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5 Vision

5-1 Glazing

Reasons for rejection

Mandatory equipment
Glazing markings – visual inspection

1. A glazing marking is not permanent, except for:

a) glazing marked by a vendor or installer, and fitted in a vehicle before 1 January 1997, which may be marked by means of a self-adhesive label.

2. A glazing marking required in Table 5-1-1 or Table 5-1-2 is missing, except for:

a) plastic glazing behind the driver’s seat in a soft-top convertible, or

b) hard plastic material behind the driver’s seat in a vehicle manufactured before 1 January 1991, or

c) wire glass fitted to a window behind the driver’s seat of a dangerous goods vehicle.

3. The glazing has an incorrect marking for the location in which it is fitted.

4. Glazing that is marked by a vendor or installer does not contain (Table 5-1-3 and Figure 5-1-3):

a) wording, characters or symbols that indicate the approved vehicle standard, and

b) the type of glazing, and

c) the thickness of the glazing in millimetres, or, in the case of laminated glass only, the thickness of the intervening layer of plastic, and

d) the identity of the vendor or installer of the glazing.

Glazing condition

5. A piece of glazing is not mechanically sound, or is not securely affixed to the vehicle.

6. A windscreen or front side window is so dirty or obstructed that the driver’s vision is impaired.

7. A windscreen has damage that prevents the wiper blades from working properly.

8. A windscreen has scratches, discolouration or other defects that unreasonably impair the driver’s vision or compromise the strength of the windscreen.

Condition within the critical vision area (CVA)

9. The critical vision area (CVA) of a windscreen (Figure 5-1-4) is damaged (apart from scratching and surface pitting that does not affect the driver’s vision, such as small stone marks).

Condition outside the CVA

10. A windscreen has damage (Note 2) of the types and exceeding the dimensions in Table 5-1-5.

11. Any damage that extends through more than one layer of glass.

Glazing performance

12. The overall visible light transmittance (VLT) (Note 3) of a windscreen is less than 70%.

13. The overall VLT of a front side window is less than 35% (see also Figure 5-1-6 for minimum VLT limits for modified glazing (tinted overlays) for different vehicle classes).

14. Glazing has a mirrored effect sufficient to dazzle other road users (unless it is OE and has an approved standard marking).

Permitted modifications

15. A modification that affects glazing is not within the limits in Table 5-1-6.

Glazing removal

16. OE glazing that affects the structural integrity of the vehicle (eg bonded glazing) has been permanently removed but the vehicle has not been certified to the LVV Code and is not fitted with a valid LVV certification plate, the operator is not able to produce a valid modification declaration or authority card, or the vehicle has not been certified to an accepted overseas system as described in Technical bulletin 13.

Condition of modified glazing

17. Glazing has scratches or other defects that unreasonably impair vision or compromise the strength of the glazing.

Performance of modified glazing

18. A modification:

a) unreasonably impairs the driver’s vision through the windscreen or a front side window, or

b) adversely affects the strength or mechanical performance of the glazing or the vehicle.

Windscreen repair

19. A windscreen that has been rejected for a WoF or CoF has been repaired and re-presented without the required documentation (Note 6).

Note 1 - Definitions

Windscreen means all glazing extending across the front of a vehicle that is not parallel to the vehicle’s longitudinal centreline, but does not include a wind deflector. No fitting of overlays or stickers are permitted to the windscreen except those previously mentioned.

Laminated glass means glazing consisting of two or more pieces of sheet glass, plate glass or float glass bonded together by one or more intervening layers of plastic material.

Overlay means a transparent, translucent or opaque self-adhesive or clinging film that is applied to large areas, or the whole, of a piece of glazing, including anti-glare band overlays, stoneguard overlays.

Sticker means a self-adhesive or clinging film, with or without print on it, that is applied for purposes such as, but not limited to, advertising, identification, information, or for aesthetic or legal reasons.

Anti-glare band overlay means a tinted overlay that is transparent and that is applied along the top edge of the windscreen for the purpose of reducing glare from the sun.

Stoneguard overlay means a clear overlay that is transparent and that is applied along the bottom edge of the windscreen for the purpose of preventing damage to the windscreen from stones and other debris thrown up by other vehicles.

Note 2

Damage includes any unrepaired damage and attempted visible repairs.

