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5 Vision

5-1 Glazing

Reasons for rejection

Mandatory and permitted equipment

1. A windscreen that is required to be made of laminated glass is not made of laminated glass.

2. A piece of glazing fitted to a vehicle of class LA, LB1, LB2, LC, LD, LE1 or LE2 is not made of a transparent material that does not shatter.

3. A vehicle or piece of glazing does not comply with a requirement relating to mandatory or permitted equipment set out in:

Compliance with approved standards

4. A piece of glazing that is required to comply with an approved glazing standard did not comply, or cannot be demonstrated to have complied, with at least one of the standards listed in Table 5-1-1 at the time the vehicle was manufactured or the glazing was fitted.

Condition, performance and modification

5. A piece of glazing does not comply with a requirement relating to condition, performance or modification set out in:

Note 1

For a vehicle manufactured before 1 January 1991, a glazing marking which contains one or more of the approved trade names in Table 5-1-2 is evidence that a piece of glazing complies with an approved glazing standard.

Note 2

Curved scenic skylights above the cant rail, curved windows at the front and rear corners, skylights, louvres and interior partitions in omnibuses (vehicles of class MD1, MD2, MD3, MD4 and ME) are not required to comply with approved glazing standards if they are made of transparent material that does not shatter.

Note 3

The 35% VLT limit on rear and rear-side windows of MA class vehicles only applies to modified glazing. If the glazing is OE, unmodified, and is marked as complying with an approved standard or trade name, the glazing may be passed even with a VLT of less than 35%.

Note 4

See Technical bulletin 13 for an explanation of policy and requirements relating to glazing on house-trucks.

Table 5-1-1. Approved glazing standards*

UN-ECE Regulation no.

EEC/EC Directive

FMVSS

ADR

Japan

Others

43

92/22
2001/92

205

8

TS for window glass
JIS R3211
Article 29

BS 857
BS 5282
BS AU 178a
ANSI/SAE Z26.1
NZS 5443
AS 2080
AS/NZS 2080
SABS 1191/1193
ABG (behind driver only)

* A piece of glazing that is required to comply with an approved glazing standard must comply with at least one of the standards listed in the table.
Table 5-1-2. Approved trade names for glazing
Armourfloat
Armourplate
Blindex
Duolite Safety
Duplate Safety
Flolite
Ford Indestructo
Ford Safety Glass
Ford Silver Arrow
Glacetex
Hankuk Glass Safety Heat
Line
HMC Glass Safety Hankuk
TF5
HMC Glass Safety Hankuk
TV5
Indestructo
Nippon Safety
NM Laminated Safety Glass
FHP
Peerless
Plexite
Safetyflex
Safety MGB (Meloplate)
Safety MGB (Melite Safety
Plate)
Sekurit
Sigla
Spectrofloat Splintex
Sunmat
Suntex Safety Glass
Temperlite
Temperlite Santa Marina
Thorex Connex
Triplex
Triplex Plate
Tuflite
Tyneside
Veracetex
 
Table 5-1-3. Glossary of codes for safety glass

L =

laminated glass

LF =

laminated float

LP =

laminated plate

// or /// =

laminated when near the UN/ECE mark

L.76WHP =

laminated, 0.76mm interlayer, suitable for all locations

AS1 =

laminated for use anywhere in the vehicle

A down-arrow S or A up-arrow S =

the glass in the direction of the arrow complies with the 70% light transmission requirement

Table 5-1-4. Glossary of codes for including laminated glass

L

laminated glass

F

float glass

P

plate glass

LF

laminated float

LP

laminated plate

/

toughened, when near the UN/ECE mark

// or ///

laminated, when near the UN/ECE mark

TS

toughened glass

TP

toughened plate

T

toughened or tempered

Z

zone tempered

WHP

complies with impact test (windscreen high performance laminated safety glass)

DOT

Department of Transport (USA)

AS down-arrow 1 or

AS up-arrow 2

the glass, in the direction of the arrow, complies with the 70% light transmission requirement

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

FMVSS codes 

AS1

for use anywhere in the vehicle

AS2

for use anywhere in the vehicle other than windscreen

AS3

for rear and rear side windows only

AS4 and AS5

for glazing not used for driver’s vision (eg the rear window of heavy truck cabs or convertible tops, windows/doors in motorhome bodies, ute canopies, rear windows on buses, roof glazing etc)

Glazing cut from mother sheet 

L.76WHP

laminated, 0.76 mm interlayer, suitable for all locations

L.38

laminated, 0.38 mm interlayer, must not be used for windscreens

PCZ26.1

polycarbonate, meets requirements of ANSI Z26, must not be used for windscreens

 

Figure 5-1-1 Approved standards markings

Figure 5-1-1 Approved standards markings 

 

Figure 5-1-2. Typical laminated glazing markings

typical laminated glazing markings 

 

Figure 5-1-3. Typical markings required on glazing cut from mother sheet

Typical markings required on glazing cut from mother sheet 

Summary of legislation

Applicable legislation
Mandatory and permitted equipment

1. Windscreens fitted to the following vehicles must be made of laminated glass:

a) vehicles of class MA, MB, MC and NA manufactured on or after 1 July 1986

b) vehicles of class MD1, MD2, MD3, MD4, ME, NB and NC manufactured on or after 1 July 1997

c) vehicles not covered by any of the defined vehicle classes manufactured on or after 1 January 2001.

2. All glazing fitted to vehicles of class LA, LB1, LB2, LC, LD, LE1 and LE2 must be made of a transparent material that does not shatter.

3. Vehicles and glazing must also comply with the requirements relating to mandatory and permitted equipment set out in the VIRM: In-service certification, section 5-1.

Compliance with approved standards

4. Windscreens fitted to the following vehicles must comply with one or more of the approved glazing standards in Table 5-1-1:

a) vehicles of group M and N manufactured on or after 1 January 1960 (Note 1)

b) vehicles not covered by any of the defined vehicle classes manufactured on or after 1 January 2001.

5. Glazing in locations other than windscreens fitted to the following vehicles must comply with one or more of the approved glazing standards in Table 5-1-1 (Note 4):

a) vehicles of group M (Note 2) and N manufactured on or after 1 February 1977 (Note 1)

b) vehicles not covered by any of the defined vehicle classes manufactured on or after 1 January 2001.

Condition, performance and modification

6. Glazing must comply with the requirements relating to condition, performance and modification set out in the VIRM: In-service certification, section 5-1 (Note 3).