Roll Threshold (SRT)

means the maximum level of steady turning lateral acceleration a vehicle can tolerate without rolling over, which is expressed as a proportion of ‘g’ where ‘g’ is the acceleration constant due to gravity (9.81 m/s/s).

Steering axle

means the axle of a vehicle where the wheels can turn at an angle to the centreline of the vehicle.

Steering system

means those components, parts and systems that connect the driver’s controls to the vehicle’s wheels or tracks by means of which the direction of motion of a vehicle is controlled.

Sticker

in relation to glazing, means a self-adhesive or clinging film, with or without print on it, that is applied for purposes such as, but not limited to, advertising, identification, information, or for aesthetic or legal reasons.

Stinger lift truck

means a vehicle recovery service vehicle with an arm that partially lifts the vehicle to be recovered, which is then towed in this position.

Stockcrate

means a container designed for transporting livestock, which can be secured to a vehicle.

Stockcrate retention device

means one or more restraining devices or lashings designed to facilitate the attachment of the stockcrate to the deck or chassis of a vehicle.

Stoneguard overlay

means a clear overlay that is transparent and that is applied along the bottom edge of the windscreen for the purpose of preventing damage to the windscreen from stones and other debris thrown up by other vehicles.

Straddle truck

means a powered vehicle that transports a load beneath its chassis and between its wheels.

Stretch limousine

means a saloon-type motor vehicle that has been modified to increase the standard wheelbase by the insertion of a structure of a significant length whose cross-section conforms to that of the passenger compartment.

Sun visor

means any attachment mounted above the inside of the windscreen and provided for the purpose of shielding the eyes of the driver and other front seat passengers from solar glare.

Supply line

means the part of a brake circuit that supplies energy in the form of compressed air or in any other suitable form from the towing vehicle to the towed vehicle.

Suspension system

means a system that allows controlled and limited movement of an axle relative to the chassis or body of a vehicle, and includes a spring and damping system and any associated controls.

Swept path

means the maximum road width required by a vehicle when it negotiates a turn.

Symmetric dipped-beam headlamp

means a dipped-beam headlamp that is not an asymmetric dipped-beam headlamp.

Tailboard

means the substantially vertical part of the rear end of a flat deck or curtain-sided body of a vehicle.

Tandem axle set

means an axle set of two axles having their centres spaced not less than 1m and not more than 2m apart.

Temporary permit (or 28-day permit)

means inspection and certification document that confirms that a determination has been made that the vehicle is safe to be operated under specified conditions. This permit may be used only for CoF vehicles.

Temporary-use spare tyre

means a combination tyre and wheel designed and constructed solely for temporary use under restricted driving conditions, and not intended for use under normal driving conditions. (Commonly known as a ‘space-saver tyre’.)

Three-point linkage

means, for a tractor or agricultural trailer, a towing connection that has three points of attachment.

Threshold pressure

for an axle of an air-braked vehicle, means the pressure measured at the control line of the brake coupling when a braking effect on the axle begins.

Towbar

means the part of the towing vehicle to which a coupling for a light trailer is connected.

Towing connection

means the combination of components that enables one vehicle to tow or be towed by another vehicle, and includes a towbar, drawbar, drawbeam and coupling.

Towing vehicle

means a rigid vehicle that tows a trailer or other motor vehicle.

Tractor

means a motor vehicle (not being a traction engine) designed exclusively for traction at speeds not exceeding 50km/h (Note: See also definition for agricultural tractor).

Trailer

means a vehicle without motive power that is capable of being drawn or propelled by a motor vehicle from which it is readily detachable, but does not include

(a) a sidecar attached to a motorcycle, or

(b) a vehicle normally propelled by mechanical power while it is being temporarily towed without the use of its own power.

Trailer brake hand control

means a hand-operated control capable of applying the service brake of the trailer or trailers.

Transmission

in relation to a motor vehicle, means the gearing system and related components, including a driveshaft, by which power is transmitted from the flywheel or the engine output shaft to the input shafts of the powered axles.

Transport Agencymeans the NZ Transport Agency

Transport service licence

means any of the following licences granted by the NZTA:

(a) a goods service licence

(b) a passenger service licence

(c) a rental service licence

(d) a vehicle recovery service licence.

TRC

means the Transport Registry Centre of the NZTA.

Tri-axle set

means a set of three axles, where

(a) the centres of the first and third axles are spaced not less than 2m and not more than 3m apart, and

(b) all axles contain an equal number of tyres, and

(c) none of the axles is a single standard-tyred axle.

Tube

means an inflatable elastic liner, in the form of a hollow ring fitted with an inflation valve assembly, designed for insertion into certain tyre assemblies to provide a cushion of air or gas, that, when inflated, supports the wheel. (Also known as an ‘inner tube’.)

Twin-steer axle set

means an axle set of two axles with single tyres, where both axles are connected to the same mechanism in order to steer similarly.

Twin-tyred axle

means any axle, not being an oscillating axle, that has a wheel track of 1.3m or more and is equipped with four or more tyres.

Two-point linkage

means, for an agricultural trailer, a towing connection that has two points of attachment.

Tyre carcass

means that structural part of a pneumatic tyre other than the tread and outermost rubber of the sidewalls that, when inflated, contains the gas that supports the load.

Tyre load rating

means the maximum load a tyre can carry at the corresponding cold inflation pressure prescribed by the tyre manufacturer and the speed indicated by its speed category symbol.

Tyre pressure control system

means a system designed to maintain, monitor or vary tyre pressure while the vehicle is in operation.

Tyre rolling radius

means the distance from the centre of the wheel to the road.

Tyre tread

means the portion of a tyre that contacts the road.

Unclassified (motor) vehicle

In relation to lighting, means a motor vehicle not listed under 3.2 of the Introduction.