Note 3

Visible light transmittance (VLT) is the proportion of visible light that passes through glazing, measured perpendicular to the glazing. Overall VLT is the VLT of the glazing together with any overlays.

Note 4

Any OE opaque edging (usually black) is not considered part of the windscreen when determining the boundaries of the CVA, or the areas permitted for stickers, print on an anti-glare band, or radio antennae.

Note 5

Perforated overlays are usually made from printed-on materials. They are therefore not transparent and may be fitted only where stickers are allowed.

Note 6

When a windscreen has been rejected for a WoF or CoF, repaired, and then re-presented for inspection, the repair must be certified to AS/NZS 2366: 1999, AS 2366-1990 or NZS 5470: 1993. Proof of certification is the receipt issued in accordance with the relevant standard by the repairer. For AS/NZS 2366: 1999, the windscreen repair invoice must include:

a) invoice number

b) date of repair

c) date of invoice (if different from date of repair)

d) trading name and address of repairer

e) name or identification of person performing the repair

f) make of vehicle

g) registration number of vehicle, or if registration number is unavailable then the vehicle identification number (VIN) or chassis number

h) details of work carried out

i) type and location of repaired damage on the windscreen (it is recommended that this be marked on a schematic windscreen on the invoice form)

j) in the case of repairs performed to this standard, a statement that the repairs have been made in accordance with and comply with AS/NZS 2366.1 using a repair system that complies with AS/NZS 2366.2

k) any guarantees or warranties given.

Table 5-1-1. Required markings for windscreens (Note 1)
Date of manufacture
Vehicle classbefore 1/1/601/1/60–1/7/861/7/86–1/1/911/1/91–1/7/97from 1/7/97
MA, MB, MC, NASafety glass with approved trade name or approved standardLaminated glass with approved standardLaminated glass with approved standardLaminated glass with approved standard
MD1, MD2Safety glass with approved trade name or approved standardSafety glass with approved standardSafety glass with approved standardLaminated glass with approved standard
Low volume vehiclesLVV CodeLVV Code
Table 5-1-2. Required markings for other glazing
Date of manufacture
Vehicle classbefore 1/2/771/2/77–1/1/91from 1/1/91
MA, MB, MC, NA, MD11, MD21Safety glass with approved trade name or approved standardSafety glass with approved standard
Low volume vehiclesLVV Code

1 Curved scenic skylights above the cant rail, curved windows at front and rear corners, skylights, louvres and interior partitions may be made of a transparent material of a kind that does not shatter. This material is not usually marked.

Table 5-1-3. Approved trade names for glazing
Armourfloat
Armourplate
Blindex
Duolite Safety
Duplate Safety
Flolite
Ford Indestructo
Ford Safety Glass
Ford Silver Arrow
Glacetex
Hankuk Glass Safety Heat
Line
HMC Glass Safety Hankuk
TF5
HMC Glass Safety Hankuk
TV5
Indestructo
Nippon Safety
NM Laminated Safety Glass
FHP
Peerless
Plexite
Safetyflex
Safety MGB (Meloplate)
Safety MGB (Melite Safety
Plate)
Sekurit
Sigla
Spectrofloat Splintex
Sunmat
Suntex Safety Glass
Temperlite
Temperlite Santa Marina
Thorex Connex
Triplex
Triplex Plate
Tuflite
Tyneside
Veracetex
Table 5-1-4. Glossary of codes for safety glass (including laminated glass) (Note 1) (Note 4) (Figure 5-1-1)

L

laminated glass

F

float glass

P

plate glass

LF

laminated float

LP

laminated plate

V

toughened, VLT <70%, when near the UN/ECE mark

/

toughened, when near the UN/ECE mark

// or ///

laminated, when near the UN/ECE mark

TS

toughened glass

TP

toughened plate

T

toughened or tempered

Z

zone tempered

HP

high performance laminated safety glass

WHP

complies with impact test (windscreen high performance laminated safety glass)

DOT

Department of Transport (USA)

AS down-arrow 1 or

AS up-arrow 2

the glass, in the direction of the arrow, complies with the 70% light transmission requirement

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

FMVSS codes

AS1

for use anywhere in the vehicle

AS2

for use anywhere in the vehicle other than windscreen

AS3

for rear and rear side windows only

AS4 and AS5

for glazing not used for driver’s vision (eg the rear window of heavy truck cabs or convertible tops, windows/doors in motorhome bodies, ute canopies, rear windows on buses, roof glazing etc)

Glazing cut from mother sheet

L.76WHP

laminated, 0.76 mm interlayer, suitable for all locations

L.38

laminated, 0.38 mm interlayer, must not be used for windscreens

PCZ26.1

polycarbonate, meets requirements of ANSI Z26, must not be used for windscreens

Table 5-1-5. Types and maximum sizes of windscreen damage (outside the CVA) (Note 2).

(see also Figure 5-1-5)

Types and maximum sizes of windscreen damage

Table 5-1-6. Permitted modifications

Fitting of or modification to:

Modification permitted provided that:

Overlays (Note 1):

See below for overlays on windscreens, front side windows, rear and rear side windows, and sun roofs

  • overlays do not:

– have any bubbling or other defect that could unreasonably impair vision, or

– have a mirrored effect that is sufficient to dazzle other road users, or

– affect the performance of any high-mounted stop lamp fitted to the vehicle.

Windscreens:

Stickers (Note 1)

  • stickers are wholly within 100mm of the top or bottom edge, or 50mm of the side edges (Note 4), unless required or permitted by legislation, eg:

– a licence label

– a road user licence label

– a WoF label

– an alternative fuel sticker

– a current parking permit or other document issued by the local authority

– learner L-plates (in sticker format) provided the driver’s vision is not unreasonably affected.

Anti-glare band overlay
(Note 1)

  • the overlay is transparent, and
  • the overlay does not extend below the bottom edge of the vehicle’s OE sun visors when they are folded down as far as possible towards the windscreen, and
  • the overlay does not contain print below a line that is 100 mm below and parallel to the top edge of the windscreen (Note 4).

Clear or transparent stoneguard overlay (Note 1)

  • the vehicle is not of class MA or MC, and
  • the overlay is applied only to the bottom edge of the windscreen, and
  • the top edge of the overlay does not extend any higher than the highest point of the steering wheel.

Radio antennae

  • antennae are wholly within 100mm of any edge (Note 4).

Front side windows:

Transparent overlays (Note 5)

  • the overall visible light transmittance (VLT) is not reduced to below 35%.

Stickers

  • stickers are wholly within 100mm of the bottom edge, or 50 mm of any other edge, unless required or permitted by legislation.

Radio antennae

  • antennae are wholly within 100mm of any edge.
Window ports or hatches

The hatch is fitted to an otherwise compliant, fixed window in an ME class vehicle, and:

  • the glazing in the hatch:
  • the hatch and its frame does not unreasonably interfere with the driver’s vision, and
  • the frame of the hatch is:
    • minimised in size so as to have as little impact on vision as possible (as a guide the thickness should be no more than 40mm), and
    • rigid, sturdy and secure so as to retain the original mechanical properties of the original glazing, and
  • the hatch is water tight, and
  • the original glazing maintains the correct and original compliant markings, and
  • as a guide, the outside measurement of the frame should not exceed a total area of 0.12m2.

Rear and rear-side windows (behind the driver’s seat) –
class MA vehicles except stretch limousines and body transfer vehicles:

Transparent overlays (Note 5)

  • the overall visible light transmittance (VLT) is not reduced to below 35%, and
  • the vehicle is equipped on both sides with external rear-view mirrors.

Stickers

  • the stickers are wholly within 100mm of any edge unless they are:
    • required or permitted by legislation
    • required for motorsport purposes (such as competition numbers or competitor names), and the vehicle has a valid motorsport authority card .

Radio antennae

  • antennae are wholly within 100mm of any edge.

Rear and rear-side windows (behind the driver’s seat) –
any vehicle class except MA, but including stretch limousines and body transfer vehicles:

Overlays and other modifications

  • the vehicle is equipped on both sides with external rear-view mirrors.

Stickers

  • stickers may be applied anywhere on the glazing but, if not wholly within 100mm of any edge (Note 4), the vehicle must be equipped on both sides with external rear-view mirrors.

Radio antennae

  • in-service requirements for condition and performance are met.

Fitting of or modification to:

Modification always permitted:

Monsoon shields

  • in-service requirements for condition and performance must be met.