Unladen mass (or tare weight)

in relation to a vehicle, means the mass of the vehicle together with the fuel in its fuel system (if any) and the equipment and accessories on it that are necessary for its operation for the purpose for which it was designed.

Valid

in relation to a VIN, means capable of being decoded to provide information about the vehicle, from a unique number that has been assigned to the vehicle in the vehicle’s country of origin or by a person appointed by the NZTA.

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

means a group of letters and numbers, consisting of 17 characters, that is affixed to the vehicle and that complies with the requirements of one of the following

(a) ISO 3779, or

(b) Australian Design Rule 61/01, or

(c) Chapter 565 of the Code of Federal Regulations 49.

The VIN can be decoded to provide identifying information about the vehicle.

Vehicle inspector

means an individual appointed by the NZTA to carry out inspection and certification activities in accordance with requirements and conditions imposed by the NZTA.

Vehicle recovery service

means the towing or carrying on any road of a motor vehicle, irrespective of the size or design of the towing or carrying vehicle, and whether or not the towing or carrying of the vehicle is carried out by a person intending to carry out repairs on the vehicle.

Vehicle recovery service licence

means a transport service licence granted by the NZTA that authorises its holder to carry on a vehicle recovery service.

Vehicle recovery service vehicle

means a vehicle used or available for use in a vehicle recovery service for towing or carrying on a road any motor vehicle.

VIN issuing agentmeans an inspecting organisation approved to issue VIN numbers (VTNZ, VINZ, AA and some other independent inspecting organisations also approved to carry out entry inspections).
VIRMmeans vehicle inspection requirements manual

Visible light transmittance (VLT)

is the proportion of visible light that passes through glazing, measured perpendicular to the glazing.

Warrant of fitness (WoF)

means evidence of vehicle inspection issued to a vehicle listed under 3.3.2 of the Introduction.

Warrant of fitness inspection and certification

means periodic in-service inspection and certification of a vehicle listed under 3.3.2 of the Introduction.

Wheel

means a rotating load-carrying member between the tyre and the hub, which usually consists of two major parts, the rim and the wheel disc, and which may be manufactured as one part, or permanently attached to each other or detachable from each other and, where relevant, includes the tyre fitted to the rim.

Wheel centre-disc

means that part of the wheel that is the supporting member between the hub and the rim.

Wheel spacer

means an additional component used for the purpose of positioning the wheel centre-disc relative to the hub, or in multiple wheel sets, for the purpose of positioning the wheel centre-disc relative to another wheel.

Wheel track

means the distance between the centres of the left-side and right-side wheels of a pair of wheels.

Wheelbase

means the distance from a vehicle’s rear axis to its front axis.

Windscreen

means all glazing extending across the front of a vehicle that is not parallel to the vehicle’s longitudinal centreline, but does not include a wind deflector.

Wire glass

means glass that incorporates reinforcing wire mesh. This glass is sometimes fitted to dangerous goods vehicles and is not usually marked.

Work lamp

means a high-intensity lamp, which is not necessary for the operation of the vehicle but is designed to illuminate a work area or scene, and includes:

(a) a scene lamp, and

(b) a spot lamp, and

(c) an alley lamp.

Page amended 1 March 2016 (see amendment details).

Page amended 1 July 2015 (see amendment details).

8 Sample certification documents

  • Figure 8-1-1. LVV certification plates

  • Figure 8-1-2. Modification declaration

  • Figure 8-1-3. LVV Authority cards (can only be issued by MotorSport NZ and the NZ Hot Rod Association)

  • Figure 8-1-4. Vintage Car Club identity cards

  • Figure 8-1-5. Vehicle licence label

  • Figure 8-1-6. LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate
Figure 8-1-1. LVV certification plates

Figure 8-1-2. Modification declaration

  • Other formats are available, and an invoice from the company carrying out the modification is acceptable.

Note: Modification declarations were phased out in the early 1990s and totally replaced by LVV plates or authority cards in 1995.

Figure 8-1-3. LVV Authority cards (can only be issued by MotorSport NZ and the NZ Hot Rod Association)

5

Figure 8-1-4. Vintage Car Club identity card

5

The Vintage Car Club of New Zealand (Inc.) is recognised by the NZTA as the historic motor vehicle authority in New Zealand. They issue a vehicle identity card that can be used to confirm:)>

b) that the vehicle is a genuine historic motor vehicle and not a replica.

Historic vehicles that do not meet normal requirements for lighting equipment must present a vehicle identity card with a lighting endorsement at an in-service inspection. To pass the inspection the vehicle must meet the conditions of the endorsement. A historic vehicle may also have an endorsement for not meeting the normal requirements for visible smoke emissions.

Vehicle owners who would like more details should contact:

The National Vehicle Registrar
Vintage Car Club of New Zealand Inc.
PO Box 2546
CHRISTCHURCH

Figure 8-1-5. Vehicle licence label

5

Figure 8-1-6. LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

LT400

1 HV specialist certifier categories

Certification category

Description

Required documentation

HVEC, HVMC,HMCD

Chassis, suspension, steering, PSV rollover strength, PSV stability

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

HVET, HVMT, HMTD

Towing connections

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

HVEA, HVMA, HMAD

Load anchorages

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

HVEL, HVML, HMLD

Log bolster attachment code

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

HVEK, HVMK, HMKD

Brake modification including New Zealand Heavy Vehicle Brake Specification (HVBNZ)

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

Heavy vehicle brake code (HVBC)

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate, and Statement of Compliance with the HVBC

HVS1, HVS2

Static roll threshold (SRT)

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate and SRT compliance certificate

HVP1

Swept path Certification

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

HVP2

Performance based standards

LT400 Heavy vehicle specialist certificate

Page amended 1 May 2017 (see amendment details).