Electric demisters

Sunroofs (overlays and stickers applied anywhere on the glazing, radio antennae, and electric demisters)

Any modification for the purposes of law enforcement or the provision of emergency services

Figure 5-1-1 Approved standards markings

Figure 5-1-1 Approved standards markings

v symbol

Figure 5-1-2. Typical laminated glazing markings (Note 1)

typical laminated glazing markings

Figure 5-1-3. Typical markings required on glazing cut from mother sheet

Typical markings required on glazing cut from mother sheet

Figure 5-1-4. Windscreen critical vision area (CVA)

Figure 5-1-5. Actual maximum sizes of types of windscreen damage

actual glazing marking sizes

Note Due to different screen resolutions and sizes the above image may not be shown at actual size.

Figure 5-1-6. Minimum VLT limits for modified glazing (tinted overlays) for different vehicle classes

Note The minimum VLT for any windscreen is 70% but no overlays may be fitted.

Summary of legislation

Applicable legislation
Mandatory equipment
Glazing markings

1. Windscreens and other glazing must be permanently and indelibly marked as complying with an approved trade name or approved vehicle standard as shown in Table 5-1-1 and Table 5-1-2 unless excluded as below:

a) glazing marked by a vendor or installer, and fitted in a vehicle before 1 January 1997, may be marked by means of a self-adhesive label

b) plastic glazing behind the driver’s seat in a soft-top convertible need not be marked

c) hard plastic material behind the driver’s seat in a vehicle manufactured before 1 January 1991 need not be marked.

2. Glazing marked by the vendor or installer must contain wording, characters or symbols that indicate the approved vehicle standard, and the:

a) type of glazing, and

b) thickness of the glazing in millimetres or, in the case of laminated glass only, the thickness of the intervening layer of plastic, and

c) identity of the vendor or installer of the glazing.

Permitted glazing

3. Wire glass may be used in any window behind the driver’s seat, if required or allowed under any legislation.

4. Vehicles of class MD1 or MD2 may be fitted with the following, which may be made of a transparent material of a kind that does not shatter:

a) curved scenic skylights above the cant rail

b) curved windows at the front and rear corners

c) skylights

d) louvres

e) interior partitions.

Glazing condition

5. Glazing must be mechanically sound, strong, and securely affixed to the vehicle.

6. A windscreen and front side windows must be clean and free of obstruction to ensure the driver has sufficient vision through the glazing to operate the vehicle safely.

7. A windscreen must not have scratches and other defects that:

a) unreasonably impair vision, or

b) compromise its strength.

8. A laminated windscreen must not show signs of discolouration that could unreasonably impair the driver’s vision.

9. Glazing in roof panels may be tinted.

Glazing performance

10. A windscreen visible light transmittance (VLT) must be at least 70%.

11. Front side windows VLT must be at least 35%.

12. Glazing must not have a mirrored effect sufficient to dazzle other road users.

Permitted modifications

13. A modification that affects glazing is permitted if within the limits in Table 5-1-6.

Glazing removal

14. Permanent removal of OE-specified glazing that affects the structural integrity of the vehicle (eg bonded glazing) must be certified in accordance with the Low Volume Vehicle Code.

Condition of modified glazing

15. Overlays must not have any bubbling or other defects that could unreasonably impair vision.

16. Glazing must not have any scratches or other defects that unreasonably impair vision or compromise the strength of the glazing.

Performance of modified glazing

17. Modifications must not:

a) unreasonably impair vision through a windscreen or a front side window, or a rear or rear side window in the case of MA vehicles other than stretch limousines or body transfer vehicles, or

b) adversely affect the strength or mechanical performance of the glazing or the vehicle.

Windscreen repair

18. Windscreens: a repair to a windscreen carried out on or after 1 January 1997 must comply with whichever of the following standards is applicable at the date of repair:

a) New Zealand standard 5470: 1993, Code of Practice for Automotive Windscreen Repair (superseded by Australian Standard/New Zealand standard 2366: 1999, Windscreen Repairs), or

b) Australian standard 2366-1990, Repair of Laminated Glass Windscreens fitted to Road Vehicles (superseded by Australian Standard/New Zealand standard 2366: 1999, Windscreen Repairs).

Page amended 1 June 2019 (see amendment details).